Modeling of PV Standalone Microgrid Based on IEEE Standards, 1562-2007, 1361-2003 and 1013-2007

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations

DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)


Rooftop solar panels and solar farms has become popular as a means of generating green and emission free electric energy. A standalone Microgrid is fully controlled by sophisticated controlling scheme and ready to contribute to utility grid. A standalone solar Microgrid is an economic solution in residential area as well in far off location. It consists of PV panels, DC/DC converters, storage blocks, MPPT controller, Inverter, main controller and loads. A standalone PV system has two stages design. In power stage, all components will properly be sized to supply demand loads. Control stage contains all controllers to meet the predefined requirements. There is plenty of research on each individual element; however, for system integrator there are only a few studies which have considered the whole system. This study tries to show a systematic step design for Photovoltaic-based (PV) Microgrid. All power and control design stages will be discussed. IEEE standards and recommendation for standalone PV grid and storage banks (batteries) are used as guideline.
Copyright © 2013 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


MPPT; PV; Solar Cell; DC/DC Converter; Inverter; Filter; FLC; PI; Matlab/Simulink

Full Text:



Chowdhury, S., S.P. Chowdhury, and P. Crossley, Microgrids and Active Distribution Networks.(Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2009).

Bauer, P., L.E. Weldemariam, and E. Raijen. Stand-alone microgrids. (Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC), IEEE 33rd International, 2011).

Rukonuzzaman, M. and M. Nakaoka. Fuzzy logic current controller for three-phase voltage source PWM-inverters. ( Industry Applications Conference. Conference Record of the 2000 IEEE. 2000).

Ayob, S.M., N.A. Azli, and Z. Salam. PWM inverter regulation using Single Input Fuzzy Logic Controller. ( Power and Energy Conference. PECon 2008. IEEE 2nd International, 2008).

Gow, J.A. and C.D. Manning. Development of a model for photovoltaic arrays suitable for use in simulation studies of solar energy conversion systems. (Power Electronics and Variable Speed Drives. Sixth International Conference on (Conf. Publ. No. 429), 1996).

Mohammad Seifi, A.B.C.S., Noor Izzri b.Abd. Wahab, Mohd khair B.Hassan, A comparitive study of Pv models in matlab/Simulink, (ICEE 2013. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology Kuala Lumpur. p. 67).

Suntech, STP-DS-STD-N01.01 Rev 2008.(Suntech PV manufacture,, 2008).

Sera, D., R. Teodorescu, and P. Rodriguez. PV panel model based on datasheet values. (Industrial Electronics. ISIE 2007. IEEE International Symposium on, 2007).

Jordana, B., Grid Connected PV Iinverters: Modelling and Simulation, ( Master Dissertation, p. 92, 2011).

Khaligh, A. and O.C. Onar, Energy Harvesting: Solar, Wind, and Ocean Energy Conversion Systems. ( CRC Press,2009).

Trishan Esram, P.L.C., Comparison of Photovoltaic Array Maximum Power Point Tracking Techniques.(IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 2007. 22(2): p. 11).

Pieree Giroux, G.S., Carlos Osotio,Shripad Chandrachood, Grid Connected PV array. (Hydro-Quebec Research Institute(IREQ), The Mathworks ,2010).

IEEE Guide for Array and Battery Sizing in Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems. (IEEE Std 1562-2007, 2008: p. i-22).

IEEE Guide for Selection, Charging, Test, and Evaluation of Lead-Acid Batteries Used in Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems. (IEEE Std 1361-2003, 2003: p. 0_1-26).

IEEE Recommended Practice for Sizing Lead-Acid Batteries for Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems. (IEEE Std 1013-2007 (Revision of IEEE Std 1013-2000), p. 1-54).

Daowd, M., Omar, N., Van Den Bossche, P., Van Mierlo, J., A comparative study of battery models parameter estimation, (2012) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 7 (4), pp. 4915-4924.

IEEE Recommended Practice for Sizing Lead-Acid Batteries for Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (PV) Systems - Redline. (IEEE Std 1013-2007 (Revision of IEEE Std 1013-2000) - Redline, p. 1-58, 2007).

IEEE Recommended Practice for Sizing Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications. (IEEE Std 485-2010 (Revision of IEEE Std 485-1997), 2011: p. 1-90).

Nehrir, H. and C. Wang, Modeling and Control of Fuel Cells: Distributed Generation Applications, (Wiley,2009).

Chien Liang, C., et al. State-space modeling, analysis, and implementation of paralleled inverters for microgrid applications. (Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Twenty-Fifth Annual IEEE, 2010).

Heising, C., et al. Multivariable pole-placement control design for a single-phase 50-kW, 16.7-Hz railway traction line-side converter. (Power Engineering, Energy and Electrical Drives. POWERENG '09. International Conference on, 2009).

Jia, Y., D. Liu, and S. Pan. Improved droop control of parallel inverter system in standalone microgrid. (Power Electronics and ECCE Asia (ICPE & ECCE) IEEE 8th International Conference on, 2011).

Nejati, A., A. Nobakhti, and H. Karimi. Multivariable control strategy for autonomous operation of a converter-based distributed generation system. (Power Systems Conference and Exposition (PSCE), IEEE/PES,2011).

Ayob, S.M., Azli, N.A., Salam, Z., Single input PI-fuzzy controller for single phase inverter system, (2008) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 3 (3), pp. 418-425.

Hilloowala, R.M. and A.M. Sharaf. A rule-based fuzzy logic controller for a PWM inverter (photo-voltaic energy conversion scheme. in Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting. Conference Record of the 1992 IEEE, 1992).

Hilloowala, R.M. and A.M. Sharaf. A rule-based fuzzy logic controller for a PWM inverter in a stand alone wind energy conversion scheme. (Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting Conference Record of the 1993 IEEE, 1993).

Chao, M. and H. Dagui. Comparative study of PI controller and fuzzy logic controller for three-phase grid-connected inverter. (Mechatronics and Automation (ICMA) International Conference on, 2011).

Negnevitsky, M., Artificial intelligence: a guide to intelligent systems.(Addison-Wesley Longman, 2005).

Hyosung Kim , S.-K.S., A Novel Filter Design for Output LC Filters of PWM Inverters. (Journal of Power Electronics. Vol. 11(No. 1): p. 8, 2011).

Zong, X., A Single Phase Grid Connected DC/AC Inverter with Reactive Power Control for Residential PV Application, ( Electrical and Computer Engineering. University of Toronto: Toronto. p. 89,2011).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize