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Modeling and Simulations of BSCCO Superconducting Fault Current Limiter for Fault Ride through Capability Enhancement of DFIG Wind Turbines

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To investigate the effects of wind power system with Superconducting Fault Current Limiter (SFCL), this paper presents modeling and simulations of a High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) SFCL, which is BSCCO (Bi-2212), for fault ride through capability enhancement of DFIG wind turbines. The Bi-2212 model is completely implemented on DIgSILENT PowerFactory, which is the most reliable software for electrical power engineering. The equations of the SFCL consist of temperature, heat energy and resistance characteristics with distinctive superconducting states to demonstrate real time circumstances of the SFCL. The developed SFCL model is applied to study the problem of enhancement of fault ride through capability of DFIG. The simulation results demonstrate that the SFCL plays a very significant role to improve the fault ride through capability of DFIG with superior performance under Italian grid code requirement as the benchmark.
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BSCCO SFCL; DFIG Wind Turbines; Fault Ride Through; Modeling; Grid Code

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