Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Frequency Power Sharing for Battery/Supercapacitors Hybrid Energy Storage System in Electric Vehicles

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



Battery/Supercapacitors combination offers superior performances for a hybrid electric energy storage system in Electric Vehicles. This paper, presents a frequency power sharing strategy to get the best use of complementarity between battery and supercapacitors. Storage devices are sized based on reduced scale specifications for the studied EV. Power and current waveform simulation results are shown for each storage device due to the use of a frequency power sharing policy. Various power split configurations are analyzed to study their effect on battery current waveforms. Optimal frequency sharing policy for the battery/SCs hybrid reducing RMS battery current is obtained. The best use of battery/SCs association provides significant improvements of Electric Vehicle performances in terms of battery lifetime and amortized cost.
Copyright © 2017 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Battery; Supercapacitors; Frequency Power Sharing; Electric Vehicle

Full Text:



A. Lahyani, A. Sari, I. Lahbib, and P. Venet, “Optimal hybridization and amortized cost study of battery/supercapacitors system under pulsed loads,” J. Energy Storage, vol. 6, pp. 222–231, 2016.

J. W. Dixon and M. E. Ortuzar, “Ultracapacitors + DC-DC converters in regenerative braking system,” IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag., vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 16–21, Aug. 2002.

A. L. Allegre, A. Bouscayrol, and R. Trigui, “Flexible real-time control of a hybrid energy storage system for electric vehicles,” IET Electr. Syst. Transp., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 79–85, Sep. 2013.

X. Roboam, O. Langlois, H. Piquet, B. Morin, and C. Turpin, “Hybrid power generation system for aircraft electrical emergency network,” IET Electr. Syst. Transp., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 148–155, Dec. 2011.

A. L. Allègre, R. Trigui, and A. Bouscayrol, “Different energy management strategies of Hybrid Energy Storage System (HESS) using batteries and supercapacitors for vehicular applications,” in Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), 2010 IEEE, 2010, pp. 1–6.

F. S. Garcia, A. A. Ferreira, and J. A. Pomilio, “Control Strategy for Battery-Ultracapacitor Hybrid Energy Storage System,” in Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2009. APEC 2009. Twenty-Fourth Annual IEEE, 2009, pp. 826–832.

A. Hammani, R. Sadoun, N. Rizoug, P. Bartholomeüs, B. Barbedette, and P. Le Moigne, “Influence of the management strategies on the sizing of hybrid supply composed with battery and supercapacitor,” in Renewable Energies and Vehicular Technology (REVET), 2012 First International Conference on, 2012, pp. 1–7.

T. Mesbahi, N. Rizoug, P. Bartholomeüs, and P. Le Moigne, “A new energy management strategy of a battery/supercapacitor hybrid energy storage system for electric vehicular applications,” 2014.

C. R. Akli, “Conception systémique d’une locomotive hybride autonome: application à la locomotive hybride de démonstration et d’investigations en énergétique LhyDIE développée par la SNCF,” 2008.

L. Horrein, A. Bouscayrol, Y. Cheng, and M. El Fassi, “Dynamical and quasi-static multi-physical models of a diesel internal combustion engine using Energetic Macroscopic Representation,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 91, pp. 280–291, 2015.

A. Florescu, S. Bacha, I. Munteanu, A. I. Bratcu, and A. Rumeau, “Adaptive frequency-separation-based energy management system for electric vehicles,” J. Power Sources, vol. 280, pp. 410–421, 2015.

T. Mesbahi et al., “A stand-alone wind power supply with a Li-ion battery energy storage system,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 40, pp. 204–213, 2014.

‘Smart Battery, 12V’ Datasheet

Supercondensateur’ datasheet

W. Choi, P. Enjeti, and J. W. Howze, “Fuel cell powered UPS systems: design considerations,” in Power Electronics Specialist Conference, 2003. PESC ’03. 2003 IEEE 34th Annual, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 385–390 vol.1.

M. B. Camara, B. Dakyo, and H. Gualous, “Polynomial Control Method of DC/DC Converters for DC-Bus Voltage and Currents Management—Battery and Supercapacitors,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 1455–1467, Mar. 2012.

A. Lahyani, P. Venet, A. Guermazi, and A. Troudi, “Battery/Supercapacitors Combination in Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS),” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 1509–1522, Apr. 2013.

Caballero, J., Chinchilla, J., Rosero Garcia, J., Performance Testing and Power Quality of DC Semi-Fast Chargers of Electric Vehicles (EVs) for Public Transportation: a Case Study, (2016) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 11 (6), pp. 579-585.

Sadoun, R., Rizoug, N., Bartholomeus, P., Le Moigne, P., Optimal Sizing of Hybrid Supply for Electric Vehicle Using Li-ion Battery and Supercapacitor, (2014) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 9 (2), pp. 332-340.

Malik, F., Lehtonen, M., Comparison of Electric Vehicles Charging Strategies and Their Impact on Network Capacity, (2015) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 10 (2), pp. 214-220.

Malik, F., Lehtonen, M., Saarijärvi, E., Safdarian, A., A Feasibility Study of Fast Charging Infrastructure for EVs on Highways, (2014) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 9 (2), pp. 341-350.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize