Synthesis and Characterization of Strontium Doped Barium Titanate Ceramics

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations

DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)


In order to investigate effect doping with strontium on structural and dielectric properties of BaTiO3, a series of B1-xSrxTiO3 (BSxT) ceramic powders (0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5) were prepared by the sol gel method. The phase formation and crystal structure of BaTiO3 were checked by X-ray diffraction analysis and Raman spectroscopy. It was observed that the quadratic structure of the pure sample transforms to pseudo cubic under Sr substitution. The morphology and microstructure of the samples were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM); a quiet regular morphology in shape was observed with an average grain size of 2 m in accordance with that reported in the literature. The dielectric investigations show that BST is a classical ferroelectric material and that the temperature of the maximum of the permittivity, Tm, decreases with Sr content.
Copyright © 2013 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Dielectric Study; Raman Spectroscopy; SEM; Sol-Gel; XRD

Full Text:



L.B. Kong , J. Ma , H. Huang , R.F. Zhang , W.X. Que ,Barium titanate derived from mechanochemically activated powders. Alloys and Compounds 337 (2002), 226–230.

S. Ohara, A. Kondo, H. Shimoda, K. Sato, H. Abe, Naito, M. Mater, Rapid mechanochemical synthesis of fine barium titanate nanoparticles. Materials Letters 62 (2008), 2957–2959.

W. Sun, J. Li, Microwave-hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate. Materials Letters 60 (2006),1599–1602.

M. Kellati, S. Sayouri, N. Elmouden, M. Elaatmani, A. Kaal, and M. Taibi, , Structural and dielectric properties of La-doped lead titanate ceramics, Mater. Res. Bull. 39, 6 (2004).

K. Bouayad, S. Sayouri, T. Lamcharfi, M. Ezzejari, D. Mezzane, L. Hajji, A. Elghazouali, M. Filali, P. Dieudonné, and M. Ghouta, Sol gel processing and dielectric properties of (Pb1-y Lay)(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3, Physica A 358, 175 (2005)

S. Komarneni, I. Abothu, A. Prasado Rao, ol-Gel processing of some Electroceramic powders. Sol-Gel Science and Technology 15, (1999), 263–270.

A. K. Tagantsev, V. O. Sherman, K. F. Astaviev, Ferroelectric Materials for Microwave Tunable Applications. Electroceramics 10( 2004), 1-62.

Cheng Liu, Peng Liu, Guo-guang Yao, Xiao-bingBian, Hui-xia Jing, Xiao-gang Lu, Chang-jieGao, Improvement of dielectric thermal stability of BST ferroelectric material for tunable applications.Materials Research Bulletin.46 (2011) ,1510–1514 .

F. Zimmermann. M. Voigt,. C. Wei,. R Jakoby,P Wangc,W Meneskloua, E Ivers-Tiffée , Investigation of barium strontium titanate thick films for tunable phase shifters. European Ceramic Society 21( 2001),2019–2023.

R .Babbitt, T .Koscica, Drach W & Didomenico Ferroelectric phase shifters and their performance in microwave phased array antennas. Integrated Ferroelectr 8 (1995), 65-76.

B. Hou., Y. Xu., D. Wu., Y. Sun., Preparation and characterization of single-crystalline barium strontium titanate nanocubes via solvothermal method. Powder Technology 170, 2006. ,26–30.

J. Li, Dengren Jin, L.Zhou, J. Cheng, Dielectric properties of Barium Strontium Titanate (BST) ceramics synthesized by using mixed-phase powders calcined at varied temperatures. Materials Letters 76 ,( 2012), 100–102.

Jr .M. DiDomenic, S. H. Wempl, S. P. S. Porto, Raman Spectrum of Single-Domain BaTiO3. physical review 174 (1968), 522–530.

A. Scalabrin, A. S. Chaves, D. S. Shim, S. P. S. Porto, temperature dependence of the A and e optical phonons in batio3. physica status solidi (b) 79 (1977), 731.

A.S. Chaves, R.S. Katiyar, S.P.S. Porto, Coupled modes with A1symmetry in tetragonal BaTiO3. Physical Review B 10 (1974), 3522.

J. A. Sanjurjo, R. S. Katiyar, S. P. S. Porto, Temperature dependence of dipolar modes in ferroelectric BaTiO3 by infraredstudies. Physical Review 22 (1980), 2396–2403 .

H.V. Alexandru, C. Berbecaru, A. Ioachim, L. Nedelcu, A. Dutu, BST Solid solution, temperature evolution of the ferroelectric transition. Applied surface science 253 ( 2006), 354-357.

S. W. Kim, H.I Choi, M.H.Lee, ,J.S.Bar, D.J.Kim, D.Do, M.H.Kim, T.K.Song, W.J.Kim, Electrical properties and phase of BaTiO3–SrTiO3 solid solution. Ceramics International 39 (2013), 487-490.

A. Ioachim, M .I.Toacsan, M.G.Banciu, L.Nedelcu, F.Vasiliu, H.V.Alexandru, C.Berbecaru, G.Stoica., Barium strontium titanate-based perovskite materials for microwave applications. solid state chemistry 35 (2007) 513-520.

J. Moon, E. Suvaci, A. Morrone, S.A. Costantino, J.H. Adair, formation mechanisms and morphological changes during the hydrothermal synthesis of BaTio3 particles from a chemically modified, amorphoustitanium (hydrous) oxide precursor. European Ceramic Society 23 (2003), 2153–2161.

X. Liu, E.F. McCandlish, L.E. McCandlish, K.M. Bolen, R. Ramesh, F. Cosandey, G.A. Rossetti, Jr., R.E. Riman, Single-Crystal-like Materials by the Self-Assembly of Cube-Shaped Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) Micro crystals. Langmuir 21 (2005),3207.

V.R. Calderone, A. Testino, M.T. Buscaglia, M. Bassoli, C. Bottino, M. Viviani, V. Buscaglia, P. Nanni, Size and Shape Control of SrTiO3 Particles Grown by Epitaxial Self-Assembly.Chem. Mater. 28 (2006), 1627.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize