Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Novel Approach of Arcing Faults Electromagnetic Radiated Energy Source Location Using Antennas in Power Systems

Frank Zoko Ble(1*), Matti Lehtonen(2), Charles Kim(3)

(1) Aalto University / Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Finland
(2) Aalto University / Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Finland
(3) Howard University / Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, United States
(*) Corresponding author


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15866/iree.v9i5.4218

Abstract


This paper presents novel approach of power arcing faults source location using the arc electromagnetic (EM) radiated energy absorbed by strategically placed antennas. Real electric arc was reproduced during a laboratory measurement by a pine tree leaned on an energized current conductor to mimic actual arcing fault phenomenon. Once the arc RF signal data were gathered, only the first cycle of the arrival wave front was considered in order to minimize the effect of the signal reflections from the walls of the measurement room.  Using the signal energy contained in this first cycle the Inverse Square Law (ISL) was exploited to derive the distance that separates the antennas from the arcing fault source point.  Subsequently the Arc Source Cartesian Coordinates (ASCC) were calculated via iteration method. Next the measured and actual ASCC were compared and the results show that this new approach of using exclusively the arc EM radiated energy can be integrated in power systems as an arcing faults monitoring device to supplement the conventional fault detection methods.
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Power Arc; Radio Frequency; Electromagnetic Radiation; Antenna; Signal Arrival Time; Arc Source Location; Signal Processing; Radio Signal Propagation; Time Delay Estimation; Radio Measurement

Full Text:

PDF


References


Ble, F.Z., Lehtonen, M., Sihvola, A., Kim, C., Cross-correlation method for power arcing source monitoring system, (2014) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 9 (2), pp. 440-452.

ZokoBle, F., Lehtonen, M., Kim, C., Power Arcing Source Location Using First Peak of Arrival of RF-Signal, (2014) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 9 (4), pp. 873-881.
http://dx.doi.org/10.15866/iree.v9i4.2834

Kim, C.J.; "Electromagnetic Radiation Behavior of Low-Voltage Arcing Fault " Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on Vol. 24 , 2009 , Pp: 416 - 423
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tpwrd.2008.2002873

Bartlett, E.J.; Moore, P.J.; “Remote sensing of power system arcing faults”, Advances in Power System Control, Operation and Management, 2000. APSCOM-00. 2000 International Conference on Vol. 1 , 2000, pp. 49–53
http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/cp:20000362

Moore, P.J.; Portugues, I.E.; Glover, I.A.; “Radiometric location of partial discharge sources on energized high-Voltage plant”, Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on Vol. 20, 2005, pp. 2264-2272
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tpwrd.2004.843397

Shihab, S.; Wong, K.L.; “Detection of faulty components on power lines using radio frequency signatures and signal processing techniques”, Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, 2000. IEEE Vol. 4, 2000, pp. 2449–2452
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/pesw.2000.847193

Young, D.P.; Keller, C.M.; Bliss, D.W.; Forsythe, K.W.; “Ultra-wideband (UWB) transmitter location using time difference of arrival (TDOA) techniques”, Signals, Systems and Computers, 2003. Conference Record of the Thirty-Seventh Asilomar Conference on Vol. 2 , 2003, pp. 1225–1229
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/acssc.2003.1292184

Sun, Y.; Stewart, B.G.; Kemp, I.J.; “Alternative cross-correlation techniques for location estimation of PD from RF signal”, Universities Power Engineering Conference, 2004. UPEC 2004. 39th International Vol. 1, 2004, pp. 143–148

Chye Huat Peck; Moore, P.J.; “A direction-finding technique for wide-band impulsive noise source”, Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on Vol. 43, 2001, pp. 149–1544
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/15.925534

Yang, L.; Judd, M.D.; Bennoch, C.J.; “Time delay estimation for UHF signals in PD location of transformers [power transformers]”, Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2004. CEIDP '04. 2004 Annual Report Conference, 2004, pp. 414-417
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ceidp.2004.1364275

Azaria, M.; Hertz, D.; “IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing”, Vol. 32, 1984, pp. 280-285
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tassp.1984.1164314

Soeta, Y.; Uetani, S.; Ando, Y.; “Autocorrelation and cross-correlation analyses of alpha waves in relation to subjective preference of a flickering light”, Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2001. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Vol. 1, 2001, pp. 635– 638
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/iembs.2001.1019015

Alavi, B.; Pahlavan, K.; “Modeling of the TOA-based distance measurement error using UWB indoor radio measurements”, Communications Letters, IEEE Vol. 10, 2006, pp. 275–277
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/lcomm.2006.1613745

Mallat, Achraf; Louveaux, J.; Vandendorpe, L.; “UWB based positioning: Cramer Rao bound for Angle of Arrival and comparison with Time of Arrival”, 2006 Symposium on Communications and Vehicular Technology, pp. 65–68
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/scvt.2006.334374

Alsindi, N.; Xinrong Li; Pahlavan, K.; “Analysis of Time of Arrival Estimation Using Wideband Measurements of Indoor Radio Propagations”,Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on Vol. 56, 2007, pp. 1537-1545
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tim.2007.904481

Rohrig, C.,Kunemund, F., “Mobile Robot Localization using WLAN Signal Strengths”.Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems: Technology and Applications, 2007. IDAACS 2007. 4th IEEE Workshop, pp. 704 - 709
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/idaacs.2007.4488514

Bo-ChiehLiu,Ken-Huang Lin “Accuracy Improvement of SSSD Circular Positioning in Cellular Networks”.Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transaction, pp. 1766 - 1774
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tvt.2011.2119383

Motter, P. , Allgayer, R.S. ; Muller, I. ; Pereira, C.E. ; Pignaton de Freitas, E. “Practical issues in Wireless Sensor Network localization systems using received signal strength indication”.Sensors Applications Symposium (SAS), 2011 IEEE, pp. 227 - 232
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/sas.2011.5739823

Chih-Chun Lin, She-Shang Xue; Yao, L. “Position Calculating and Path Tracking of Three Dimensional Location System Based on Different Wave Velocities”.Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, 2009. DASC '09. Eighth IEEE International Conference, pp. 436 - 441
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/dasc.2009.124

El Arja, H., Huyart, B.; Begaud, X. “Joint TOA/DOA measurements for UWB indoor propagation channel using MUSIC algorithm”.Wireless Technology Conference, 2009, pp. 124 - 127
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ecwt.2005.1617651

Born, A.,Schwiede, M. ; Bill, R. “On distance estimation based on radio propagation models and outlier detection for indoor localization in Wireless GeosensorNetworks”,Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN), International Conference 2010, pp. 1 - 6
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ipin.2010.5647102

Fugen Su, WeizhengRen; Hongli Jin, “Localization Algorithm Based on Difference Estimation for Wireless Sensor Networks”.Communication Software and Networks. ICCSN '09. International Conference, 2009, pp. 499 - 503
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/iccsn.2009.129

Bing-Fei Wu , Cheng-Lung Jen ; Kuei-Chung Chang, “Neural fuzzy based indoor localization by Kalman filtering with propagation channel modeling”. Systems, Man and Cybernetics. ISIC. IEEE International Conference, 2007, pp. 812 - 817
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/icsmc.2007.4413976

Benkic, K., Malajner, M.; Planinsic, P.; Cucej, Z. “Using RSSI value for distance estimation in wireless sensor networks based on ZigBee”.Systems, Signals and Image Processing, 2008. 15th International Conference, 2008, pp. 303 - 306
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/iwssip.2008.4604427

Suk-Un Yoon, Liang Cheng; Ghazanfari, E.; Pamukcu, S.; Suleiman, M.T. “A Radio Propagation Model for Wireless Underground Sensor Networks”.Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM 2011), 2011, pp. 1 – 5
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/glocom.2011.6133708

Fengzhen Wang; Lo, T.; Litva, J.; Reed, W.; "High accuracy direction finding antenna array system" Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 1994. AP-S. Digest 1994 Vol..3, pp: 1544 - 1547
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/aps.1994.408203

Portugues, I.; Moore, P.J.; Glover, I.A.; "Frequency domain characterisation of partial discharges via a non-invasive measurement system" Properties and Applications of Dielectric Materials, 2003. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on 2003 Vol.3, pp: 835 - 838
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/icpadm.2003.1218551

Moore, P.; Crossley, P.; "GPS applications in power systems, Part. I. Introduction to GPS" Power Engineering Journal Vol. 13 , 1999 , pp: 33 - 39
http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/pe:19990110

Judd, M.D.; Li Yang; Hunter, I.B.B. "Partial discharge monitoring of power transformers using UHF sensors. Part I: sensors and signal interpretation"; Electrical Insulation Magazine, IEEE Vol. 21 , 2005 , pp: 5 - 14
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/mei.2005.1412214

Moore, P.J.; Bartlett, E.J.; Vaughan, M.; "Fault location using radio frequency emissions" Developments in Power System Protection, 2001, Seventh International Conference on (IEE) 2001 , pp: 331 – 334
http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/cp:20010167

Chin-Lung Yang; Bagchi, S.; Chappell, W.J.; " Location tracking with directional antennas" in wireless sensor networks Microwave Symposium Digest, 2005 IEEE MTT-S International 2005
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/mwsym.2005.1516540

Li Cong; Weihua Zhuang; "Hybrid TDOA/AOA mobile user location for wideband CDMA cellular systems Wireless Communications", IEEE Transactions Vol. 1 , 2002 , pp: 439 – 447
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/twc.2002.800542

Babnik, T.; Aggarwal, R.K.; Moore, P.J.; Wang, Z.D.; " Radio frequency measurement of different discharges" Power Tech Conference Proceedings, 2003 IEEE Bologna Vol. 3 2003
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ptc.2003.1304522

Afef Ben Hadj Alaya-Feki; Moulines, E.; Villebrun, E.; "Exploiting Radio Measurements in Wireless Mobile Networks with Advanced Signal Processing" Wireless and Mobile Communications, 2007. ICWMC '07. Third International Conference on 2007 , pp: 28 – 28
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/icwmc.2007.41

Portugues, I.E.; Moore, P.J.; " Study of propagation effects of wideband radiated RF signals from PD activity" Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2006. IEEE 2006
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/pes.2006.1709351

Alavi, B.; Pahlavan, K.; "Modeling of the TOA-based distance measurement error using UWB indoor radio measurements" Communications Letters, IEEE Vol. 10 , 2006 , pp: 275 – 277
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/lcomm.2006.1613745

Damazio, D.O.; Takai, H.; "A radio detector system for ultra high energy cosmic showers "Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2003 IEEE Vol. 1 2003 , pp: 134 - 138
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/nssmic.2003.1352015

Damazio, D.O.; Takai, H.; "The cosmic ray radio detector data acquisition system" Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2004 IEEE Vol. 2 2004 , pp: 1205 - 1211
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/nssmic.2004.1462419

Gang Zhou; Haiyun Tang; Lau, K.Y.; "In-building radio distribution using a "saturated" distributed-antenna-architecture-universal radio-power and delay-spread statistics" Communications, 1999. ICC '99. 1999 IEEE International Conference on Vol. 1 1999 , pp: 29 - 35
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/icc.1999.767870

Joyce, R.M.; Barker, D.E.; McCarthy, M.A.; Feeney, M.T.; "A study into the use of polarisation diversity in a dual band 900/1800 MHz GSM network in urban and suburban environments" Antennas and Propagation, 1999. IEE National Conference on.1999 , pp: 316 – 319
http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/cp:19990079

Moore, P.J.; "Radiometric measurement of Circuit Breaker interpole switching times" Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on Vol. 19 , 2004 , pp: 987 – 992
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tpwrd.2004.829913

Shih-Hau Fang; Jen-Chian Chen; Hau-Ru Huang; Tsung-Nan Lin; "Metropolitan-Scale Location Estimation Using FM Radio with Analysis of Measurements" Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, 2008. IWCMC '08. International 2008 , pp: 171 – 176
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/iwcmc.2008.30

Aragon-Zavala, A.; Belloul, B.; Nikolopoulos, V.; Saunders, S.R.; "Accuracy evaluation analysis for indoor measurement-based radio-wave-propagation predictions" Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, IEE Proceedings - Vol. 153 , 2006 , pp: 67 – 74
http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/ip-map:20045131

Chiang, R.I.C.; Rowe, G.B.; Sowerby, K.W.; "A Quantitative Analysis of Spectral Occupancy Measurements for Cognitive Radio" Vehicular Technology Conference, 2007. VTC2007-Spring. IEEE 65th 2007
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/vetecs.2007.618

Karttunen, P.; Kalliola, K.; Laakso, T.; Vainikainen, P.; "Measurement analysis of spatial and temporal correlation in wideband radio channels with adaptive antenna array" Universal Personal Communications, 1998. ICUPC '98. IEEE 1998 International Conference on Vol. 1 1998 , pp: 671 - 675
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/icupc.1998.733053

Kaindl, A.; Nowak, S.; Koschnitzki, T.; Borsi, H.; "Practical application of partial discharge measurements at epoxy impregnated coils for analyzing signal noise in the radio frequency range" Electrical Insulation, 2000. Conference Record of the 2000 IEEE International Symposium on 10.1109/ELINSL.2000.845481 2000 , pp: 168 - 171
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/elinsl.2000.845481

Saadane, R.; Khafaji, A.; Wahbi, M.; El Bhiri, B.; Aboutajdine, D.; "Ultra wide bandwidth radio channel indoor propagation and path loss analysis based on measurements" Multimedia Computing and Systems, 2009. ICMCS '09. International Conference on 2009 , pp: 259 – 263
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/mmcs.2009.5256690

Rafferty, W.; Anderson, J.; Saulnier, G.; Holm, J.; "Laboratory Measurements and a Theoretical Analysis of the TCT Fading Channel Radio System" Communications, IEEE Transactions on Vol. 35 , 1987 , pp: 172 – 180
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tcom.1987.1096740

Soldanels, Roy M.; "Flexible Radio Frequency Bonding Configurations: Theoretical Analysis, Measurements, and Practical Applications" Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on Vol. 9 , 1967 , pp: 136 – 138
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/temc.1967.4307482

Santella, G.; Restuccia, E.; "Analysis of frequency domain wide-band measurements of the indoor radio channel at 1, 5.5, 10 and 18 GHz" Global Telecommunications Conference, 1996. GLOBECOM '96. 'Communications: The Key to Global Prosperity Vol. 2 1996 , pp: 1162 - 1166
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/glocom.1996.587620

Shaw, V.L.; Berchi, F.G.; McRue, W.H.; "Auto And Cross Correlation Analysis Of Environment, System And Target Parameters For Iceberg Detection Using Airborne Radar" Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1988. IGARSS '88. Remote Sensing: Moving Toward the 21st Century., International Vol. 2 1988 , pp: 809 - 816
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/igarss.1988.570445

Elkalashy, N.I., Lehtonen, M. ; Darwish, H.A. ; Izzularab, M.A. ; Taalab, A.-M.I. "Modeling and experimental verification of high impedance arcing fault in medium voltage networks" Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on Vol.14 , 2007,pp: 375 - 383
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/tdei.2007.344617


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize