Sandy Soil Improvement Using Acrylic Resin Grout Injection

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations

DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)


This laboratory project aimed to investigate the effect of Acrylic resin (AR) grout injection on improvement of physical and mechanical properties of fine sand. AR grout was prepared by mixing Acrylic resin with water in certain weight percentages (5, 10, 15, 20 and 25%). Fine-grained sand was prepared in three different dry densities (loose, medium and dense) in a cylindrical mould and subjected to this resinous grout injection. Afterwards, one dimensional compression test was performed on grouted samples after passing the curing period. Effect of curing period, soil dry density and the grout concentration were investigated on compressive strength and elastic modulus of treated samples. Experiments demonstrate that increasing the grout concentration leads to compressive strength and elastic modulus enhancement. On the other hand, by increasing AR percent in the grout, loose sand samples presented higher compressive strength and elastic modulus improvement in comparison with medium and dense sand.
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Acrylic Resin; Compressive Strength; Elastic Modulus; Fine Sand; Grouting

Full Text:



C. A. Anagnostopoulos, Laboratory study of an injected granular soil with polymer grouts, Tunneling and Underground Space Technology, Vol. 20(Issue 6):525-533, July 2005.

A. Fransson, Characterization of a fractured rock mass for a grouting filed test, Tunneling and Underground Space Technology, Vol. 16(Issue 4):321-330, October 2001.

H. Cambefort, The principals and applications of grouting, Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, Vol. 10(Issue 2):57-95, May 1997.

Y. Ohama, Handbook of Polymer-Modified Concrete and Mortars: Properties and Process Technology (Noyes Publications, 1995)

R. H. Karol, Chemical grouts and their properties in grouting in geotechnical engineering, Speciality conference, pp. 359-377, New Orleans ,Louisiana, ASCE, , 1982.

C. A. Anagnostopoulos, S. Hadjispyrou, Laboratory study of an epoxy resin grouted sand, Ground Improvement, Vol. 8(Issue 1): 39-45, October 2003.

EM 1110-1-3500, US Army Corps of Engineers, Engineering and Design: Chemical Grouting, Washington, DC 20314-1000, Jan 1995.

R. H. Karol, Chemical Grouting and Soil Stabilization (Marcel Dekker, 2003).

M. H. Maher, J. P. Welsh, High Strain Dynamic Modulus and Damping of Chemically Grouted Sand, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 13(Issue 2):131-138, 1994.

J. C. Zelanko, M. G. Karfakis, Development of a Polyester-Based Pumpable Grout, International journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 34(Issue 3-4):357.e1-357.e13, June 1997.

B. S. Chun, D. S. Ryu, 2000. "A study on application of polyurethane injection material for ground improvement". KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering. Vol 4, No 2, June 2000. pp 113-118

C. A. Anagnostopoulos, Cement–Clay Grouts Modified with Acrylic Resin or Methyl Methacrylate Ester: Physical and Mechanical Properties, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 21 (Issue 2):252-257, February 2007.

S. Barezi, M. Vafaeian, S. M. Abtahi, Study of Physical and Mechanical Properties of a Sandy Soil Improved with Water Soluble Polymers, From Research to Desing in European Practice, Bratislava, Slovak Republic, 2-4 June 2010.

S. Brezi, S. M. Abtahi, M. Vafaeian, Effect of Water Soluble Polymers on Physical and Mechanical Properties of a Sandy Soil, The 4th International conference on Geotechnical Engineering and Soil Mechanics, Tehran. Iran, 2-3Nov 2010.

H. Matinmanesh, S. M. Abtahi, R. Ajalloeian, M. Rowshanzamir, Effect of Acrylic Resin Injection on Improvement of Compressive Strength and Elastic Modulus of Grouted Sand, Bangladesh Geotechnical conference, Natural hazards and countermeasures in Geotechnical Engineering, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Nov 4-5,2010.

H. Matinmanesh. S. M. Abtahi, R. Ajalloeian, A. Rowshanzamir, Laboratory study of fine graded sand improvement using polyvinyl acetate injection, The 4th international conference on Geotechnical Engineering and soil mechanics, Tehran, Iran, 2-3 Nov. 2010.

ASTM Standard D 4320-09, Standard test method for laboratory preparation of chemically grouted soil specimens for obtaining strength parameters, Annual Book of ASTM standards, ASTM international, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009.

ASTM Standard D4219-08, Standard test method for Unconfined Compressive Strength Index of Chemical-Grouted soils, Annual Book of ASTM standards, ASTM international, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize