Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Improving Super Grid Performances Using Multifunctional FACTS Controller

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



Super Grid is a grid that enables to transfer huge quantity of electricity produced by renewable sources from the production places, located in remote regions, like ocean coasts and Sahara desert, to the consumptions centers. Innovative solutions with HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) and FACTS (Flexible AC Transmission Systems) have the potential to improve static and dynamic performance of long transmission lines supporting such power flow. In this paper, the model of a switching-converter based controllers, designed in an appropriate flexible and convertible configuration, defined as Multifunctional FACTS Controller (MFC) is proposed. MFC is able to implement the control action of different FACTS devices such as SSSC, STATCOM, UPFC and IPFC. Moreover, in order to improve its performance it is equipped with Fuzzy controllers previously successfully implemented by the authors for the UPFC and IPFC. The simulation results show as the proposed MFC is able to improve the static and dynamic system performances in terms of voltage and current in long transmission lines.
Copyright © 2013 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Super Grid; FACTS; Power Flow Control; Fuzzy Logic

Full Text:



ENTSO-E, Study Roadmap Towards a Modular Development Plan on Pan-European Electricity Highways System, Brussels, May 2011.

ENTSO-E, Ten-Year Network Development Plan 2010-2020, Brussels, Jun. 28, 2010.

European Technology Platform Smart Grids Vision and Strategy for Europe's Electricity Networks of the Future, Luxembourg, Belgium, 2006.

Hammons, T.J.; Lescale, V.F.; Uecker, K.; Haeusler, M.; Retzmann, D.; Staschus, K.; Lepy, S., "State of the Art in Ultrahigh-Voltage Transmission," Proceedings of the IEEE, vol.100, no.2, pp.360,390, Feb. 2012.

J.W. Feltes, B.D. Gemmell, and D. Retzmann "From Smart Grid to Super Grid: Solutions with HVDC and FACTS for Grid Access of Renewable Energy Sources", The IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 2011 , 24-29 July 2011.

G. Beck, D. Povh, D. Retzmann, and E. Teltsch, B "Use of HVDC and FACTS for power system interconnection and grid enhancement", The Power-Gen Middle East, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, Jan. 30-Feb. 1, 2006, p. 33.

Rahimzadeh, S., Bina, M.T., Planning required for FACTS devices to improve the steady state efficiency of restructured power systems: A review, (2009) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 4 (3), pp. 417-424.

O. A. Giddani1, G. P. Adam2, O. Anaya-Lara3, G. Burt and K. L. Lo "Control Strategies of VSC-HVDC Transmission System for Wind Power Integration to Meet GB Grid Code Requirements", in The Speedam (International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion) 2010, Pisa, 14-16 June, 2010.

L. Gyugyi, "Application Characteristics of Converter-based FACTS Controllers", PowerCon 2000, Perth, Western Australia, 4-7 Dec..

N.G. Hingorani, L.Gyugi, "Understanding FACTS", IEEE Press 1999.

B. M. Zhang, Q.F.Ding "The development of FACTS and its control", The APSCOM-97, Hong Kong, November 1997, pp. 48-53.

Sadikovic, R. , Andersson, G., A power flow control strategy for facts devices", World Automation Congress, 2004, June 28-July 1, 2004

Alonso, M., Amarís, H., Chindris, M., A novel genetic algorithm for the coordinated optimal reactive power dispatch in power systems with wind farms and FACTS, (2011) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 6 (2), pp. 826-835.

Kazemi, A., Sohrforouzani, M.V. "Power system damping using fuzzy controlled FACTS devices", International Conference on Power System Technology, PowerCon 2004. , Singapore, 21-24 Nov., 2004

Wei Qiao, Harley, R.G. and Venayagamoorthy, G.K. "Neural-network-based intelligent control for improving dynamic performance of FACTS devices, Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control - Revitalizing Operational Reliability", IREP Symposium 2007, 19-24 Aug., 2007.

Tapia, O.R., Zuiga, H.P. and Ramirez, J.M. "Neural-based Predictive Control Applied to FACTS Devices", 38th North American Power Symposium NAPS 2006, 17-19 Sept., 2006.

D. Menniti, A. Pinnarelli, N. Sorrentino "A fuzzy logic controlled UPFC model implemented by ATP-EMTP", PowerCon 2000, Perth, Western Australia, 4-7 Dec..

D. Menniti, A. Pinnarelli, N. Sorrentino: "A fuzzy logic controller for Interline Power Flow controller model implemented by ATP-EMTP", POWERCON 2002, Kunming, China, 13- 17 Oct..

H. W. Dommel, Electro Magnetic Transient Program, Reference Manual (EMTP theory Book), August 1986.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize