Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A New Approach for the Design of Frequency Reconfigurable Antenna for Cognitive Radio Applications

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



In this paper, the fundamental principles of UWB and CRS technologies have been presented, and the approach of these systems in recent research focuses on the efficient use of RF resources. UWB systems are an alternative with great scientific support for identifying spectral gaps and allocating RF dynamics in the CRS. Microstrip planar antennas for UWB and CRS systems have been mentioned as practical alternatives for implementing the radio interfaces of these complex systems, as will be proposed in this work. The need for the most efficient use of available spectral resources is the starting point for understanding the growing interest in emerging mobile communications systems. The coexistence of several wireless systems in a limited frequency band and the increasing demand for applications that require high transmission rates have needed new strategies for managing and allocating RF resources. In this sense, UWB and CRS technologies have been presented as promising improvements in the use of radiofrequency resources. This paper presents the fundamental principles of UWB and CRS technologies, emphasizing microstrip planar antennas, whose application has been successfully proven in recent research over the last few decades, as will be exposed in this work.
Copyright © 2023 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Antenna Design; Cognitive Radio; CRS; Noise; UWB

Full Text:



R. Zhang, J. Liu, Y. Wang, Z. Luo, B. Zhang, and J. Duan, Flexible wearable composite antennas for global wireless communication systems, Sensors, vol. 21, no. 18, p. 6083, 2021.

A. Nasser, H. Al Haj Hassan, J. Abou Chaaya, A. Mansour, and K.-C. Yao, Spectrum sensing for cognitive radio: Recent advances and future challenge, Sensors, vol. 21, no. 7, p. 2408, 2021.

A. Armghan, K. Aliqab, V. Sorathiya, F. Alenezi, M. Alsharari, and F. Ali, Design and Fabrication of the Split Ring Resonator Shaped Two-Element MIMO Antenna with Multiple-Band Operation for WiMAX/5G/Zigbee/Wi-Fi Applications, Micromachines, vol. 13, no. 12, p. 2161, 2022.

A. A. Ibrahim, W. A. Ali, M. Alathbah, and H. A. Mohamed, A frequency reconfigurable folded antenna for cognitive radio communication, Micromachines, vol. 14, no. 3, p. 527, 2023.

T. Gayatri, N. Anveshkumar, and V. Sharma, A compact planar UWB antenna for spectrum sensing in cognitive radio, in 2020 International Conference on Emerging Trends in Information Technology and Engineering (ic-ETITE), 2020: IEEE, pp. 1-5.

A. Sharma, A. Rathi, H. M. R. Al-Khafaji, M. G. Siddiqui, and A. K. Yadav, Hybrid mode reconfigurable antenna with V-shaped extrudes for cognitive radio applications, Electronics, vol. 12, no. 7, p. 1680, 2023.

P. Nayak, S. Verma, and P. Kumar, A study of ultrawideband (uwb) antenna design for cognitive radio applications, arXiv preprint arXiv:2106.15272, 2021.

F. Asadallah et al., Spectrum-Aware Compact Reconfigurable UHF Antenna for Interweave Cognitive Radio, IEEE Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation, 2022.

M. Suresh Chinnathampy, T. Aruna, and N. Muthukumaran, Design and fabrication of micro strip patch antenna for cognitive radio applications, Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 121, pp. 1577-1592, 2021.

M. Abioghli, A. Keshtkar, M. Naser-Moghadasi, B. Ghalamkari, UWB rectangular DRA integrated with reconfigurable narrowband antenna for cognitive radio applications, IETE Journal of Research, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 139-147, 2021.

A. Kantemur, J. Tak, P. Siyari, A. H. Abdelrahman, M. Krunz, and H. Xin, A novel compact reconfigurable broadband antenna for cognitive radio applications, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 9, pp. 6538-6547, 2020.

A. Goswami, A. Bhattacharya, and B. Dasgupta, Reconfigurable hexagon shaped printed antenna for cognitive radio application, International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, vol. 31, no. 2, p. e22514, 2021.

Zidan, M., Yaseen, L., Ibrahim, O., Taha, M., Rashid, S., Islam, N., Development and Analysis of Miniaturized Antennas for a Cognitive Radio System in Interweave Mode, (2023) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 13 (1), pp. 10-21.

M. Abdolrazzaghi, V. Nayyeri, and F. Martin, Techniques to improve the performance of planar microwave sensors: A review and recent developments, Sensors, vol. 22, no. 18, p. 6946, 2022.

P. K. Goswami and G. Goswami, Wideband sensing antenna for smart cognitive radio applications, in 2020 9th International Conference System Modeling and Advancement in Research Trends (SMART), 2020: IEEE, pp. 349-354.

W. A. Awan et al., A miniaturized wideband and multi-band on-demand reconfigurable antenna for compact and portable devices, AEU-International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 122, p. 153266, 2020.

Ibrahim, O., Zidan, M., Al-Doori, B., Taha, M., Islam, N., A Microstrip on Planar Antenna Designs for Cognitive Radio Applications, (2023) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 13 (2), pp. 98-107.

S. Kumar, G. H. Lee, D. H. Kim, N. S. Haunan, H. C. Choi, and K. W. Kim, Compact planar super-wideband monopole antenna with four notched bands, Electronics, vol. 9, no. 8, p. 1204, 2020.

M. Elhabchi, M. N. Srifi, and R. Touahni, A novel modified U-shaped microstrip antenna for super wide band (SWB) applications, Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, vol. 102, pp. 571-578, 2020.

M. A. Rahman, M. S. J. Singh, M. Samsuzzaman, and M. T. Islam, A compact skull-shaped defected ground super wideband microstrip monopole antenna for short-distance wireless communication, International Journal of Communication Systems, vol. 33, no. 14, p. e4527, 2020.

H. Das, M. Sharma, and Q. Xu, Microstrip Antenna: An Overview and Its Performance Parameter, Smart Antennas: Latest Trends in Design and Application, pp. 3-14, 2022.

W. Wang, Y. Wang, S. Lou, S. Zhang, and Y. Zhou, Effect of ground plane deformation on electrical performance of air microstrip antennas, International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2020, pp. 1-12, 2020.

B. Mishra, R. K. Verma, N. Yashwanth, and R. K. Singh, A review on microstrip patch antenna parameters of different geometry and bandwidth enhancement techniques, International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 652-673, 2022.

A. Kumar, A. Kumar, and A. Kumar, Gain enhancement of a wideband rectangular ring monopole millimetre-wave antenna using artificial magnetic conductor structure, International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, vol. 32, no. 10, p. e23319, 2022.

B. R. Perli, M. R. Avula, Design of wideband elliptical ring monopole antenna using characteristic mode analysis, Journal of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science, vol. 21, n. 4, pp. 299-306, 2021.

N. Taher, A. Zakriti, N. Amar Touhami, and F. Rahmani, Circular ring UWB antenna with reconfigurable notch band at WLAN/sub 6 GHz 5G mobile communication, Microsystem Technologies, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 965-972, 2022.

A. Quddious, M. A. B. Abbasi, M. A. Antoniades, P. Vryonides, V. Fusco, and S. Nikolaou, Dynamically reconfigurable UWB antenna using an FET switch powered by wireless RF harvested energy, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 8, pp. 5872-5881, 2020.

Y. Yulindon, N. A. Samsudin, and R. Efendi, Optimization of E-shaped microstrip patch antenna using particle swarm optimization (PSO) for wideband application, International Journal of Intelligent Engineering and Systems, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 305-315, 2020.

J. W. Luo, Y. M. Pan, S. Y. Zheng, and S. H. Wang, A planar angled-dipole antenna with quasi-isotropic radiation pattern, IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 68, no. 7, pp. 5646-5651, 2020.

A. Sharma, P. Ranjan, and Sikandar, Dual band ring shaped dielectric resonator based radiator with left and right handed sense circularly polarized features, IETE Technical Review, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 511-519, 2021.

C.-F. Liang, Y.-P. Lyu, D. Chen, W. Zhang, and C.-H. Cheng, A low-profile and wideband circularly polarized patch antenna based on TM 11 and TM 21, IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation, vol. 69, no. 8, pp. 4439-4446, 2021.

S. Z. Ali, I. E. Khuda, K. Raza, and M. Ebrahim, Measurement engineering to design a truncated ground plane compact circular ring monopole patch antenna for ultra wideband applications, Wireless Personal Communications, pp. 1-20, 2022.

K. Nakprasit, A. Sakonkanapong, and C. Phongcharoenpanich, Elliptical ring antenna excited by circular disc monopole for UWB communications, International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2020, pp. 1-11, 2020.

D. V. Niture and S. Mahajan, A compact reconfigurable antenna for UWB and cognitive radio applications, Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 125, no. 4, pp. 3661-3679, 2022.

M. V. Yadav and S. Baudha, A miniaturized printed antenna with extended circular patch and partial ground plane for UWB applications, Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 116, pp. 311-323, 2021.

Altakhaineh, A., Aljaafreh, S., A Deca-Band, Shared-Aperture, Dual-Mode Composite Antenna for Microwave and Millimeter-Wave 5G Applications, (2023) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 18 (1), pp. 70-82.

Nissanov, U., Singh, G., Segun, A., Sixth-Generation (6G) Microstrip Antenna with High-Gain, (2021) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 11 (4), pp. 279-287.

Abolade, J., Konditi, D., Dharmadhikary, V., Ultra-Compact Hexa-Band Bio-Inspired Antenna for 2G, 3G, 4G, and 5G Wireless Applications, (2021) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 11 (3), pp. 197-209.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize