Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Study of the Problem of Load Flow in a Network Involving a Renewable Source of Energy

Sahar Ammous(1*), A. Oualha(2), H. Hadj Abdallah(3)

(1) National School of Engineering of Sfax-Tunisia, Tunisia
(2) Department of Electrical Engineering of National school of Engineering of Sfax-Tunisia at University of Sfax, Tunisia
(3) Department of Electrical Engineering of National school of Engineering of Sfax-Tunisia at University of Sfax, Tunisia
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/iremos.v7i6.4574

Abstract


This paper gave an overview of the impact of the integration of the wind turbines in an electric network. The number of wind turbines connected to a conventional electric network was increased causing some disturbances in the network. These disturbances are obviously remarked at the frequency and voltage levels. In this study, the modeling of the network was first presented. The load flow problem was described and solved using the Newton Raphson method. The maximum integration rate of the wind turbines was calculated after choosing the suitable node to implement the wind conversion chain. A reactive power compensation device was then inserted in this network. Simulation results show that the integration of the wind turbines causes voltage fluctuations. Voltage levels were improved after the injection of a reactive power while the rate of integration of the wind source energy does not change.
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Electric Network; Load Flow; Newton Raphson Method; Rate of Integration; Wind Energy

Full Text:

PDF


References


J. M. Carrasco, L. G. Franquelo, J. T. Bialasiewicz, E. Galván, R. P. Guisado, M. A. Prats, M.A. Prats, J.I. Leon and N.M. Alfonso, Power-electronic systems for the grid integration of renewable energy sources: A survey, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 53(Issue 4): 1002-1016, August 2006.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tie.2006.878356

R. Chedid, H. Akiki, and S. Rahman, A decision support technique for the design of hybrid solar-wind power systems, IEEE Transaction on Energy Conversion, Vol. 13(Issue 1): 76–83,March 1998.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/60.658207

A. Barin, L.N. Canha, A.R. Abaide and R.Q. Marchado, Methodology for placement of Dispersed Generation Systems by analyzing its Impacts in Distribution Networks, IEEE Latin America Transactions, Vol. 10(Issue 2): 1544 - 1549,March 2012.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tla.2012.6187598

N. Hadjsaid, J.F. Canard and F.Dumas, Dispersed generation impact on distribution networks, IEEE Transaction on Computer Applications in Power, Vol. 12(Issue 2):22 – 28, Apr 1999.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/67.755642

H. Nur Asyik, J. Zahir, K. Akhtar, Impact of Distributed Generation on Smart Grid Transient Stability, Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 2, pp. 99-109, May 2011.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/sgre.2011.22012

Gopal Sharma, K., Bhargava, A., Gajrani, K., Stability analysis of DFIG based wind turbines connected to electric grid, (2013) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 6 (3), pp. 879-887.

F. Blaabjerg, Z. Chan, R. Teodoreson, F. Lov, Power electronics in wind turbine systems, IEEE Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, Vol. 1, pp. 1-11, August 2006.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ipemc.2006.4777946

H. Polinder, S. W. H. de Haan, J. G. Slootweg, and M. R. Dubois, Basic operation principles and electrical conversion systems of wind turbines, EPE Journal,Vol. 15(Issue 4): 43–50, December 2005.

Z. Chen, J. M. Guerrero, and F. Blaabjerg, A review of the state of the art of power electronics for wind turbines, IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics,Vol. 24(Issue 8): 1859–1875, August. 2009.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tpel.2009.2017082

Bekakra, Youcef, and D. Ben Attous, Sliding mode controls of active and reactive power of a DFIG with MPPT for variable speed wind energy conversion, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences,Vol. 5(Issue12): 2274-2286, 2011.

P.Andreas, Analysis, Modeling and control of doubly-fed induction generators for wind turbines, Ph.D. Thesis, Division of Electrical Power Engineering, Dept. Eng and Env., Chalmers Univ of Technology., Goteborg, Sweden, 2005.

H.Seifi, V.Tahani and R.Hooshmand, A fuzzy based optimal generation rescheduling and load shedding algorithm, Scientia Iranica, Vol. 2(Issue 4): 299, January 1996.

R. A. Hooshmand, Optimal design of load shedding and generation reallocation in power systems using fuzzy particle swarm optimization algorithm, Journal of applied sciences, Vol. 8(Issue 16): 2788-2800, 2008.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jas.2008.2788.2800

E. Muljadi and H. E. McKenna, Power quality issues in a hybrid power system, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 38, (Issue 3): 803–809, 2002.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tia.2002.1003433

H. Faida, J. Saadi, M. Khaider, S. El Alami and M. Monkade, Etude et analyse des données du vent en vue de dimensionner un système de production d’énergie éolienne cas d’un site au nord du Maroc, Revue des Energies Renouvelables, Vol. 13(Issue 3) : 477 – 483,2010.

F. Kendouli, K. Nabti, K. Abed and H. Benalla, Modélisation, simulation et contrôle d’une turbine éolienne à vitesse variable basée sur la génératrice asynchrone à double alimentation, Revue des Energies Renouvelables, Vol. 14(Issue 1) : 109 – 120, 2011.

Kerrouche, K.D., Mezouar, A., Boumediene, L., Belgacem, K., Modeling and optimum power control based DFIG wind energy conversion system, (2014) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 9 (1), pp. 174-185.

E. Muljadi and H. Edward Mckenna, Power Quality Issues in a Hybrid Power System, IEEE Transactions on Industry applications, Vol. 38(Issue 3): 803-809, June 2002.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tia.2002.1003433

H. Rudnick, A. Blanco, C. Gonzalez, Power Load Schedding Simulation And Optimization, Modelling and Simulation, p. 175, 1994.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2021 Praise Worthy Prize