A Sliding Mode Optimization of a Photovoltaic Pumping System

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations

DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)


This paper presents a new method to track the maximum power point for a photovoltaic water pumping system. For the best use, the photovoltaic panel must operate at its maximum power point. The photovoltaic panel efficiency, for given conditions, is maximal when its voltage equals a certain value that is optimal voltage which depends on irradiation, temperature and panel state. The pumping system considered in this paper consists of a photovoltaic generator with a power electronic converter that allows maximum power point tracking. The whole is feeding a DC motor coupling with a centrifugal pump. In this study, we developed a new controlled strategy based on a new sliding surface approach. This method gives a good maximum power operation under different conditions such as changing irradiation and temperature. In the presence of these variations, the duty cycle of the converter, chosen as the controller law, is adjusted by the sliding mode technique to track the maximum power point. Simulation results at different operating conditions are given and discussed with MATLAB /SIMULINK. They show the best performance of the system when the proposed control law is applied
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Photovoltaic Pumping System DC/DC Boost Converter; Sliding Mode Control; Maximum Power Point Tracking

Full Text:



V. Salas, M.J. Manzanas, A. Lazaro, A. Barrado and E. Olias, Analysis of control strategies for solar regulators, Industrial Electronics ISIE 2002, Proceedings of the 2002 IEEE International, Vol.3, 2002.

R.Chenni, L. Zarour, M.Amarouayache and A. Bouzid, A New Design for Analogue Maximum Power Point Tracking, (2008) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 3 (1), pp. 93-99.

Daoud, A., Midoun, A., Simulation and experimental study of maximum power point tracker based on a DC/DC buck converter, (2010) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 5 (2), pp. 514-520.

Rey-Bouè, A.B., Ruz-Vila, F., Torrelo-Ponce, J.M., Subiela-Valls, S., Control of a flexible platform for photovoltaic grid-connected systems using a DSP-microcontroller arrangement, (2011) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 6 (2), pp. 777-787.

Khiari, B., Sellami, A., Andoulsi, R., Mami, A., A non linear MPPT control of photovoltaic pumping system based on discrete sliding mode, (2012) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 7 (6), pp. 6129-6136.

Ma, T.-T., Shr, T.-H., Design and hardware implementation of a versatile photovoltaic power generating system, (2013) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 8 (1), pp. 207-215.

L. Barazane, S. Kharzi, A. Malek and C. Larbes, A sliding mode control associated to the field-oriented control of asynchronous motor supplied by photovoltaic solar energy, Revue des Energies Renouvelables Vol. 11 (N°2 ):317 – 327, 2008.

S. Yuvarajan and S. Xu, Photovoltaic power converter with a simple maximum power point tracke, in Proc. Int. Symp. Circuits Syst,399–402, 2003.

M.A.S.Masoum, H.Dehbonei, E.F.Fuchs, Theoretical and Experimental Analyses of Photovoltaic Systems with Voltageand Current-Based Maximum Power-Point Tracking, IEEE Trans, Energy Conversion VOL.17, 514–522, 2002.

N.Fermia, D.Granozio, G.Petrone, M.Vitelli, Predictive & adaptive MPPT perturb And observe method, IEEE Trans Aerosp Electron Syst, vol 43(N°3): 934–50, 2007.

J.M.Kwon, B.H. Kwon, and K.-H. Nam, Three-phase photovoltaic system with three-level boosting MPPT control, IEEE Trans. Power Electron, vol. 23 (N°5), 2319–2327, 2008.

G. Petrone, G. Spagnuolo, R. Teodorescu, M. Veerachary, and M. Vitelli, Reliability issues in photovoltaic power processing systems, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron, vol. 55, (N°7), 2569–2580, Jul. 2008.

F.Liu, S.Duan, B.Liu, Y.Kang, A Variable Step Size INC MPPT Method for PV Systems. IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics vol.55, 2622–2628, 2008.

D.P.Hohm, Comparative study of maximum power point tracking algorithms, Prog. n, Photovolt, Res. Appl, vol.11, 47-62, 2003.

A. El jouni and R.Bachtiri, A Maximum Power Point Tracking Fuzzy Logic Control for Photovoltaic pumping System, International Scientific Journal for Alternative Energy and Ecology, vol.5 (N°61), 51-57, 2008.

M.Veerachary,T. Senjyu and K.Uezato, Neural-network based maximum power Point tracking of coupled inductor interleaved boost converter supplied PV System using fuzzy controller, IEEE Trans Ind Electron, vol.50(N°4), 749–758, 2003.

A.El Jouni, R.El Bachtiri and J.Boumhidi, Sliding mode Controller for the Maximum Power Point Tracking of a Photovoltaic Pumping System, Wseas Transactions on Power Systems, vol.1, (Issue 10), 1675-1680, october 2006.

V.I.Utkin, Sliding Modes in Optimization and Control Problem, ( Springer Verlag, New York, 1992).

L.Fridman, Singularly Perturbed Analysis of Chattering in Relay Control Systems, IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Vol.47 (Issue12),2079-2084, 2002.

J.J. Slotine, Sliding Controller Design for non Linear Systems, International Journal of Control, vol. 40(Issue2):421-434, 1984.

H. Sira-Ramirez, Differential Geometric Method in Variable Structure Control, International Journal of Control, vol.48(Issue4), 1359-1390, 1988.

W.R.Anis and H.M.Metwally, Dynamic performance of a directly coupled PV pumping system, Solar Energy, Vol.53(Issue4):369-377,1994.

M.Veerachary and N.Yadaiah, ANN based peak power tracking for PV supplied DC motors, Solar Energy, Vol. 69(Issue 4):343-350, 2000.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize