Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Review of UK Domestic Electricity Consumption and Potential Trends in Using Renewable Energy Sources and Plug-in Hybrid Electrical Vehicles

Mussa Ali Sheboniea(1*), Mohamed K. Darwish(2), Al Janbey(3)

(1) College of Engineering, Design and Physical Sciences, Brunel University London, United Kingdom
(2) College of Engineering, Design and Physical Sciences, Brunel University London, United Kingdom
(3) LCUCK, United Kingdom
(*) Corresponding author



This paper presents a review of electricity profiles in UK households and their electricity demands as well as new trends and solutions for energy consumption. There are two aspects investigated in this research; the first deals with new trends and development in the field of technology, which includes usage of electric vehicles. The Second aspect is ecological, of which the UK is trying to reduce their energy demands and CO2 emission in order to find better solutions for energy problem. Also, this paper investigates renewable energy sources and new technology trends in changeable market electricity prices. The lack of information in daily electricity usage outline per household is a key point on which a new solution will be proposed. Original data are collected from daily energy consumption and energy peak demands from UK electricity providers. Furthermore, the effect of energy usage by electric vehicle is just recently introduced into UK and considered as part of overall development. UK has introduced new solutions for electricity usage, involving renewable energy supplies, mostly solar panels, as best way to meet the increase in electricity demands as well as electricity bills. Data shows that solar energy power is more and more used, which is procured with lower PV prices during manufacturing process and their installation.
Copyright © 2015 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Appliances; Electricity Demand; Household; Renewable Energy Sources; Plug-in Hybrid Electrical Vehicle

Full Text:



DECC, Smart metering implementation programme government response to the consultation on the consumer engagement strategy.

The UK electricity associate load research team. UK housing energy fact file 2012.

Nigel Henretty, Office for national statuistics, household energy consumption in england and wales 2005-2011.

DECC, UK solar PV strategy part 2, delivering a brighter future, DECC, april 2014.

Jen Beaumont, office for national statistics, population, households and families, social trends 41.

M. Milad and M. Darwish, UPS system: How can future technology and topology improve the energy efficiency in data centers? in Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), 2014 49th International Universities, 2014, pp. 1-4.

S. Afifi and M. Darwish, "Impact of hybrid renewable energy systems on short circuit levels in distribution networks," in Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), 2014 49th International Universities, 2014, pp. 1-5.

O. Olatoke, S.S. Sultan and M. K. Darwish, " Statistical Analysis of Power Quality in Office Buildings, International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, January 2013.

Jason Palmer, Nicola Terry,Tom Kane, "Further analysis of the household appliances electricity use survey, electrical appliances at home:Tuning in to energy saving".

Department of transport, "Low carbon transport: A greener future, department of transport, a carbon reduction strategy july 2009".

Pieltain Fernández, L.; Román, T.G.S.; Cossent, R.; Domingo, C.M.; Frías, P., "Assessment of the Impact of Plug-in Electric Vehicles on Distribution Networks," in Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on , vol.26, no.1, pp.206-213, Feb. 2011.

Department of energy and climate change, energy consumption in the UK ECUK domestic data tables 2014".

M. Kintner-Meyer, K. Schneider and R. Pratt, "Impacts assessment of plug-in hybrid vehicles on electric utilities and regional US power grids, Part 1: Technical analysis," Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (a), pp. 1-20, 2007.

Sikai Huang, and David Infield, "The Impact of Domestic Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles on Power Distribution System Loads," .

DECC, "UK renewable energy roadmap, DECC, july 2011," .

J. Pierce and E. Paulos, "Beyond energy monitors: Interaction, energy, and emerging energy systems," in Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2012, pp. 665-674.

M. G. Pollitt, "UK renewable energy policy since privatisation," in Harnessing Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems: Theory, Practice, PolicyAnonymous RFF Press, 2010, .

M. H. Albadi and E. El-Saadany, "A summary of demand response in electricity markets," Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 78, pp. 1989-1996, 2008.

H. Brynjarsdottir, M. Håkansson, J. Pierce, E. Baumer, C. DiSalvo and P. Sengers, "Sustainably unpersuaded: How persuasion narrows our vision of sustainability," in Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2012, pp. 947-956.

Sanseverino, E.R., Zizzo, G., Khanh, L.D., Demand response pricing strategies for islanded microgrids, (2013) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 8 (6), pp. 1786-1795.

S. Firth *, K. Lomas, A. Wright, R. Wall, "Identifying trends in the use of domestic appliances from household electricity consumption measurements, The Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK," .

J. Froehlich, L. Findlater and J. Landay, "The design of eco-feedback technology," in Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2010, pp. 1999-2008.

BRE on behalf of the Department of Energy and Climate Change, "Energy follow-up survey 2011, Report9, domestic appliances, cooking and cooling equipment, december 2013," .

J. Scott, A. Bernheim Brush, J. Krumm, B. Meyers, M. Hazas, S. Hodges and N. Villar, "PreHeat: Controlling home heating using occupancy prediction," in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing, 2011, pp. 281-290.

O. F. Baker, I. Khalil and G. Kotsis, "Agents for energy efficiency in ubiquitous environments," in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Information Integration and Web-Based Applications & Services, 2009, pp. 674-677.

E. Ares, O. Hawkins and P. Bolton, "Feed-in tariffs: solar PV review," 2012.

J. E. Fischer, S. D. Ramchurn, M. Osborne, O. Parson, T. D. Huynh, M. Alam, N. Pantidi, S. Moran, K. Bachour and S. Reece, "Recommending energy tariffs and load shifting based on smart household usage profiling," in Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, 2013, pp. 383-394.

DECC, "Feed in tariff, scheme government response to consultation on comprehensive review phase 2A: Solar PV cost control, may 2012 DECC,".

I. C. Jason Palmer, "United kingdom housing energy fact file 2013, department of energy & climate change,".

I. Mansouri, M. Newborough and D. Probert, "Energy consumption in UK households: impact of domestic electrical appliances," Appl. Energy, vol. 54, pp. 211-285, 1996.

L. G. Swan and V. I. Ugursal, "Modeling of end-use energy consumption in the residential sector: A review of modeling techniques," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, pp. 1819-1835, 2009.

Jen Beaumont, "Office for national statistics, population, social trends 41," .

A. Ihbal, H. S. Rajamani, R. A. Abd-Alhameed and M. Jalboub, "Statistical predictions of electric load profiles in the UK domestic buildings," in Energy, Power and Control (EPC-IQ), 2010 1st International Conference on, 2010, pp. 345-350.

T. J. a Druckman, " 1- Household energy consumption in the UK: A highly geographically and socio-economically disaggregated model, research group of life styles, values and environment(RESOLVE), university of sury, guildford GU2 7XH, UK," .

Yigzaw G. Yohanis, Jayanta D. Mondol, Alan Wright, "Real-life energy use in the UK: How occupancy and dwelling characteristics affect domestic electricity use.a School of the Built Environment, University of Ulster, Newtownabbey BT37 0QB, Northern Ireland, UK Dublin Institute of Technology, Aungier Street, Dublin 1, Ireland "

C. Escriba Molina, "Heat gains, heating and cooling in Nordic housing," 2015.

Salman Taherian, Marcelo Pias, George Coulouris and Jon Crowcroft, "Profiling Energy Use in Households and Office Spaces, e-Energy '10 Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Energy-Efficient Computing and Networking, Pages 21-30.

Parsons Brinckerhoff, "Solar PV cost data, department of energy & climate change DECC, May2012".

IRENA, "International renewable energy agency, renewable energy technology: Cost analysis series, volume 1: Power sector issue 4/5 solar photovoltaics, june 2012," .

J. Keirstead, "Behavioural responses to photovoltaic systems in the UK domestic sector," Energy Policy, vol. 35, pp. 4128-4141, 2007.

National grid, "UK natiuonal grid, annual report and accounts, 2013/2014," .

Siti, M., Tiako, R., Optimal Energy Control of a Grid-Connected Solar Wind-Based Electric Power Plant Applying Time-of-Use Tariffs, (2015) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 10 (5), pp. 653-661.

J. Keirstead, "The UK domestic photovoltaics industry and the role of central government," Energy Policy, vol. 35, pp. 2268-2280, 2007.

K. Clement-Nyns, E. Haesen and J. Driesen, "The impact of charging plug-in hybrid electric vehicles on a residential distribution grid," Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 25, pp. 371-380, 2010.

S. Huang and D. Infield, "The potential of domestic electric vehicles to contribute to power system operation through vehicle to grid technology," in Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), 2009 Proceedings of the 44th International, 2009, pp. 1-5.

A. Rautiainen, S. Repo, P. Järventausta, A. Mutanen, K. Vuorilehto and K. Jalkanen, "Statistical charging load modeling of PHEVs in electricity distribution networks using national travel survey data," Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 3, pp. 1650-1659, 2012.

S. Huang and D. Infield, "The impact of domestic plug-in hybrid electric vehicles on power distribution system loads," in Power System Technology (POWERCON), 2010 International Conference on, 2010, pp. 1-7.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2019 Praise Worthy Prize