Independent Power Producer Locality Effect on Wheeling Cost

Kranthi Kiran Irinjila(1*), A. Jaya Laxmi(2)

(1) Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, MVGR College of Engineering, Vizianagaram (Dt.) – 535 005, Andhra Pradesh, India
(2) Department of Electrical and Electronics, JNTUH College of Engineering, Hyderabad-500085, Andhra Pradesh, India
(*) Corresponding author


DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)

Abstract


The need for more efficient generation and provision of electric power has led the setting of electric power industry to change quickly from its regulated conventional setup to a deregulated one, in several countries, traditionally under the control of federal and state governments. One of the important aspects of the policies liberalized by the Indian government in 1990s is the opening of power generation to private sector that has resulted in the entry of Independent Power Producers (IPPs) into power generation field. IPPs make use of third-party owned transmission network to “wheel” the electrical energy to its customers. The wheeling party is paid ‘Wheeling cost’ annually for its service as well as for meeting the losses. This paper introduces the concept of wheeling, summarizes different types of embedded wheeling cost methodologies and gives a detailed presentation of an ‘embedded’ wheeling cost methodology namely ‘MVA-km’ method to determine the annual wheeling cost. The wheeling cost is calculated by the MVA-km method and compared by changing the location of seller, to an application example illustrated.
Copyright © 2013 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Wheeling; Transmission Transaction; Independent Power Producers; Embedded Cost; Wheeling Cost

Full Text:

PDF


References


Garng Huang, Qing Zhao, A Power market paradim for Deregulated environment , IEEE Transactions on Power

Systems, pp. 694–698, 1998.

Daniel Kirschen, Ron Allan, GoranStrbac, Contributions of Individual Generators to Loads and Flows, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 52 – 60, February 1997.

Teofilo De la Torre, James W. Feltes, Tomas Gomez San Roman, Hyde M.Merrill, Deregulation, Privatization, and Competition: Transmission planning under uncertainty, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 460 – 465, May 1999.

T.J. Hammons, M.Willingham, K.N. Mak, Malhaes da Silva, M. Morozowski, B.K.Blyden, Generation and Transmission improvements in developing countries, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 760 – 765 September 1999.

Janusz Bialek, Topological Generation and Load Distribution factors for Supplement charge allocation in Transmission open access, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 1185–1193, August 1997.

A. Kumar David and Fushuan Wen, Market power in electricity Supply, IEEE Transactions on Energy conversion, Vol. 16, NO. 4, pp. 352-360, December 2001.

Z. Xu, Z.Y. Dong and K.P. Wong, Transmission planning in a deregulated environment, IEE Proceedings.-Generation Transmission Distribution, Vol. 153, No. 3, pp. 326-334, May 2006.

Dariush Shirmohammadi, Chithra Rajagopalan, Eugene R. Alward, Chifong L. Thomas, Cost of Transmission transactions: An Introduction, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 1006–1016, August 1991.

Hyde M. Merrill, Bruce W. Erickson, Wheeling rates based on Marginal cost theory, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 1445–1451, October 1989.

H. H. Happ, Cost of Wheeling methodologies, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 147–156, February 1994.

J. Bialek, Tracing the flow of electricity, IEE Proceedings.-Generation Transmission Distribution, Vol. 143, No. 4, pp. 313-320, July1996.

Dariush Shirmohammadi, Paul R. Gribik, Eric T.K.Law, James H. Malinowski, Richard E.O’Donnel, Evaluation of Transmission network capacity use for wheeling transactions, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 1405–1413, October 1989.

Yog Raj Sood, Narayana Prasad Padhy, H.O.Gupta, Wheeling of power under deregulated environment of power system – A bibliographical survey, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 870–878, August 2002.

Hasan, I.J., Gan, C.K., Shamshiri, M., Bugis, I.B., Ab Ghani, M.R., Losses reduction and voltage improvement using optimum capacitor allocation by PSO in power distribution networks, (2013) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 6 (4), pp. 1219-1226.

Michael C. Caramanis, Roger E. Bohn, Fred C. Schweppe, The costs of wheeling and optimal wheeling rates, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. PWRS-1, No. 1, pp. 63–73, February 1986.

Wood A. J. and Wollenberg B. F., Power Generation Operation and Control (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1996).

Ching-Tzong Su and Ji-Horng Liaw, Power wheeling pricing using power tracing and MVA-Km method, IEEE Porto Power Tech Conference, 10th to 13thSeptember 2001.

Venkatesan, S., Kamaraj, N., Chellam, S., Optimal wheeling transaction based on maximum allowable load of the buyer bus using HPSO with cauchy mutation, (2011) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 6 (5), pp. 2440-2447.

Charles Raja, S., Venkatesh, P., Manikandan, B.V., Srivastava, S.C., Available Transfer Capability determination by incorporating reactive power flow in deregulated power systems, (2011) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 6 (2), pp. 836-846.

Mohammadi, M., Nafar, M., Nasiraghdam, H., Azadbakht, B., Micro-grid optimization as grid - Connected in pool-based power market under pay-as-bid and uniform pricing, (2012) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 7 (2), pp. 4236-4248.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize