Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Cascaded Three Level Inverter Based Shunt Active Power Filter with Modified Three Level Hysteresis Current Control

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



A Cascaded three level inverter is controlled by using a three level HCC technique. The method has certain advantages compared to a two level HCC, such as a reduced switching frequency and a variation in switching frequency. However, this method suffers from tracking error in current due to dead zones provided between bands. This work aims at the development of modified three level hysteresis current controller (HCC) for a cascaded three level inverter-based shunt active power filter (SAPF) to mitigate the harmonics in a three-phase three-wire systems. Such method significantly reduces the current tracking error, the maximum switching frequency of the inverter as well as the variation in switching frequency. The simulation of the cascaded three level inverter-based shunt active power filter with a modified three level hysteresis current control is carried out in a PSIM environment for 2.5 kVA system. To validate the effect of degree of overlapping between the bands, two cases of a modified three level HCC are proposed. Both the cases are compared with conventional two-level HCC and three level HCC techniques. The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
Copyright © 2018 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Hysteresis Current Controller (HCC); Shunt Active Power Filter (SAPF); Three Level Hysteresis Current Controller

Full Text:



Akagi, H., New trends in active filters for power conditioning. IEEE transactions on industry applications, 1996. 32(6): p. 1312-1322.

Grady, W. M., M. J. Samotyj, and A. H. Noyola, Survey of active power line conditioning methodologies, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 1990. 5(3): p. 1536-1542.

Watanabe, E. H., M. Aredes, and H. Akagi, The pq theory for active filter control: some problems and solutions. Sba: Controle & Automação Sociedade Brasileira de Automatica, 2004. 15(1): p. 78-84.

Kazmierkowski, M. and M. A. Dzieniakowski. Review of current regulation techniques for three-phase PWM inverters. in Industrial Electronics, Control and Instrumentation, IECON'94, 20th International Conference on. 1994, IEEE.

Kazmierkowski, M. P. and L. Malesani, Current control techniques for three-phase voltage-source PWM converters: A survey. IEEE Transactions on industrial electronics, 1998. 45(5): p. 691-703.

Petit Suárez, J., H. Amarís, and G. Robles, Current control schemes for three-phase fourwire shunt active power filters: a comparative study. Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia, 2010(52): p. 206-214.

Trivedi, T., R. Jadeja, and P. Bhatt, Improved Direct Power Control of Shunt Active Power Filter with Minimum Reactive Power Variation and Minimum Apparent Power Variation Approaches, Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, 2017. 12(3): p. 1124-1136.

Bode, G. and D. Holmes. Implementation of three level hysteresis current control for a single phase voltage source inverter. in Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2000. PESC 00. 2000 IEEE 31st Annual. 2000. IEEE.

Corzine, K. A., A hysteresis current-regulated control for multi-level drives. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 2000. 15(2): p. 169-175.

Holmes, D. G. and T. A. Lipo, Pulse width modulation for power converters: principles and practice. John Wiley & Sons.

Shukla, A., A. Ghosh, and A. Joshi, Hysteresis modulation of multilevel inverters. IEEE Transactions on power Electronics, 2011. 26(5): p. 1396-1409.

Zare, F. and G. Ledwich, A hysteresis current control for single-phase multilevel voltage source inverters: PLD implementation. IEEE Transactions on power electronics, 2002. 17(5): p. 731-738.

Gupta, R., A. Ghosh, and A. Joshi, Multiband Hysteresis Modulation and Switching Characterization for Sliding-Mode-Controlled Cascaded Multilevel Inverter. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2010. 57(7): p. 2344-2353.

Gupta, R., A. Ghosh, and A. Joshi. Cascaded multilevel control of DSTATCOM using multiband hysteresis modulation. in 2006 IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting. 2006.

Lafoz, M., et al. A novel double hysteresis-band current control for a three-level voltage source inverter. in Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2000. PESC 00. 2000 IEEE 31st Annual. 2000. IEEE.

Loh, P., G. Bode, and P.-C. Tan, Modular hysteresis current control of hybrid multilevel inverters. IEE Proceedings-Electric Power Applications, 2005. 152(1): p. 1-8.

Shukla, A., A. Ghosh, and A. Joshi, Improved multilevel hysteresis current regulation and capacitor voltage balancing schemes for flying capacitor multilevel inverter. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2008. 23(2): p. 518-529.

Vodyakho, O., T. Kim, and S. Kwak. Three-level inverter based active power filter for the three-phase, four-wire system. in Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2008. PESC 2008. IEEE. 2008. IEEE.

Vodyakho, O. and C. C. Mi, Three-level inverter-based shunt active power filter in three-phase three-wire and four-wire systems. IEEE transactions on power electronics, 2009. 24(5): p. 1350-1363.

Chauhan, S. K., M. C. Shah, P. Tekwani, Investigations on current error space phasor based self adaptive hysteresis controller employed for shunt active power filter with different techniques of reference compensating current generation, (2012) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 5 (2), pp. 803-817.

Georges, S., Kanaan, H., Hayek, A., Al-Haddad, K., Modeling, Simulation and Control Design of a PWM Three-Phase Four-Wire Shunt Active Power Filter for a 60 kW Industrial Load, (2017) International Journal on Energy Conversion (IRECON), 5 (2), pp. 51-59.

Abdul Rahman, N., Mohd Radzi, M., Che Soh, A., Mariun, N., Abd Rahim, N., Dual Function of Unified Adaptive Linear Neurons Based Fundamental Component Extraction Algorithm for Shunt Active Power Filter Operation, (2015) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 10 (4), pp. 544-552.

Santiprapan, P., Areerak, K., Areerak, K., The Enhanced – DQF Algorithm and Optimal Controller Design for Shunt Active Power Filter, (2015) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 10 (5), pp. 578-590.

Jayachandran, J., Malathi, S., Neural Network Based ILST Control Strategy for a DSTATCOM with Solar Photovoltaic System for Power Quality Improvement, (2017) International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 10 (5), pp. 399-409.

Kouadria, M., Allaoui, T., Denaï, M., High Performance Shunt Active Power Filter Design Based on Fuzzy Interval Type-2 Control Strategies, (2015) International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 8 (5), pp. 322-330.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize