The Investigation of Flame Speed and Temperature in Flames of Aluminum Micro and Nano-Particle Clouds

M. Bidabadi(1*), N. Moallemi(2), A. Armin(3), I. Shafieenejad(4)

(1) Assistant Professor, department of mechanical engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Iran, Islamic Republic of
(2) Graduate student, department of mechanical engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Iran, Islamic Republic of
(3) Graduate student, department of mechanical engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology,
(4) Graduate student, department of mechanical engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Iran, Islamic Republic of
(*) Corresponding author

DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)


In this paper, the effects of heat losses and particle size and on the flame speed and temperature profile in micro and nano dust combustion have been studied. The present work extended previous results by bridging the theories of the non-adiabatic stationary dust flame and the propagation of premixed flames in one-dimensional channels accounting for heat-losses to particles and environment. The results showed that the effects of heat losses played an important role in flame regimes and flame transition. Furthermore, it was found that convective heat losses significantly decreased the velocity of flame propagation and temperature in post-flame zone. Comparisons between the analytical solutions and the experiment results showed a good agreement.
Copyright © 2015 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Dust Combustion; Heat Loss; Nano Particle; Flame Speed; Non-Adiabatic Flame

Full Text:



Trent S. Ward, Mikhaylo A. Trunov, Mirko Schoenitz, Edward L. Dreizin, Experimental methodology and heat transfer model for identification of ignition kinetics of powdered fuels, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 49, pp. 4943–4954, 2006.

M. Bidabadi, M. Sediqhi, The Investigation of a Particle Size Effect on the Burning Velocity of Laminar Flame of Aluminum, International Journal of engineering science, Vol. 13, n. 3, pp.133-145, 2002.

Y. Shoshin, E. Dreizin, Particle combustion rates for mechanically alloyed Al-Ti and aluminum powders burning in air, Combustion and Flame, Vol. 145, pp. 714- 722, 2006.

Eapen B. Z., Hoffmann V. K., Schoenitz M., Dreizin E. L., Combustion Of Aerosolized Spherical Aluminum Powders And Flakes In Air, Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 176 n. 7, pp. 1055-1069, 2004.

V.N. Kornilov, A.V. Korobko, E.N. Kondratyev, A correlation function method of recovering the combustion low parameters for particles burning in optically thin dust flames, Combustion and Flame, Vol. 146, pp. 530-540, 2006.

K.Seshadri, A.l.Berland, V.Tangirala, The structure of premixed particle-cloud flames, Combustion and flame, Vol. 89, pp. 333-342, 1992.

Y. Shoshin, E. Dreizin, Particle combustion rates in premixed flames of polydisperse metal – air aerosols , Combustion and Flame, Vol. 133, pp. 275-287, 2003.

Shuangfeng Wang, Yikang Pu, Fu Jia, Shixin Wan , Flame Propagation through Cornstarch Dust-Air Mixtures in a Vertical Duct, 20th International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive system, McGill Unv. Canada, 2005.

RK Echoff, Prevention and mitigation of dust explosions in the process industries: A survey of recent research and development, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process, Industries, Vol. 9, pp. 3-20, 1996.

J Jarosinski, J Lee, R Knystautas, JD Crowley, Quenching distance of self-propagation dust-air flames, 21st Symposium (International) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, pp. 1917-1924, 1986.

S. Goroshin, J Lee, Laminar dust flames: a program of microgravity and ground based studies at McGill, Fifth International Microgravity Combustion Workshop, Cleveland, Ohio, pp. 123-126, 1999.

Dreizin, E.L., Effect of Phase Changes on Metal Particle Combustion Processes, Combustion Explosion and Shock Waves, Vol. 39, pp. 92-96, 2003

Dreizin, E. L., and Hoffmann, V. K., Experiments on magnesium aerosol combustion in microgravity, Combustion and Flame, Vol. 122, pp. 20–29, 2000.

K.P. Brooks and M.W. Beckstead, Dynamics of Aluminum Combustion, Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 11, n. 4, pp. 769-780, 1995.

E.L. Dreizin, Experimental Study of Stages in Aluminum Particle Combustion in Air, Combustion and Flame, Vol.105, pp.541-556, 1996.

P. Bucher, R.A. Yetter and F.L. Dryer, E.P. Vicenzi, T.P. Parr and D.M. Hanson-parr, Condensed-phase Species Distributions about Al Particles Reacting in Various Oxicizer, Combustion and Flame, Vol. 117, pp.351-361, 1999.

P.E. DesJardin, J.D. Felske and M.D. Carrara, A Mechanistic Model for Aluminum Particle Ignition and Combustion in Air, Journal of Propulsion and Power Vol. 21, n. 3, pp. 478-485, 2005.

AQ.P., Il’in, A.A., Gromov, V.I., Vereshchagin, E.M., Popenko, V.A., Surgin, and H., Lehn, Combustion of Ultra-fine Aluminum in Air, Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, Vol. 37, n. 6, pp. 664-668, 2001.

Y.S. Kwon, A.A. Gromov, A.P. Ilyin, E.M. Popenko, and G.H. Rim, The Mechanism of Combustion of Superfine Aluminum Powers, Combustion and Flame, Vol. 133, pp. 385-391, 2003.

A. Rai, K. Park, L. Zhou and M. R. Zachariah, Understanding the mechanism of aluminum nano particle oxidation, Combustion Theory and Modeling, Vol. 10, n. 5, pp. 843–859, 2006.

P. Escot Bocanegra, D. Davidenko, V. Sarou-Kanian, C. Chauveau, I. Gokalp, Experimental studies on the propagation velocity and temperature of flames in aluminum micro- and nanoparticle clouds, 21st ICDERS, July 23-27, 2007.

S. Goroshin, M. Kolbe and J.H.S.Lee, Flame Speed in a Binary Suspension of Solid Fuel Particles, Proceeding of Combustion Institute, Vol. 28, pp.2811-2817, 2000.

S. Goroshin, I. Fomenko and J.H.S. Lee, Burning Velocity in a Fuel-Rich Aluminum Dust Clouds, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 26, pp. 1961-1967, 1996.

S. Goroshin, M. Bidabadi, and Lee, J. H. S., Quenching Distance of Laminar Flame in Aluminum Dust Clouds, Combustion and Flame, Vol. 105, pp. 147–160, 1996.

M. Bidabadi., An Experimental and Analytical Study of Laminar Dust Flame Propagation, Dept. Mech. Eng., Ph.D. dissertation, McGill Unv. Canada, 1996.

D. Bahaduri, S. Bandyo padhy, Combustion in Coal Dust Flame, Combustion and Flame, Vol. 17, pp. 15-24, 1971.

R. H. Essenhigh, D.W. Woodhead, Speed of Flame in Slowly Moving Clouds of Cork Dust, Combustion and Flame, Vol. 2, pp. 356-382, 1958.

Y. Huang, G.A.Risha, V. Yang and Richard A. Yetter, Analysis of Nano-Aluminum Particle Dust Cloud Combustion in Different Oxidizer Environments. 43th Aerospace science Meeting and Exhibit, January 2005.

R. Friedman, A. Macek, Ignition and Combustion of Aluminum Particles in Hot Ambient Gases, Combustion and Flame, Vol. 6, pp. 9-19, 1962.

Y. Zhu, and Y. Yuasa, Effects of oxygen concentration on combustion of aluminum in oxygen/nitrogen mixture streams, Combustion and Flame, Vol. 115, pp. 327-334, 1998.

T.P. Parr, C. Johnson, D. Hanson-Parr, K. Higa, and K. Wilson, Evaluation of advanced fuels for underwater propulsion, 39th JANNAF Combustion Subcommittee Meeting, December 2003.

M.A. Trunov, M. Schoenitz, E.L. Dreizin, Ignition of Aluminum Powders Under Different Experimental Conditions, Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 36-42, 2005.

G.Joulin, Temperature-Lags and Radiative Transfer in Particle-Laden Gaseous Flames, Part I: Steady Planar Flames, Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 18, pp. 1395-1403, 1980.

G.Joulin, Asymptotic Analysis of Non-Adiabatic Flames, Heat Losses towards Small Inert Particles, proceeding of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 18, pp. 1395-1403, 1987.

Jarosinski, J., A survey of Recent studies on Flame Extinction, Prog. Energy Combustion Sci., Vol. 12, pp. 81-116, 1986.

Y. Huang, G.A.Risha, V. Yang and Richard A. Yetter, Flame Propagation in Bimodal Nano/Micro-Sized Aluminum Particles/Air Mixtures, 44th Aerospace science Meeting and Exhibit, January 2006.

M.W. Beckstead, Correlating Aluminum Burning Times, Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves, Vol. 41, n. 5, pp. 533-546, 2005.

R.A. Yetter, and F.L. Dryer, Mental Particle Combustion and Classification, Mico-Gravity Combustion: Fire in Free Fall, Academic Press, pp. 419-478, 2001.

T.P. Parr, D., Hanson-Parr, and R.A., Yetter, Flame Structure Studies of Ultra-Fine Aluminum and Fluorine Containing Propellants, 36th JANNAF Combustion Subcommittee Meeting, October 1999.

L.V., Boichuk, V.G. Shevchuk and A.I., Shvets, Flame Propagation in Two-Component Aluminum-Boron Gas Suspensions, Combustion, Explosion and Shock Waves, Vol. 38, n. 6, pp. 651-654, 2002.

Grant.A.Risha, Y. Huang, V. Yang and Richard A. Yetter, Experimental Investigation of Aluminum Particle Dust Cloud Combustion. 43th Aerospase science Meeting and Exhibit, January 2005.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize