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Study of the MHD Flow of Casson Nanofluid in the Presence of Oxides Nanoparticles Based C2H6O2/H2O Under Constant Heat Flux Boundary Condition

Feras M. Al Faqih(1), Mohammed Z. Swalmeh(2), Sulaiman Mohammed Ibrahim(3*), Hebah G. Bani Saeed(4), Hamzeh T. Alkasasbeh(5), E. Al Sarairah(6)

(1) Department of Mathematics, Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, Jordan
(2) Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Aqaba University of Technology, Jordan
(3) Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia
(4) Ministry of education, Jordan
(5) Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Ajloun National University, Jordan
(6) Department of Mathematics, Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, Jordan
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/ireme.v15i3.20428

Abstract


In this study, a numerical investigation of free convection in magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) Casson nanofluid flow with heat transfer over a stretching sheet and with constant heat flux boundary condition is done. A magnetic field is considered normal to the stretching sheet. Two types of nanoparticles with various conductivities, such as iron oxide and graphene oxide are suspended in ethylene glycol/water-based Casson nanofluid. An implicit finite difference scheme known as Keller-box method has been employed in order to solve the set of nonlinear partial differential equations resulted from the governing equations, namely continuity, momentum, and energy equations. The effects of the MHD Casson nanofluids parameters on the physical properties such that local skin friction coefficient, local Nusselt number, velocity, and temperature have been displayed and discussed. The study has revealed that ethylene glycol has higher velocity and less temperature than water with different values of nanoparticle volume fraction, magnetic, and Casson parameters with the existence of Fe3O4/GO nanoparticles. Comparisons with previous studies show that the proposed method is in good agreement with other results.
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Keywords


Casson Fluid; Nanofluid; Magneto-Hydrodynamic; Stretching Sheet; Ethylene Glycol

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References


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