Parametric Study of the Salt Gradient Pond Stability

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations

DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)


The problem of Mass and heat transfer and Stability within a salt gradient pond (SGP) has been numerically investigated using a two-dimensional model. The purpose of this study is to apprehend the hydrodynamic and thermal characteristics of the SGP taking into account the Soret effect. The Navier-Stokes equations under the Boussinesq approximation, energy and concentration equations were discretized using the finite volume method. A parametric study of the fluid hydrodynamic behaviour in the pond shows the influence of the thermal Rayleigh and the Lewis numbers on the performance of the pond. We also carried out the influence of the both Soret effect and the heat extraction on the stability of the salt gradient pond. This work highlights the importance of the gradient salinity to preserve the high temperature in the bottom of the pond.
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Renewable Energy; Salt Gradient Pond; Soret Effect; Pond Stability

Full Text:



H., Tabor, Solar ponds: large-area collectors for power production, Solar Energy, Vol. 7, pp. 189, 1963.

S.Shahar; US Patent 337291, 1968.

C. E. Nielsen and A.Rabl, Operation of a small salt gradient solar pond, ISES Meeting, Los Angeles, California 1975.

C. E. Nielsen, Experience with a prototype solar pond for space heating, Proc. ISES Meeting, Winnipeg, Canada V.51976;.

P.C.Badger, T. H. Short, W. L. Roller and D.L. Elwell., A prototype solar pond for heating greenhouses and rural residences, ISES- American section meeting, Orlando, Florida 1977.

Sodah M.S., Kaushika N.D., Rao S.K., Thermal analysis of three zone solar pond, Int. J. Energy Res., Vol. 5, pp. 321–340. 1981

V.V.N. Kishore, V. Joshi, A practical collector efficiency equation for non-convecting solar ponds, Solar Energy; Vol. 33 n. 5, 391–395. 1984

I. Sezai, E. Tasdemiroglu, Effect of bottom reflectivity on ground heat losses for solar ponds, Solar Energy, Vol. 55, n=4, pp. 311–319, 1995.

R. K. Rajput, Termal engineering, (Fifth Edition Lexmi publications (p) LTD, New Delhi, 2005).

Weinberger H., The physics of the solar pond, Solar Energy 1964; 8, 45.

N. D. Kaushika, P. K. Bansal, M .S. Sodha, Partitioned solar pond collector/storage system, Applied Energy, Vol. 7, pp. 169–190, 1980.

P. K. Bansal, N. D. Kaushika, Salt gradient stabilized solar pond collector, Energy Conversion and Management; Vol. 21, pp. 81–95, 1981.

J. Srinivasan, A. Guha, The effect of bottom reflectivity on the performance of a solar pond. Solar Energy; Vol. 39,n. 4, pp. 361–367, 1987.

K. Al-Jamal and S. Khashan , Parametric study of a solar pond for Northern Jordan, Energy, Vol. 21 n. 10, pp. 939–946, 1996.

M. Ouni, A. Guizani and A. Belguith, Simulation of the transient behaviour of a salt gradient solar pond in Tunisia, Renewable Energy, Vol. 14, pp. 69–76, 1998

R. Bennacer, A. A. Mohamad and D. Akrour, Transient natural convection in an enclosure with horizontal temperature and vertical solutal gradient, Int. J. Therm. Sci,; Vol. 40, pp. 899–910, 2001.

M. Husain, P.S. Patil, and S.K. Samdarshi, Optimum size of non-convective zone for improved thermal performance of salt gradient solar pond, Solar Energy, Vol. 74, n. 5, pp. 429–436, 2003.

C. Angeli and E. Leonardi, A one-dimensional study of the salt diffusion in a salinity-gradient solar pond, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 47, pp. 1–10, 2004.

C. Angeli and E. Leonardi, The effect of thermodiffusion on the stability of a salinity gradient solar pond, Int. J. of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 48, pp. 4633–4639, 2005.

H. Kurt, M. Ozkaymak and A. K. Binark, Experimental and numerical analysis of sodium-carbonate salt gradient solar-pond performance under simulated solar-radiation, Applied Energy, Vol. 83, pp. 324–342, 2006.

R. Ben Mansour, C. T. Nguyen and N. Galanis, Numerical study of transient heat and mass transfer and stability in a salt-gradient solar pond, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Vol. 43, pp. 779–790, 2004.

R. Ben Mansour, C. T. Nguyen and N. Galanis, Transient heat and mass transfer and long-term stability of salt-gradient solar pond, Mechanics Research Communications,Vol. 33, pp. 233–249, 2006.

M. Hammami, M. Mseddi, M. Baccar, Transient natural convection in an enclosure with vertical solutal gradients, Solar Energy, Vol. 81, pp. 476–487, 2007.

B. Abderrahmane, Transient natural 2D convection in a cylindrical cavity with the upper face cooled by thermoelectric Peltier effect following an exponential law, Appl. Thermal Eng.; Vol. 23, pp. 431– 447, 2003.

S. V. Patankar, Numerical heat transfer and fluid flow, (Washington, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation 1980).

F. H. Shehadi, M. Mseddi, M. Baccar, Numerical investigation of heat transfer and fluid flow in a salt gradient pond, Proc 7th Int. Meeting of Thermodiffusion, Thermodiffusion: basics & Application, Mondragon Unibertsitateko Zerbitzu Editoriala, Spain, pp. 325–334, 2006.

M. Corcione, Effects of the thermal boundary conditions at the sidewalls upon natural convection in rectangular enclosures heated from below and cooled from above, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Vol.; 42, pp. 199–208, 2003.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize