### A Review of Piezoelectric Vibration Energy Harvesting Techniques

^{(*)}

*Corresponding author*

**DOI's assignment:**

*the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!*

**Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)**

#### Abstract

In this paper, recent published techniques for vibration energy harvesting with piezoelectric materials have been summarized. The various techniques described are classified in terms of linear and nonlinear vibration energy harvesters, harvesting electrical circuits, large scale vibration energy harvesting concept. The focus is on linear vibration energy harvester but with multiple resonant mode models. The paper concluded with an overview of vibration energy harvesting techniques that aim to maximize the extracted power and the future utilization of the vibration energy harvester.

*Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.*#### Keywords

#### Full Text:

PDF#### References

S. Roundy, P. K. Wright, and J. Rabaey, "A study of low level vibrations as a power source for wireless sensor nodes," Computer Communications, 2003.

H. B. Radousky and H. Liang, "Energy harvesting: an integrated view of materials, devices and applications," Nanotechnology, vol. 23, p. 502001, Dec 21 2012.

Y. Zhang, S. C. Cai, and L. Deng, "Piezoelectric-based energy harvesting in bridge systems," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 2013.

S. G. Taylor, G. Park, K. M. Farinholt, and M. D. Todd, "Diagnostics for piezoelectric transducers under cyclic loads deployed for structural health monitoring applications," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 22, p. 025024, 2013.

T. J. Arsenault, A. Achuthan, P. Marzocca, C. Grappasonni, and G. Coppotelli, "Development of a FBG based distributed strain sensor system for wind turbine structural health monitoring," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 22, p. 075027, 2013.

M. Wischke, M. Masur, M. Kröner, and P. Woias, "Vibration harvesting in traffic tunnels to power wireless sensor nodes," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 20, p. 085014, 2011.

G. Park, T. Rosing, M. D. Todd, C. R. Farrar, and W. Hodgkiss, "Energy harvesting for structural health monitoring sensor networks," Journal of Infrastructure Systems, vol. 14, pp. 64-79, 2008.

Sarangi, S.K., Basa, B., Active vibration control of smart composite shells, (2013) International Review of Mechanical Engineering (IREME), 7 (7), pp. 1392-1401.

Gudarzi, M., Oveisi, A., Mohammadi, M.M., Robust active vibration control of a rectangular piezoelectric laminate flexible thin plate: An LMI-based approach, (2012) International Review of Mechanical Engineering (IREME), 6 (6), pp. 1217-1227.

C. B. Williams and R. B. Yates, "Analysis of a micro-electric generator for microsystems," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, vol. 52, pp. 8-11, 1996.

N. G. Elvin and A. A. Elvin, "An experimentally validated electromagnetic energy harvester," Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 330, pp. 2314-2324, May 9 2011.

R. L. Harne, "Modeling and analysis of distributed electromagnetic oscillators for broadband vibration attenuation and concurrent energy harvesting," Applied Mathematical Modelling, vol. 37, pp. 4360-4370, 2013.

A. R. M. Foisal, C. Hong, and G.-S. Chung, "Multi-frequency electromagnetic energy harvester using a magnetic spring cantilever," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, vol. 182, pp. 106-113, 2012.

M. Wischke, M. Masur, F. Goldschmidtboeing, and P. Woias, "Electromagnetic vibration harvester with piezoelectrically tunable resonance frequency," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 20, p. 035025, 2010.

I. Sari, T. Balkan, and H. Kulah, "An electromagnetic micro power generator for wideband environmental vibrations," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, vol. 145-146, pp. 405-413, Jul-Aug 2008.

S. P. Beeby, R. N. Torah, M. J. Tudor, P. Glynne-Jones, T. O'Donnell, C. R. Saha, et al., "A micro electromagnetic generator for vibration energy harvesting," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 17, pp. 1257-1265, 2007.

P. Bisegna, G. Caruso, and G. Vairo, "Coupled optimization of tuned-mass energy harvesters accounting for host structure dynamics," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 2013.

C. P. Le, E. Halvorsen, O. Sorasen, and E. M. Yeatman, "Microscale electrostatic energy harvester using internal impacts," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 23, pp. 1409-1421, 2012.

M. E. Kiziroglou, C. He, and E. M. Yeatman, "Rolling Rod Electrostatic Microgenerator," IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, vol. 56, pp. 1101-1008, 2009.

M. R. Ahmad, M. H. M. Khir, J. O. Dennis, and A. M. Zain, "Fabrication and characterization of the electrets material for electrostatic energy harvester," Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 476, p. 012120, 2013.

A. Adly, D. Davino, A. Giustiniani, and C. Visone, "Experimental tests of a magnetostrictive energy harvesting device toward its modeling," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 107, p. 09A935, 2010.

L. Wang and F. G. Yuan, "Vibration energy harvesting by magnetostrictive material," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 17, p. 045009, 2008.

V. Berbyuk and J. Sodhani, "Towards modelling and design of magnetostrictive electric generators," Computers & Structures, vol. 86, pp. 307-313, 2008.

S. R. Anton and H. A. Sodano, "A review of power harvesting using piezoelectric materials (2003–2006)," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 16, pp. R1-R21, 2007.

H. A. Sodano, D. J. Inman, and G. Park, "A Review of Power Harvesting from Vibration Using Piezoelectric Materials," The Shock and Vibration Digest, vol. 36, pp. 197-205, 2004.

S.-C. Lin and W.-J. Wu, "Piezoelectric micro energy harvesters based on stainless-steel substrates," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 22, p. 045016, 2013.

X. Wang and L. Lin, "Dimensionless optimization of piezoelectric vibration energy harvesters with different interface circuits," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 22, p. 085011, 2013.

S. Saadon and O. Sidek, "A review of vibration-based MEMS piezoelectric energy harvesters," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 52, pp. 500-504, Jan 2011.

K. A. Cook-Chennault, N. Thambi, and A. M. Sastry, "Powering MEMS portable devices—a review of non-regenerative and regenerative power supply systems with special emphasis on piezoelectric energy harvesting systems," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 17, p. 043001, 2008.

J. R. Liang and W. H. Liao, "Impedance Modeling and Analysis for Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Systems," Mechatronics, IEEE/ASME Transactions on, vol. 17, pp. 1145-1157, 2012.

H. Wang and L. Zou, "Interfacial effect on the electromechanical behaviors of piezoelectric/elastic composite smart beams," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 24, pp. 421-430, 2012.

Q. Wang and N. Wu, "Optimal design of a piezoelectric coupled beam for power harvesting," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 21, p. 085013, 2012.

M. Stewart, P. M. Weaver, and M. Cain, "Charge redistribution in piezoelectric energy harvesters," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 100, p. 073901, 2012.

A. Abdelkefi, N. Barsallo, L. Tang, Y. Yang, and M. R. Hajj, "Modeling, validation, and performance of low-frequency piezoelectric energy harvesters," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 2013.

J. M. Dietl and E. Garcia, "Beam Shape Optimization for Power Harvesting," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 21, pp. 633-646, 2010.

M. W. Shafer, M. Bryant, and E. Garcia, "Designing maximum power output into piezoelectric energy harvesters," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 21, p. 109601, 2012.

J. Wang, Z. Shi, and Z. Han, "Analytical solution of piezoelectric composite stack transducers," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 24, pp. 1626-1636, 2013.

I.-H. Kim, H.-J. Jung, B. M. Lee, and S.-J. Jang, "Broadband energy-harvesting using a two degree-of-freedom vibrating body," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 98, p. 214102, 2011.

Q. Ou, X. Chen, S. Gutschmidt, A. Wood, N. Leigh, and A. F. Arrieta, "An experimentally validated double-mass piezoelectric cantilever model for broadband vibration-based energy harvesting," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 23, pp. 117-126, 2012.

W. Zhou, G. R. Penamalli, and L. Zuo, "An efficient vibration energy harvester with a multi-mode dynamic magnifier," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 21, p. 015014, 2012.

O. Aldraihem and A. Baz, "Energy Harvester with a Dynamic Magnifier," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 22, pp. 521-530, 2011.

H. Liu, Z. Huang, T. Xu, and D. Chen, "Enhancing output power of a piezoelectric cantilever energy harvester using an oscillator," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 21, p. 065004, 2012.

H. Wu, L. Tang, Y. Yang, and C. K. Soh, "A novel two-degrees-of-freedom piezoelectric energy harvester," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 24, pp. 357-368, 2012.

L. Tang and Y. Yang, "A multiple-degree-of-freedom piezoelectric energy harvesting model," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 23, pp. 1631-1647, 2012.

S.-C. Huang and K.-A. Lin, "A novel design of a map-tuning piezoelectric vibration energy harvester," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 21, p. 085014, 2012.

X. He, Z. Shang, Y. Cheng, and Y. Zhu, "A micromachined low-frequency piezoelectric harvester for vibration and wind energy scavenging," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 23, p. 125009, 2013.

L. M. Miller, E. Halvorsen, T. Dong, and P. K. Wright, "Modeling and experimental verification of low-frequency MEMS energy harvesting from ambient vibrations," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 21, p. 045029, 2011.

R. Elfrink, T. M. Kamel, M. Goedbloed, S. Matova, D. Hohlfeld, Y. van Andel, et al., "Vibration energy harvesting with aluminum nitride-based piezoelectric devices," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 19, p. 094005, 2009.

D. Shen, J.-H. Park, J. Ajitsaria, S.-Y. Choe, H. C. Wikle, and D.-J. Kim, "The design, fabrication and evaluation of a MEMS PZT cantilever with an integrated Si proof mass for vibration energy harvesting," Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, vol. 18, p. 055017, 2008.

I. Kuehne, A. Frey, D. Marinkovic, G. Eckstein, and H. Seidel, "Power MEMS—A capacitive vibration-to-electrical energy converter with built-in voltage," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, vol. 142, pp. 263-269, 2008.

G. D. Pasquale, A. Somà, and F. Fraccarollo, "Comparison between piezoelectric and magnetic strategies for wearable energy harvesting," Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 476, p. 012097, 2013.

X. Tang and L. Zuo, "Vibration energy harvesting from random force and motion excitations," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 21, p. 075025, 2012.

Y. Zhang and C. S. Cai, "A retrofitted energy harvester for low frequency vibrations," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 21, p. 075007, 2012.

L. Gu, "Low-frequency piezoelectric energy harvesting prototype suitable for the MEMS implementation," Microelectronics Journal, vol. 42, pp. 277-282, 2011.

H. Vocca and F. Cottone, "Kinetic Energy Harvesting," in ICT - Energy - Concepts Towards Zero - Power Information and Communication Technology, G. Fagas, L. Grammaitoni, D. Paul, and G. A. Berini, Eds., ed, 2014, pp. 25-48.

F. Cottone, L. Gammaitoni, H. Vocca, M. Ferrari, and V. Ferrari, "Piezoelectric buckled beams for random vibration energy harvesting," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 21, p. 035021, 2012.

H. Vocca, F. Cottone, I. Neri, and L. Gammaitoni, "A comparison between nonlinear cantilever and buckled beam for energy harvesting," The European Physical Journal Special Topics, vol. 222, pp. 1699-1705, 2013.

R. L. Harne and K. W. Wang, "A review of the recent research on vibration energy harvesting via bistable systems," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 22, p. 023001, 2013.

S. P. Beeby, L. Wang, D. Zhu, A. S. Weddell, G. V. Merrett, B. Stark, et al., "A comparison of power output from linear and nonlinear kinetic energy harvesters using real vibration data," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 22, p. 075022, 2013.

W. Al-Ashtari, M. Hunstig, T. Hemsel, and W. Sextro, "Increasing the power of piezoelectric energy harvesters by magnetic stiffening," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 24, pp. 1332-1342, 2013.

P. Kumar, S. Narayanan, S. Adhikari, and M. I. Friswell, "Fokker–Planck equation analysis of randomly excited nonlinear energy harvester," Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 333, pp. 2040-2053, 2014.

H. Wu, L. Tang, P. V. Avvari, Y. Yang, and C. K. Soh, "Broadband energy harvesting using nonlinear 2-DOF configuration," in Proceedings of SPIE, 2013, p. 86880B.

K. H. Mak, S. McWilliam, A. A. Popov, and C. H. J. Fox, "Performance of a cantilever piezoelectric energy harvester impacting a bump stop," Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 330, pp. 6184-6202, 2011.

K. H. Mak, A. A. Popov, and S. McWilliam, "Experimental model validation for a nonlinear energy harvester incorporating a bump stop," Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 331, pp. 2602-2623, 2012.

M. I. Friswell, S. F. Ali, O. Bilgen, S. Adhikari, A. W. Lees, and G. Litak, "Non-linear piezoelectric vibration energy harvesting from a vertical cantilever beam with tip mass," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 23, pp. 1505-1521, 2012.

G. D. Szarka, B. H. Stark, and S. G. Burrow, "Review of Power Conditioning for Kinetic Energy Harvesting Systems," IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, vol. 27, pp. 803-815, 2012.

J. T. Scruggs, I. L. Cassidy, and S. Behrens, "Multi-objective optimal control of vibratory energy harvesting systems," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 23, pp. 2077-2093, 2012.

X. Han, M. Neubauer, and J. Wallaschek, "Improved piezoelectric switch shunt damping technique using negative capacitance," Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 332, pp. 7-16, 2013.

H. C. Lin, P. H. Wu, I. C. Lien, and Y. C. Shu, "Analysis of an array of piezoelectric energy harvesters connected in series," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 22, p. 094026, 2013.

I. C. Lien and Y. C. Shu, "Array of piezoelectric energy harvesting by the equivalent impedance approach," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 21, p. 082001, 2012.

G. L. Smith, J. S. Pulskamp, L. M. Sanchez, D. M. Potrepka, R. M. Proie, T. G. Ivanov, et al., "PZT-Based Piezoelectric MEMS Technology," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 95, pp. 1777-1792, 2012.

X. Q. Fang, J. X. Liu, and V. Gupta, "Fundamental formulations and recent achievements in piezoelectric nano-structures: a review," Nanoscale, vol. 5, pp. 1716-26, Mar 7 2013.

L. Zuo and X. Tang, "Large-scale vibration energy harvesting," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 24, pp. 1405-1430, 2013.

X. D. Xie, Q. Wang, and N. Wu, "Potential of a piezoelectric energy harvester from sea waves," Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 333, pp. 1421-1429, 2014.

H. J. Xiang, J. J. Wang, Z. F. Shi, and Z. W. Zhang, "Theoretical analysis of piezoelectric energy harvesting from traffic induced deformation of pavements," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 22, p. 095024, 2013.

D. A. van den Ende, H. J. van de Wiel, W. A. Groen, and S. van der Zwaag, "Direct strain energy harvesting in automobile tires using piezoelectric PZT–polymer composites," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 21, p. 015011, 2012.

N. Wu, Q. Wang, and X. Xie, "Wind energy harvesting with a piezoelectric harvester," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 22, p. 095023, 2013.

I. Neri, F. Travasso, R. Mincigrucci, H. Vocca, F. Orfei, and L. Gammaitoni, "A real vibration database for kinetic energy harvesting application," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 23, pp. 2095-2101, 2012.

A. Mathers, K. S. Moon, and J. Yi, "A Vibration-Based PMN-PT Energy Harvester," IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, vol. 9, pp. 731-739, 2009.

L. Zhou, J. Sun, X. J. Zheng, S. F. Deng, J. H. Zhao, S. T. Peng, et al., "A model for the energy harvesting performance of shear mode piezoelectric cantilever," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, vol. 179, pp. 185-192, 2012.

H. Yu, J. Zhou, L. Deng, and Z. Wen, "A vibration-based MEMS piezoelectric energy harvester and power conditioning circuit," Sensors (Basel), vol. 14, pp. 3323-41, 2014.

D. L. Churchill, M. J. Hamel, C. P. Townsend, and S. W. Arms, "Strain energy harvesting for wireless sensor networks," presented at the International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2003.

C. R. Bowen, H. A. Kim, P. M. Weaver, and S. Dunn, "Piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials and structures for energy harvesting applications," Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 7, p. 25, 2014.

H.-B. Fang, J.-Q. Liu, Z.-Y. Xu, L. Dong, L. Wang, D. Chen, et al., "Fabrication and performance of MEMS-based piezoelectric power generator for vibration energy harvesting," Microelectronics Journal, vol. 37, pp. 1280-1284, 2006.

S. Roundy, E. S. Leland, J. Baker, E. Carleton, E. Reilly, E. Lai, et al., "Improving power output for vibration-based energy scavengers," Pervasive Computing, IEEE, vol. 4, pp. 28-36, 2005.

X. Bai, Y. Wen, P. Li, and J. Yang, "Multi-resonant vibration energy harvester using a spiral cantilever beam," presented at the Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2012.

N. M. White, P. Glynne-Jones, and S. P. Beeby, "A novel thick-film piezoelectric micro-generator," Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 10, pp. 850-852, 2001.

T. Zawada, K. Hansen, R. Lou-Moeller, E. Ringgaard, T. Pedersen, and E. V. Thomsen, "High-performance piezoelectric thick film based energy harvesting micro-generators for MEMS," Procedia Engineering, vol. 5, pp. 1164-1167, 2010.

B. Ren, S. W. Or, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhang, X. Li, J. Jiao, et al., "Piezoelectric energy harvesting using shear mode 0.71Pb(Mg[sub 1/3]Nb[sub 2/3])O[sub 3]–0.29PbTiO[sub 3] single crystal cantilever," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 96, p. 083502, 2010.

A. Lei, R. Xu, A. Thyssen, T. L. Christiansen, K. Hansen, R. Lou-Moeller, et al., "MEMS-based thick film PZT vibrational energy harvester," presented at the IEEE 24th International Conference on, 2011.

D. Guyomar, G. Sebald, and H. Kuwano, "Energy Harvester of 1.5 cm3 Giving Output Power of 2.6 mW with Only 1 G Acceleration," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 22, pp. 415-420, 2010.

Sathyanarayanan, S., Vimala Juliet, A., Finite element analysis and modeling of MEMS pressure sensor for intraocular pressure, (2013) International Review of Mechanical Engineering (IREME), 7 (1), pp. 243-247.

M. Houssini, M. El-Khatib, A. Hamié, P. Blondy, K. Abou-Saleh, A. Ghaddar, H. Alaeddine, Design of a Flexible Metamaterial RF MEMS Circuit for Multi-Purpose/ a Tunable Bass-Band Filter, (2013) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 3 (1), pp. 61-67.

M. Houssini, P. Blondy, M. El-Khatib, A. Hamié, M. El-Zoghbi, H. Alaeddine, Concept and Manufacturing of a 2-Pole Digitally Tunable Filter Based on RF MEMS Varactors, (2013) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 3 (2), pp. 102-105.

### Refbacks

- There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com**Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize**