Seismic Collapse Analysis of Structures Using Explicit Finite Element Method

Aliakbar Shakeri(1*), Khosrow Bargi(2)

(1) School of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
(2) School of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
(*) Corresponding author

DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)


The explicit method for solving dynamic system equation of structures is compared to the implicit methods and its advantages are described. A four story steel structure is subjected to an extreme earthquake and structure is beginning to collapse. The Explicit Finite Element Method (EFEM) is used for the analysis of structure. The seismic behavior of structure is evaluated by following the collapse process of structure. Results show that the EFEM can be simulated the collapse process of structures by predicting the location of collapse initiation and modeling the failure process of elements, joints and members during earthquake.
Copyright © 2015 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Explicit Finite Element Method; Collapse Simulation; Seismic Loading

Full Text:



A. Shakeri and K. Bargi, Simulation methods for evaluating seismic collapse of structures, Technical Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 3, 2013, pp. 2042-2047.

K. Meguro and H. Tagel-Din, Simulation of Buckling and Post-Buckling Behavior of Structures Using Applied Element Method, Bulletin of Earthquake Resistant Structure, vol. 32, 1999.

A. Shakeri and K. Bargi, Use of Applied Element Method for Structural Analysis, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 2014. Available Online:

H. Helmya, H. Salem, and S. Mourad, Progressive collapse assessment of framed reinforced concrete structures according to UFC guidelines for alternative path method, Engineering Structures, vol. 42, 2012, pp. 127–141.

H. M. Salem, A. K. El-Fouly, and H. S. Tagel-Din, Toward an economic design of reinforced concrete structures against progressive collapse, Engineering Structures, vol. 33, 2011, pp. 3341–3350.

K. Bathe, Finite Element Procedures. United States of America: Prentice-Hall, 1996.

H.-H. Choi, S.-M. Hwang, Y. H. Kang, J. Kim, and B. S. Kang, Comparison of Implicit and Explicit Finite-Element Methods for the Hydroforming Process of an Automobile Lower Arm, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 20, 2002, pp. 407-413.

F. J. Harewood and P. E. McHugh, Comparison of the implicit and explicit finite element methods using crystal plasticity, Computational Materials Science, vol. 39, 2007, pp. 481-494.

M. Yu, X. Zha, and J. Ye, The influence of joints and composite floor slabs on effective tying of steel structures in preventing progressive collapse, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 66, 2010, pp. 442–451.

L. Kwasniewski, Nonlinear dynamic simulations of progressive collapse for a multistory building, Engineering Structures, vol. 32, 2010, pp. 1223-1235.

D. Hartmann, M. Breidt, v. V. Nguyen, F. Stangenberg, S. Höhler, K. Schweizerhof, et al., Structural collapse simulation under consideration of uncertainty – Fundamental concept and results, Computers & Structures, vol. 86, 2008, pp. 2064–2078.

Livermore Software Technology Corporation (LSTC), LS-DYNA Keyword User's Manual vol. Volume II- Material Models, 2012.

Livermore Software Technology Corporation (LSTC), LS-DYNA Keyword User's Manual vol. I, 2012.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2020 Praise Worthy Prize