Fuzzy Based Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm for Optimal Location of FACTS Devices in a Power System
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This paper presents a Multi Objective Evolutionary Algorithm (MOEA) to solve nonlinear power system optimization problem. The optimization is done with three variables; choice, location and rating of FACTS devices. The targeted technical objectives are; to control the power flow, increase the transmission line capability to its maximum thermal limits, to keep the voltages within limits while minimizing losses. The parameters of objectives are optimized independently and then the formulation of a nonlinear constrained multi-objective optimization problem is done while carrying out concurrent optimization taking two and three objectives. A Fuzzy min max approach is incorporated to reduce the best solution out of non dominated Pareto optimal set. Assessments have been done on IEEE 14 and IEEE 30 bus system for different loading conditions with two devices SVC and TCSC modeled in steady state and the results affirm the potency of the propound approach.
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