New Passive Islanding Detection Method Based on Cumulative Sum of Change in Voltage Positive Sequence Phase Angle

H. Laaksonen(1*)

(1) ABB Oy, Medium Voltage Products, Vaasa, Finland
(*) Corresponding author


DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)

Abstract


A large non-detection zone near a power balance situation and unwanted distributed generation tripping due to other network events have been the major drawbacks of traditional, passive local islanding detection methods. Usually these traditional methods have also been dependent on the type of the distributed generation unit. In this paper new improved passive, local islanding detection method based on cumulative sum (CS) of change or rate-of-change in voltage positive sequence phase angle is proposed for distributed generation (DG) units and example simulation results are presented. The usage of CS for islanding detection is beneficial because it enables faster islanding detection especially when power unbalance is small and the variable used for islanding detection oscillates after islanding. In addition, the proposed new islanding detection method is not dependent from DG unit type, has smaller non-detection zone (NDZ) and is less susceptible to nuisance tripping as well as can detect islanding faster than the traditional passive islanding detection methods.
Copyright © 2013 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Distributed Generation; Islanding Detection; Loss-of-Mains Protection; Anti-Islanding; Islanding; Smart Grids

Full Text:

PDF


References


H. Laaksonen, Technical Solutions for Low-Voltage Microgrid Concept, Ph.D. dissertation, Faculty of Technology, Dept. Elect. and Energy Eng., Univ. Vaasa, Vaasa, Finland, 2011. [Online]. Available: http://www.uva.fi/materiaali/pdf/isbn_978-952-476-345-5.pdf

Laaksonen, H., Kauhaniemi, K., Smart protection concept for LV microgrid, (2010) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 5 (2), pp. 578-592.

H. Laaksonen, Protection Principles for Future Microgrids, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 25, December 2010, pp. 2910 – 2918.

H. Laaksonen, F. Suomi, New Functionalities and Features of IEDs to Realize Active Control and Protection of Smart Grids, The 22nd International Conference on Electricity Distribution ~CIRED 2013~, June 10-13, 2013, Stockholm, Sweden.

O. Rintamäki, K. Kauhaniemi, Applying modern communication technology to loss-of-mains protection, The 20th International Conference on Electricity Distribution ~CIRED 2009~, June 8-11, 2009, Prague, Czech.

F. Coffele, P. Moore, C. Booth, A. Dyśko, G. Burt, Centralised Loss of Mains protection using IEC-61850, The 10th IET International Conference on Developments in Power System Protection ~DPSP 2010~, March 29-April 1, 2010, Manchester, United Kingdom.

A. Timbus, A. Oudalov, C.N.M. Ho, Islanding detection in smart grids, The Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, September 12-16, 2010, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

C. B. Cooper, Standby generation problems and prospective gains from parallel running, The International Power System Protection Conference, 13-14 September, 1989, Singapore.

M. A. Redfern, O. Usta, G. Fielding, Protection against loss of utility grid supply for a dispersed storage and generation unit, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 8, July 1993, pp. 948 – 954.

O. Usta, M. A. Redfern, J. I. Barrett, Protection of dispersed storage and generation units against islanding, The 7th Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference, April 12-14, 1994, Antalya, Turkey.

M. A. Redfern, J. I. Barrett, O. Usta, A new loss of grid protection based on power measurements, The 6th International Conference on Developments in Power System Protection ~DPSP 1997~, March 25-27, 1997, Johannesburg, South Africa.

S. K. Salman, D. J. King, G. Weller, New loss of mains detection algorithm for embedded generation using rate of change of voltage and changes in power factors, The 7th International Conference on Developments in Power System Protection ~DPSP 2001~, April 9-12, 2001, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

S. K. Salman, Detection of embedded generator islanding condition using elliptical trajectory technique, The 6th International Conference on Developments in Power System Protection ~DPSP 1997~, March 25-27, 1997, Johannesburg, South Africa.

F. Pai, S. Huang, A detection algorithm of islanding prevention of dispersed consumer-owned storage and generating units, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 16, December 2001, pp. 346 – 351.

X. Ding, P. A. Crossley, D. J. Morrow, Islanding Detection for Distributed Generation, Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, vol. 2, March 2007, pp. 19 – 28.

C. F. Ten, P. A. Crossley, Evaluation of Rocof Relay Performances on Networks with Distributed Generation, The 9th International Conference on Developments in Power System Protection ~DPSP 2008~, March 17-20, 2008, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom.

S. I. Jang, K. H. Kim, A new islanding detection algorithm for distributed generations interconnected with utility networks, The 8th International Conference on Developments in Power System Protection ~DPSP 2004~, April 5-8, 2004, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

S. I. Jang, K. H. Kim, An islanding detection method for distributed generations using voltage unbalance and total harmonic distortion of current, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 19, April 2004, pp. 745 – 752.

P. Mahat, Z. Chen, B. Bak-Jensen, Review of Islanding Detection Methods for Distributed Generation, The Third International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies ~DRPT 2008~, April 6-9, 2008, Nanjing, China.

V. Menon, M. H. Nehrir, A hybrid islanding detection technique using voltage unbalance and frequency set point, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 22, February 2007, pp. 442 – 448.

S. I. Jang, K. H. Kim, Development of a logical rule-based islanding detection method for distributed resources, The IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, January 27-31, 2002, New York, NY, USA.

M. Hanif, M. Basu, K. Gaughan, A Discussion of Anti-islanding Protection Schemes Incorporated in a Inverter Based DG, The 10th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering ~EEEIC 2011~, May 8-11, 2011, Rome, Italy.

H. Kabayashi, K. Takigawa, E. Hashimato, Method for preventing islanding phenomenon on utility grid with a number of small scale PV systems, The Second IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, October 7-11, 1991, Las Vegas, NV, USA.

J. Saeed, Loi Lei Lai, DG Operation Detection Methods in Combination of Harmonics Protection Schemes, The IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies EUROPE ~ISGT Europe 2011~, December 5-7, 2011, Manchester, UK.

P. Mahat, Zhe Chen, B. Bak-Jensen, A Hybrid Islanding Detection Technique Using Average Rate of Voltage Change and Real Power Shift, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 24, April 2009, pp. 764 – 771.

H. H. Zeineldin, J. L. Kirtley, A Simple Technique for Islanding Detection With Negligible Nondetection Zone, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 24, April 2009, pp. 779 – 786.

S. R. Samantaray, A. Samui, B. C. Babu, S-transform based cumulative sum detector (CUSUM) for islanding detection in Distributed Generations, Joint International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems ~PEDES~ & 2010 Power India, December 20-23, 2010, New Delhi, India.

A. Wahlroos, J. Altonen, U. Uggla, D. Wall, Application of Novel Cumulative Phasor Sum Measurement into Earth-fault Protection in Compensated MV-networks, The 22nd International Conference on Electricity Distribution ~CIRED 2013~, June 10-13, 2013, Stockholm, Sweden.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize