Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Utilization Possibilities of Electrical Energy Storages in Households’ Energy Management in Finland

Juha Koskela(1*), Antti Rautiainen(2), Pertti Järventausta(3)

(1) Laboratory of Electrical Energy Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Finland
(2) Laboratory of Electrical Energy Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Finland
(3) Laboratory of Electrical Energy, Tampere University of Technology, Finland
(*) Corresponding author



Electrical energy storage is one option for making the environmental impact of households’ energy usage smaller. A storage could improve the profitability of household level electricity production and could also decrease the load in the electricity networks. So far, poor profitability has been the greatest barrier to the use of storages. The battery systems prices have been high and the benefits difficult to predict. The benefit of the use of storage and the factors affecting to the benefits are studied in this paper. For this purpose, a simulator has been designed for modelling the energy storage as part of the household’s electricity grid. The control of the storage significantly affects to the amount of benefits. The developed control method of the simulator aims to maximize the benefits. The simulations took into account the variables that are not accurately known when the storage is controlled. For these variables, such as e.g. future consumption, various forecasts were formed.
Copyright © 2016 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Energy Storage; Battery Storage; Simulator; Photovoltaic; Household Customer; Dynamic Energy Pricing

Full Text:



A. Rautiainen, Aspects of Electric Vehicles and Demand Response in Electricity Grids, D.Sc. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Tampere University of Technology., Tampere, 2015.

K. Lummi, A. Rautiainen, P. Järventausta, P. Heine, J. Lehtinen, R. Apponen, M. Hyvärinen, Variations of Power Charge Basis of Power-based Distribution Tariff of Small Customers, IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies ~ISGT-Asia 2016~, Nov 28 – Dec 1, 2016, Melbourne, Australia.

Kim, S., Jin, Y., Yoon, Y., A Valuation Method for Energy Storage System as Tertiary Control Reserve Thorough Competitive Markets, (2014) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 9 (1), pp. 103-108.

Kerdphol, T., Qudaih, Y., Mitani, Y., Optimal Battery Energy Storage Size Using Particle Swarm Optimization for Microgrid System, (2015) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 10 (2), pp. 277-285.

A. Chatzivasileiadi, E. Ampatzi, I. Knight, Characteristics of electrical energy storage technologies and their applications in buildings, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 25, 2013, pp. 814-830.

I. Song, D. Y. Jung, Y. H. Ji, S. Choi, S. Lee, C. Y. Won, A Residential 10 kWh Lithium-Polymer Battery Energy Storage System, IEEE 8th International Conference on Power Electronics and ECCE Asia ~ICPE & ECCE 2011~, May 30 – June 3, 2011, Jeju, South Korea.

S. J. Hong, M. M. Syed, G. H. Rim, H. S. Kim, Residential battery energy storage system with 3kWh Li-ion battery pack, 40th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society ~IECON 2014~, October 29 – November 1, 2014, Dallas, TX.

A. Molderink, V. Bakker, M. G. C. Bosman, J. L. Hurink, J. M. Smit, Management and Control of Domestic Smart Grid Technology, IEEE Transaction on Smart Grid, vol. 1, n. 2, September 2010, pp. 109-119.

Y. Wang, X. Lin, M. Pedram, Adaptive Control for Energy Storage Systems in Households with Photovoltaic Modules, IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 5, n. 2, 2014, pp. 992-1001.

Carpinelli, G., Khormali, S., Mottola, F., Proto, D., Load Leveling with Electrical Storage Systems: a Two-Step Optimization Procedure, (2013) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 8 (2), pp. 729-736.

Álvarez-Alvarado, J., Trejo-Perea, M., Herrera-Arellano, M., Ríos-Moreno, J., Control Strategies of Electrical Power on Smart Buildings, a Review, (2015) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 10 (6), pp. 764-770.

Nguyen, M., Yoon, Y., Battery Modeling for Economic Operation of Energy Storage Systems in Electricity Markets, (2013) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 8 (3), pp. 1000-1007.

W. Hu, Z. Chen, B. Bak-Jensen, Optimal operation strategy of battery energy storage system to real-time electricity price in Denmark, Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 25-29, 2010, Minneapolis, MN.

B. Zakeri, S. Syri, Economy of electricity storage in the Nordic electricity market: The case for Finland, 11th International Conference on the European Energy Market ~EEM 2014~, May 28-30, 2014, Krakow, Poland.

E. Doroudchi, S. K. Pal, M. Lehtonen, J. Kyyry, Optimizing energy cost via battery sizing in residential PV/battery systems, IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies – Asia ~ISGT ASIA 2015~, November 3-6, 2015, Bangkok, Thailand.

Q. Yang, C. Gu, S. Le Blond, J. Li, Control Scheme for Energy Storage in Domestic Households, 49th International Universities Power Engineering Conference ~UPEC 2014~, September 2-5, 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

A. Raziei, K. P. Hallinan, R. J. Brecha, Cost optimization with solar and convertional production, energy storage, and real time pricing, IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference ~ISGT 2014~, Feb. 19-22, 2014, Washington DC.

R. Alanen, R. Pesonen, Use of energy storages in Smart Grid, CLEEN SGEM 41103-1.11, 2011, VTT, Espoo, Finland.

C. Guan, Y. Wang, X. Lin, S. Nazarian, M. Pedram, Reinforcement Learning-Based Control of residential Energy Storage System for Electric Bill Minimization, 12th Annual IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference ~CCNC 2015~, January 9-12, 2015, Las Vegas, NV.

E. G. Birgin, J. L. Gardenghi, J. M. Martìnez, S. A. Santos, Ph. L. Toint, Evaluation complexity for nonlinear constrained optimization using unscaled KKT conditions and high-order models, SIAM Journal of Optimization, vol. 26, n. 2, April 2016, pp. 951-967.

A. Mutanen, M. Ruska, S. Repo, P. Järventausta, Customer Classification and Load Profiling for Distribution Systems, IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, vol. 26, n. 3,2011,pp. 1755-1763.

A. Padovan, D. Del Col, Measurement and modeling of solar irradiance components on horizontal and tilted planes, Solar Energy, vol. 84, n. 12, December 2010, pp. 2068-2084.

V. Fernão Pires, E. Romero-Cadaval, D. Vinnikov, I. Roasto, J. F. Martins, Power Converter Interfaces for Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems – A review, Energy Conversion and Management, vol.86, October 2014, pp. 453-475.

S. Diaf, M. Belhamel, M. Haddadi, A. Louche, Technical and Economical Assessment of Hybrid Photovoltaic/Wind System with Battery Storage in Corsica Island, Energy Policy, vol. 36, n. 2, February 2008, pp. 743-754.

O. Tremblay, L. Dessaint, A. Dekkiche, A Generic Battery Model for the Dynamic Simulation of Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference ~VPPC 2007~, September 9-12, 2007, Arlington, TX.

X. Wei, B. Zhu, W. Xu, Internal Resistance Identification in Vehicle Power Lithium-ion Battery and Application in Lifetime Evaluation, International Conf. on Measuring Technology and Mechatronics Automation, April 11-12, 2009, Zhangjiajie, Hunan.

Y. Parvini, A. Vahidi, Maximizing Charging Efficiency of Lithium-ion and Lead-acid Batteries using Optimal Control Theory, American Control Conference ~ACC 2015~, July 1-3, 2015, Chicago.

A. Väyrynen, J. Salminen, Lithium ion battery production, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, vol. 46, 2012, pp. 80-85.

D. Torres Lobera, A. Mäki, J. Huusari, K. Lappalainen, T. Suntio, S. Valkealahti, Operation of TUT solar pv power station research plant under partial shading caused by snow and buildings, International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2013, June 2013.

Gazdos, F., Marholt, J., Simulation Approach to Robust Constrained Control, (2014) International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 7 (5), pp. 467-475.

Omar, H., Developing Geno-Fuzzy Controller for Satellite Stabilization with Gravity Gradient, (2014) International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), 7 (1), pp. 8-16.


Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2019 Praise Worthy Prize