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Impact of Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit on Doubly Fed Induction Generator Performance During Various Levels of Grid Faults

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Since 2004, Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) has become the most admired wind turbine generator type that is widely installed worldwide. The popularity of DFIG is due to its capability to extract more energy than fixed speed wind turbine generator type. Moreover, a DFIG requires only one-third of the full converter size used by type-4 wind turbine generator which in turn reduces the total cost of DFIG installation. The main weakness of DFIG is its vulnerability to grid faults such as voltage dip and swell. Grid faults may have adverse impacts on the overall performance of the DFIG including the voltage at the point of common coupling that, at certain fault levels, may violate the permissible margins of the grid codes established by the transmission line operators. This paper investigates the application of Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) unit to improve the fault ride-through capability of a DFIG during grid faults. Results show that the connection of a SMES unit at the point of common coupling between the DFIG and the grid can enhance the overall performance of the DFIG during such faults events.
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Doubly Fed Induction Generator; Grid Codes; Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit; Fault Ride Through

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