Investigation on Failure Strength of Bolted Joints Woven Fabric Reinforced Hybrid Composite
Understanding of composite bolted joint behaviour is vital since it has been widely used in application involving mechanically fastened joints. The advent of advanced technology had led to the use of hybrid composite to reduce the usage of non-environment friendly material such as synthetic fibre. This current study aims to investigate the effect of geometric parameters on the failure load of bolted joint hybrid composite laminate. Composite laminates were fabricated using hot press moulding compression method and they were cut according to the appropriate dimension with the width/diameter (W/D) and edge-distance/diameter (E/D) ratio of 3, 4, 5 and 6. The hole diameter of each composite laminate was fixed at 6 mm. Bolted joint tests were conducted in accordance to ASTM D5961 using the Universal Testing Machine and several failure modes were identified. The results concluded geometric parameters significantly affect both failure load and failure mode of hybrid composites. The increase in W/D and E/D ratio increase the load carrying capability of the laminate.
Copyright © 2017 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.
D. Sivakumar, L. F. Ng, J. W. Ng, M. Z. Selamat and Sivaraos, Failure Analysis of Hybrid Fibre Reinforced Plastics for Bolted Joint under Thermal Effect, Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 1, n. 1, pp. 141-156, 2017.
F. Sen, M. Pakdil, O. Sayman, and S. Benli, Experimental Failure Analysis of Mechanically Fastened Joints with Clearance in Composite Laminates under Preload, Materials & Design, Vol. 29, pp. 1159-1169, 2008.
M. A. Che Mahzan, S. D. Malingam, Sivaraos, M. Z. Selamat, and M. R. Said, A Study on the Mechanical and Forming Performance of Oil Palm Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composite, American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, Vol. 8, n. 4, pp. 141-147, 2014.
D. Sivakumar, L. F. Ng, M. Z. Selamat and Sivaraos, Investigation on Fatigue Life Behaviour of Sustainable Bio-based Fibre Metal Laminate, Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 1, n. 1, pp. 123-140, 2017.
D. Sivakumar, L. F. Ng, S. M. Lau and K. T. Lim, Fatigue Life Behaviour of Glass/Kenaf Woven-Ply Polymer Hybrid Biocomposites, Journal of Polymer and the Environment. Epub ahead of print 24 February 2017.
H. Ku, H. Wang, N. Pattarachaiyakoop, and M. Trada, A Review on the Tensile Properties of Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites, Composite Part B: Engineering, Vol. 42, n. 4, pp. 856-873, 2011.
K. Adekunle, S. W. Cho, C. Patzelt, T. Blomfeldt, and M. Skrifvars, Impact and Flexural Properties of Flax Fabrics and Lyocell Fiber-reinfored bio-based Thermoset, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Vol. 30, n. 8, pp. 685-697, 2011.
S. Rassmann, R. Paskaramoorthy, and R. Reid, Effect of Resin System on the Mechanical Properties and Water Absorption of Kenaf Fibre Reinforced Laminates, Materials & Design, Vol. 32, n. 3, pp. 1399-1406, 2011.
A. Ratna Prasad, and K. Mohana Rao, Mechanical Properties of Natural Fibre Reinforced Polyester Composites: Jowar, Sisal and Bamboo, Materials & Design, Vol. 32, n. 8, pp. 4658-4663, 2011.
D. Sivakumar, S. Kathiravan, M. Z. Selamat, M. R. Said and Sivaraos, A Study on Impact Behaviour of a Novel Oil Palm Fibre Reinforced Metal Laminate System, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 11, n. 4, pp. 2483-2488, 2016.
S. DharMalingam, M. H. R. Hashim, M. R. Said, A. Rivai, M. A. Daud, Sivaraos, M. A. Che Mahzan, Effect of Reprocessing Palm Fiber Composite on the Mechanical Properties, Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 699, pp. 146-150, 2015.
M. J. Sharba, Z. Leman, M. T. H. Sultan, M. R. Ishak, and M. A. Azmah Hanim, Effects of Kenaf Fiber Orientation on Mechanical Properties and Fatigue Life of Glass/Kenaf Hybrid Composites, BioResources, Vol. 11, n. 1, pp. 1448-1465, 2016.
J. Holbery and D. Houston, Natural-Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites in Automotive Applications, The Journal of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Vol. 58, n. 11, pp. 80-86, 2006.
N. M. Ishak, S. D. Malingam, M. R. Mansor, Selection of Natural Fibre Reinforced Composites Using Fuzzy VIKOR for Car Front Hood, International of Materials and Product Technology, Vol. 53, n. ¾, pp. 267-285, 2016.
N. Venkateswaran, A. Elayaperumal, and G. K. Sathiya, Prediction of Tensile Properties of Hybrid-Natural Fiber Composites, Composite Part B: Engineering, Vol. 43, n. 2, pp.793-796, 2012.
K. I. Tserpes, G. Labeas, P. Papanikos, and T. Kermanidis, Strength Prediction of Bolted Joints in Graphite / Epoxy Composite Laminates, Composite Part B: Engineering, Vol. 33, n. 7, pp. 521-529, 2002.
B. G. Kiral, Effect of the Clearance and Interference-Fit on Failure of the Pin-Loaded Composites, Materials & Design, Vol. 31, n. 1, pp. 85-93, 2010.
I. F. Soykok, O. Sayman, M. Ozen, and B. Korkmaz, Failure Analysis of Mechanically Fastened Glass Fiber/Epoxy Composite Joints under Thermal Effects, Composite Part B: Engineering, Vol. 45, n. 1, pp. 192-199, 2013.
M. Ozen, and O. Sayman, Failure Loads of Mechanical Fastened Pinned and Bolted Composite Joints with Two Serial Holes, Composite Part B: Engineering, Vol. 42, n. 2, pp. 264-274, 2011.
B. Okutan, The Effects of Geometric Parameters on the Failure Strength for Pin-Loaded Multi-Directional Fibre-Glass Reinforced Epoxy Laminate, Composite Part B: Engineering, Vol. 33, n. 8, pp. 567-578, 2002.
K. J. Jadee, Progressive Failure Analysis and Failure Map into Plain Weave Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer Bolted Joint, American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 3, n. 2, pp. 21-28, 2015.
D. Sivakumar, L.F. Ng and N.S. Salmi, Eco-Hybrid Composite Failure Behavior of Two Serial Bolted Joint Holes, Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 7, n. 1, pp. 114-124, 2016.
U. A. Khashaba, T. A. Sebaey, and K. A. Alnefaie, Failure and Reliability Analysis of Pinned-Joint Composite Laminates: Effects of Stacking Sequences, Composite Part B: Engineering, Vol. 45, n. 1, pp. 1694-1703, 2013.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Please send any question about this web site to email@example.com
Copyright © 2005-2020 Praise Worthy Prize