Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Parameters of Passive Ferroresonance Suppression Circuit (FSC) Affecting Ferroresonance Damping and Normal Operating Voltage and Current of Capacitive Voltage Transformer (CVT)

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



This paper discusses the effect of parameters of passive Ferroresonance Suppression Circuit (FSC) on Capacitive Voltage Transformer (CVT) in not only the mitigation of ferroresonance oscillation, but also the normal operating voltage and current of CVT. The passive FSC composed of a resistor paralleled with a saturable reactor that has been a series circuit of a resistor and a saturable inductor. In this study, the resistance values have been varied. Then, one of the resistance variations has been used to damp the ferroresonance oscillation during the simulation with load variation of CVT. The opening and the reclosing of the circuit breaker have been utilized to initiate the ferroresonance on CVT. The results have showed that the existence of passive FSC with the given parameter values could effectively suppress the highly distorted overvoltage and overcurrent of ferroresonance oscillation, but the normal operating voltage and current of CVT have been increased during FSC resistor variation and have been decreased during saturable reactor resistor variation. The resistance value of FSC has been linear with the peak voltage and the ripple of waveform, whereas the resistance value of saturable reactor has been opposite with the peak voltage and the ripple of waveform. Furthermore, the load variation of CVT affected the ferroresonance behaviour and the peak voltage and current of CVT. Regarding those results, the electrical engineer should be able to choose the design of FSC appropriately in order to not only get the effective ferroresonance mitigation, but also to maintain the normal operating conditions of CVT in the future.
Copyright © 2019 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Capacitive Voltage Transformer (CVT); Circuit Breaker Switching; Passive Ferroresonance Suppression Circuit (FSC); Non-Linear Oscillation; Transmission Line

Full Text:



Ferraci, Ferroresonance (Cahier of Group Schneider, no. 190, pp. 1-28, 1998).

Bakar A.H.A., Analysis of lightning-caused ferroresonance in capacitor voltage transformer (CVT), Electrical Power and Energy System, vol. 33, pp. 1536-1541, 2011.

Piñeros J.F., Vélez J.A., Rodríguez D., Ferroresonance in a 115 kV network due to a single line fault, International Conference on Power Systems Transients, Cavtat, Croatia, pp. 15-18, 2015.

Emin Z., Al Zahawi B.A.T., Auckland D.W., Tong Y.K., Ferroresonance in electromagnetic voltage transformer: a study based on nonlinear dynamics, IEE Proc-Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol 144, no. 4, 1997.

Sanaye-Pasand M., Aghazadeh R., Mohseni H., Ferroresonance occurrence during energization of capacitive voltage substations, IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2003.

Akinci T.C., Ekren N., Seker S., Yildirim S., Continuous wavelet transform for ferroresonance phenomena in electric power systems, Electrical Power and Energy Systems, vol. 44, no. 403–409, 2013.

Graovac M., Iravani R., Wang X., McTaggart R.D., Fast ferroresonance suppression of coupling capacitor voltage transformers, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 18, no. 1, 2003.

Huang S.J., Hsieh C.H., Relation analysis for ferroresonance of bus potential transformer and circuit breaker grading capacitance, Electrical Power and Energy System, vol. 51, 2013.

Moses P.S., Masoum M.A.S., Modelling ferroresonance in asymmetric three-phase power transformer, Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, 2009.

Moradi, M., Gholami, A., Analytical Solution to Fundamental Ferroresonance of Ineffectively Grounded Three Phase Transformers, (2017) International Journal on Engineering Applications (IREA), 5 (2), pp. 34-41.

Zou M., Accurate simulation model for a three-phase ferroresonant circuit in EMTP-ATP, Electrical Power and Energy System, Vol. 106, pp. 68-77, 2019.

Arroyo A., Martinez R., Pigazo A., Minguez R., Detection of ferroresonance occurrence in inductive voltage transformers through vibration analysis, Electrical Power and Energy System, Vol. 106, pp. 294-300, 2019.

Djebli A., Aboura F., Roubache L., Touhami O., Impact of the eddy current in the lamination on ferroresonance stability at critical points, Electrical Power and Energy Systems, vol. 106, pp. 311-319, 2019.

Price E., A tutorial on ferroresonance, 40th Annual Western Protective Relay Conference, October, 2013.

Ajaei F.B., Sanaye-Pasand M., Rezaei-Zare A., Iravani R., Analysis and suppression of the coupling capacitor voltage transformer ferroresonance phenomenon, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, October, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 1969, 2009.

Khan S.A., Bakar A.H.A., Rahim N.A., Tan ChiaKwang., Analysis of ferroresonance suppression and transient response performances for various ferroresonance suppression circuits in capacitive voltage transformers, 3rd IET International Conference on Clean Energy and Technology, 2014.

Shahabi S., Gholami A., Mirzaei M., Taheri S., Investigation of performance of ferroresonance suppressing circuits in coupling capacitor voltage transformers, 4th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, 2009.

Radmanesh Hamid, Rostami Mehrdad, Impacts of New Suggested Ferroresonance Limiter on the Stability Domain of Ferroresonance Modes in Power Transformers Considering Metal Oxide Surge Arrester Effect, Iranian Journal of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 283-291, 2011.

Hamid Radmanesh and Amir Heidary, A Novel Smart Solid-State Ferroresonance Limiter for Voltage Transformers Application, IET Power Electronics, October, 2018

Sakamuri J., Yesuraj D.J., Modeling and simulation of capacitor voltage transformer transients using PSCAD/EMTDC, IEEE Trondheim Power Tech., pp. 1-8, 2011.

Shahabi, S., Gholami, A., Mirzaie, M., Mitigating Ferroresonance in Capacitive and Inductive Voltage Transformers with Ferroresonance Suppressing Methods, (2015) International Journal on Engineering Applications (IREA), 3 (2), pp. 59-67.

Rezaei S., Impact of transmission line and plant outage on ferroresonance in AC transmission system and new suppression method, 13th IET International Conference on AC and DC Power Transmission, 2017.

Ryzhkova Y.N., Tsyruk S.A., Ferroresonance suppression in distribution networks, 2nd International Conference on Industrial Engineering, Applications and Manufacturing, 2016.

Rezaei S., Mitigation of ferroresonance by facts in electrical network, International Journal on Electrical Engineering and Informatics, vol. 9, no. 1, 2017.

Yang M., Sima W., Duan P., Zou M., Peng D., Yang Q., Duan Q., Electromagnetic transient study on flexible control processes of ferroresonance, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 93, pp. 194-203, 2017.

Yang M., Sima W., Chen L., Duan P., Sun P., Yuan T., Suppressing ferroresonance in potential transformers using a model-free active-resistance controller, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 95, pp. 384-393, 2018.

Hernanda, I., Yulistya Negara, I., Soeprijanto, A., Asfani, D., Fahmi, D., Wahyudi, M., Damara, D., Impact of Windings Configuration of Three-Phases Power Distribution Transformer on Ferroresonance, (2018) International Journal on Energy Conversion (IRECON), 6 (1), pp. 9-16.

Satriyadi, I., Yulistya Negara, I., Fahmi, D., Wijayanto, N., Wahyudi, M., Asfani, D., Soeprijanto, A., Ferroresonance Characteristics on Capacitive Voltage Transformer Under Lightning Impulse Voltage, (2016) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 9 (4), pp. 306-311.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize