Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Command of the Novel Multilevel Active Power Filter by an Algorithm Through the P-Q Developed

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



Multilevel shunt active power filters are used to suppress the harmonics and make the power factor nearer to unity. That’s also, allows reducing the inverse voltages applied to the filter switches. But, the elevated number of the switches requires a difficult control and increases the switching losses; where the innovations of these systems are necessary. In this paper a novel five-level inverter is presented as a shunt active power filter to eliminate these anomalies. The deployment of this topology limits the stress in inverse voltage supported by switches via dividing the continue voltage bus DC. However, it is composed of a small number of six bipolar switches able to generate five levels of the output voltage. The simulation is performed using a new algorithm through the P-Q developed theory for harmonic currents identification in Matlab/Simulink. The obtained results show that the filtering performances are well improved.
Copyright © 2015 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Active Filter; Multilevel Inverter; Harmonics; PDPWM Control; Fuzzy Controller

Full Text:



H. Akagi, Trends in Active Power Line, IEEE Trans. Power Electron., 9 (3):263-268, 1994.

H. Akagi, New Trends in Active Filters for Power Conditioning, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 32 (6):1312-1322, 1996.

S. Badkubi, D. Nazarpour, J. Khazaie, M. Khalilian and M. Mokhtari, Reducing the Current Harmonics of a Wind Farm Generation Based on VSC-HVDC Transmission Line by Shunt Active Power Filters, Energy Procedia, 14:861-866, 2012.

F.Z. Peng, Application Issues of Active Power Filter, IEEE Ind. Appl. Mag., 4(5):21-30, 1998.

M.C. Benhabib, S. Saadate, New Control Approach for Four Wire Active Power Filter Based on the Use of Synchronous Reference Frame, Electr. Power Syst. Res., 73(3):353-362. 2005.

B. Singh, K. Al-Haddad, A.C. Chandra, A Review of Active Filters for Power Quality Improvement, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 46(5):960-971, 1999.

M. Sharaf, W. Wang and Ismail H. Altas, A novel hybrid active filter compensator for stabilization of wind-utility grid interface scheme, European Transactions on Electrical Power, 20(3): 306–326, 2010.

M. Kale, E. Ödzemir, Harmonic and reactive power compensation with shunt active power filter under non-ideal mains voltage, Electr. Power Syst. Res., 74(3): 363-370, 2005.

S. SAAD, L. ZELLOUMA, Fuzzy Logic Controller for Three Level Shunt Active Filter Compensating Harmonics and Reactive Power, Electr. Power Syst. Res., 79(10): 1337-1341, 2009.

Ismail, B., Hassan, S.I.S., Ismail, R.C., Azmi, A., Arshad, M.H., Elimination of lower order harmonics in multilevel cascaded inverters with equal DC sources using PSO, (2014) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 7 (4), pp. 554-560.

Alexander, S.A., Manigandan, T., Modelling and simulation of artificial neural network based harmonic elimination technique for solar-fed cascaded multilevel inverter, (2013) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 6 (4), pp. 1048-1055.

Veerakumar, S., Nirmalkumar, A., Total Harmonic Distortion reduction for n-level cascaded H-bridge boost inverter using hybrid method, (2013) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 6 (3), pp. 706-715.

Hassaine L., Olías E., Haddadi M., Malek. Sam A., Parler J.R., Asymmetric SPWM used in inverter grid, Revue des énergies renouvelables, Vol. 10, n° 3, 2007.

Bouzidi Mansour, Bouafia Saber, Bouzidi Ali, Benaissa Abdelkader, Barkat Said, Application of Backstepping to the Virtual Flux Direct Power Control of Five-Level Three-Phase Shunt Active Power Filter, International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive System, 4(2):173 – 191, 2014.

K. OGATA, Discrete-Time Control Systems (Prentice-Hall Int. Ed. 1987).

T.A. George, D. Bones, Harmonic Power Fuzzy Determination Using the Fast Fourier Transform, IEEE Trans. Power Deliv., 6(2):530-535, 1991.

C.A. Quinn, N. Mohan & H. Mehta, A Four-Wire Current-Controlled Converter Provides Harmonic Neutralization in Three-Phase Four-Wire Systems, 8th annu. Appl. Power Electron. Conf. Expo., 841-846, 1993.

B.K. Bose, Neural Network Applications in Power Electronics and Motor Drives-An Introduction and Perspective, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 54(1):14-33, 2007.

M. R. Sindhu, G. Nair. Manjula, T. N. P. Nambiar, Dynamic Power Quality Compensator with an Adaptive ShuntHybrid Filter, International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive System, 4(4):508 – 516, 2014.

H. Akagi, Y. Kanazawa and A. Nabae, Generalized Theory of Instantaneous Reactive Power and its Applications, Trans. of the IEE-Japan, 103(7):483-490, 1983.

Edris Pouresmaeil, Daniel Montesinos-Miracle, Oriol Gomis-Bellmunt and Antoni Sudrià-Andreu, Instantaneous active and reactive current control technique of shunt active power filter based on the three-level NPC inverter, European Transactions on Electrical Power, 21(7): 2007–2022, 2011.

Farid Hamoudi, Aziz Chaghi, Mouloud Adli, Hocine Amimeur, A Sliding Mode Control For Four–Wire Shunt Active Filter, Journal of Electrical Engineering, 62(5): 267–273, 2011.

C. Charmeela, M.R. Mohan & G. Uma, Fuzzy logic controller based three-phase shunt active filter for line harmonics reduction, J. Comput. Sci., 3(2):76-80, 2007.

Sebasthi Rani Kathalingam, Porkumaran Karantharaj, Comparison of multiple carrier disposition pwm techniques applied for multi–level shunt active filter, Journal of Electrical Engineering, 63(4): 261–265, 2012.

Draou, An advanced static var compensator based on a three level igbt inverter modelling analysis and active power filtering, Journal of Electrical Engineering, 63(6): 392–396, 2012.

Chaghi Abdelaziz, Guetta Amor, Benoudjit Azzedine, Four–legged active power filter compensation for a utility distribution system, Journal of Electrical Engineering, 55(1-2): 31-35, 2004.

S. Barkati, L. Baghli, E.M. Berkouk, M.S. Boucherit, Harmonic Elimination in Diode Clamped Multilevel Inverter Using Evolutionary Algorithms, Electr. Power Syst. Res., 78(10): 1736-1746, 2008.

F. S. Kang, Modified Multilevel Inverter Employing Half-and Full-bridge Cells With Cascade Transformer and its Extension to Photovoltaic Power Generation, Electr. Power Syst. Res., 80(12): 1437-1445, 2010.

E.C. Sekaran, P.N. Anbalagan, C. Palanisamy, Analysis and Simulation of a New Shunt Active Power Filter Using Cascaded Multilevel Inverter, J. Electr. Eng., 58(5): 241-249, 2007.

S.J. Park, F.S. Kang, S.E. Cho, C.J. Moon, H.K. Nam, A Novel Switching Strategy for Improving Modularity and Manufacturability of Cascaded Transformer Based Multilevel Inverters, Electr. Power Syst. Res., 74(3), 409-416, 2005.

C.K. Duffey, R.P. Stratford, Update of Harmonic Standard IEEE-519: Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Supply System, 35th Annu. IEEE/IAS Pet. Chem. Ind. Conf., 1988.

P. G. Barbosa, J. A. Santisteban, E. H. Watanabe, Shunt series active power filter for rectifiers AC and DC sides, IEE Proc. Electric Power Appl., 145(6): 577– 584, 1998.

H. Akagi, A. Nabae, S. Atoh, Control strategy of active power filters using multiple voltage-source PWM converters, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., IA-22: 460 – 465, 1986.

L. Morán, J. Dixon, Active filters. Power Electronics Handbook, (Academic Press, 2007 Chapter 39: 1–36).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize