Air Flow Patterns and Thermal Behavior in “King Tutankhamen Tomb”


(*) Corresponding author


Authors' affiliations


DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)

Abstract


The tombs of the Pharonic kings in "valley of the kings", Thebes, Egypt are famous for their unique wall paintings and structure. KV62, King Tutankhamen tomb, is the most famous because of the treasures it held intact for over three thousand years. The burial chamber is decorated with scenes from the Opening of the Mouth ritual, Book of the Dead, and representations of the king with various deities. The current status of the tomb is very critical as pink stain and black fungus spots have spread over decorated walls due to excessive moisture content in the air. Visitors’ activities led to extra moisture production inside the tomb, this would naturally lead to more  pink spots and fungus activities. For this purpose and in pursue of restoration operation it was suggested to design and install a special ventilation system that would reduce the relative humidity inside the tomb to normally acceptable environment for artifacts. Commercial CFD codes are also used in order to simulate the indoor air conditions, air flow velocities, temperatures and relative humidity patterns. A parametric investigation to select the most suitable airside system design that doesn't affect the archaeological theme of the tomb and that provides lower air velocities around the wall paintings as well as lower air humidity all over the tomb is reported.
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


CFD, Air Conditioning, Simulation

Full Text:

PDF


References


ASHRAE Handbook, Fundamentals 2001, ASHRAE, Atlanta, USA.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/b978-193374207-6/50005-0

W.F. Stoecker, and J.W. Jones,1985, Refrigeration and air conditioning, Second Edition, TATA McGraw-Hill Publishing Company LTD., 1985.

K. Weeks, 1999, Theban Mapping Project, AUC, Egypt.

E.E.Khalil, 2000, Computer aided design for comfort in healthy air conditioned spaces, Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2000, Finland, Vol. 2, Page 461.

R.Kameel, 2002, Computer aided design of flow regimes in air-conditioned operating theatres, Ph.D. Thesis work, Cairo University.

Y. Cho, H.B. Awbi, and T. Karimipanah, , 2002, A comparison between four different ventilation systems, ROOMVENT 2002, 181-184.

R.Kameel, and E.E.Khalil, 2003, Energy efficiency, air quality, and comfort in air-conditioned spaces, DETC2003 / CIE – 48255, ASME 2003, Chicago, Illinois USA, 2003.

O.A.Abdel-Aziz, and E.E.Khalil,, 2004, CFD-Controlled Climate Design Of The Archaeological Tombs Of Valley Of Kings, Proc, Sustaining Europe Cultural Heritage, London, September 2004.

O.A.Abdel-Aziz and E.E.Khalil, 2005, Air Flow Regimes and Thermal Patterns in Climatized Tombs in the Valley of the Kings, AIAA-2005 -1444,2005.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2005-1444

O.A.Abdel-Aziz ,2005 , Air Flow Regimes And Thermal Patterns In Climatized Tombs In The Valley Of The Kings , MSc Thesis, Cairo University .
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2005-1444

E.E. Khalil, 2006 , Preserving The Tombs Of The Pharaohs”, ASHRAE Journal, 2006, pp.34-38

H.M.Ezzeldin, S.M.Mourad and E.E.Khalil, (2006) “Human Thermal Comfort In The Tombs Of The Valley Of Kings Using PMV Model In Non-Air Conditioned Spaces”, “Proceedings 4th IECEC, San Diego, AIAA-2006-4171, 2006.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2006-4171


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize