Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Toward an Intelligent High Frequency AC Distributed Power System - Part II: Analytical Modelling and Experimental Realization

Patrick C. K. Luk(1), Tareq Sadeq El-Hasan(2*)

(1) Centre for Power Engineering, School of Engineering, Cranfield University, United Kingdom
(2) Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Zarqa University, Jordan
(*) Corresponding author



High frequency AC (HFAC) distributed power systems (DPS), where electric power is delivered at up to multi-kHz via cables, is an alternative means to conventional centralized power systems. This paper explores the means by which real-time information can be achieved without installing additional physical communication channels on an existing 50 kHz current-fed HFAC DPS in lighting applications. A communication protocol is methodologically developed to facilitate robust and efficient inter-device real-time communication. In addition, analytical modelling for the current fed coupling circuit is presented. The utility of an intelligent HFAC DPS is demonstrated by experimental results from comprehensive circuit level implementation.
Copyright © 2016 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Modems; Data Communication; Intelligent Power Distribution; Energy Management; Power Distribution Systems; High Frequency AC; Lighting Systems

Full Text:



Cataliotti A., Di Cara D., Fiorelli R., Tine G., “Power-Line Communication in Medium-Voltage System: Simulation Model and Onfield Experimental Tests,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 62 - 69, 2012.

Della Giustina D., Ferrari P., Flammini A., Rinaldi S., Sisinni E., “Automation of Distribution Grids With IEC 61850: A First Approach Using Broadband Power Line Communication,” IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 62, No., pp. 2372 – 23839, 2013.

El Haj Y., Albasha L., El-Hag A., Mir H., “Data communication through distribution networks for smart grid applications,” IET on Science, Measurement & Technology, Vo. 9, No. 6, pp. 774 – 781, 2015.

D. Renz, R. C. Finke, N. J. Stevens, J. E. Triner, and I. G. Hansen, “Design considerations for large space electric power systems,” NASA Technical Memorandum 83064, 1983.

P. Sood and T. Lipo, “Power conversion distribution system using a high-frequency AC link,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 288–300, Mar./Apr. 1988.

P. Jain and H. Pinheiro, “Hybrid high frequency AC power distribution architecture for telecommunication systems,” IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst., vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 138–147, Jan. 1999.

S. Luo and I. Batarseh, “A review of distributed power systems. Part II. high frequency AC distributed power systems,” IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 5–14, Jun. 2006.

Jain, P. , Pahlevaninezhad, M. , Pan, S. , Drobnik, J. A, “Review of High-Frequency Power Distribution Systems: For Space, Telecommunication, and Computer Applications,” Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 29, No. 8, pp. 3852 – 3863, Aug 2014.

Jun Zeng, Junfeng Liu, Jinming Yang, Fei Luo, “A Voltage-Feed High-Frequency Resonant Inverter With Controlled Current Output as a High-Frequency AC Power Source”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Volume: 30, Issue: 9, pp. 4854 – 4863, Sep 2015.

C.-L. Kuo, T.-J. Liang, K.-H. Chen, and J.-F. Chen, “Design and implementation of high frequency AC-LED driver with digital dimming,” in IEEE Int. Symp. on Circuits and Systems, Jun. 2010, pp. 3713–3716.

S.-Y. Ng, P. Luk, and K. Jinupun, “High frequency AC distributed power system for fluorescent lighting,” in IEEE 14th European Conf. on Power Electronics and Applications, Aug. 2011, pp. 1–10.

M. Nakamura, A. Sakurai, and J. Nakamura, “Distributed environment control using wireless sensor/actuator networks for lighting applications,” Sensors, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 8593–8609, 2009.

Y. Kasahara, M. Miki, and M. Yoshimi, “Preliminary evaluation of the intelligent lighting system with distributed control modules,” in 11th Int. Conf. Intelligent Systems Design and Applications (ISDA), 2011, pp. 283–288.

C. K. Lee, S. Li, and S. Hui, “A design methodology for smart LED lighting systems powered by weakly regulated renewable power grids,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 548–554, Aug. 2011.

Y. K. Tan, T. P. Huynh, and Z. Wang, “Smart personal sensor network control for energy saving in DC grid powered LED lighting system,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 669–676, May 2013.

M. G. L. Roes, J. Duarte, and M. Hendrix, “Disturbance observerbased control of a dual-output LLC converter for solid-state lighting applications,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 2018–2027, Aug. 2011.

W. Yu, J.-S. Lai, H. Ma, and C. Zheng, “High-efficiency DC-DC converter with twin bus for dimmable LED lighting,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 2095–2100, Aug. 2011.

M. Arias, D. Lamar, F. Linera, D. Balocco, A. Diallo, and J. Sebastian, “Design of a soft-switching asymmetrical half-bridge converter as second stage of an LED driver for street lighting application,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 1608–1621, Feb. 2012.

Kansal P., Bose A., “Bandwidth and Latency Requirements for Smart Transmission Grid Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 1344 – 1352, 2012.

Bumiller G., Lampe L., Hrasnica H., “Power line communication networks for large-scale control and automation systems,” IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. 48, No. 4, pp. 106 – 113, 2010.

S.Aldhaher, P.C.K.Luk, Khalil El Khamlichi Drissi, J.F.Whidborne,“High Input Voltage High Frequency Class Rectifiers for Resonant Inductive Links,”Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, Vol. 99, pp.1–9, 2014.

S. Aldhaher, P.-K. Luk, and J. Whidborne, “Tuning Class E inverters applied in inductive links using saturable reactors,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron. vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 2969–2978, Jun. 2014.

Luk, P., El-Hasan, T., Toward an Intelligent High Frequency AC Distributed Power System - Part I: Conceptual Design, (2016) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 11 (5), pp. 477-485.

Kováčová, I., Kováč, D., Electromagnetic Coupling - EMC of Electrical Systems (Part I), (2014) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 4 (2), pp. 51-57.

Wang, T., Dinh, A., Chen, L., Teng, D., Shi, Y., Ko, S., Dal Bello-Haas, V., Basran, J., McCrosky, C., A Transmission Line Modeling for IR-UWB Radars in Human Body Sensing and Detection, (2014) International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), 7 (4), pp. 142-148.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2019 Praise Worthy Prize