Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Modelling Lightning Strike on Overhead Lines for the Analysis of Back Flashover Using Electromagnetic Transient Program (EMTP)

R. Hery Satriyo Soeprapto(1*)

(1) Universiti Teknikal Malaysia, Malaysia
(*) Corresponding author



This paper describes a lightning performance and provides an analytical tool to analyse the effect of lightning strikes of the overhead line construction. The analysis of lightning strike effect is performed through an Alternative Transient Program (ATP) package based on the Anderson method. The lightning strikes have significant impact on overhead lines because they are responsible for line outages due to back flashovers. While the back flashover can be determined based on a critical stroke current in each insulator string, the rate of  line outages is difficult to be quantified in practice. This is because of the aspects involved, such as lightning surge mechanisms, geographical and environment factors, construction design of the overhead lines, stroke mechanism to the lines, and flashover mechanisms. This will then give some prior indication on how to improve overhead line lightning performance. It will also provide flexibility to conduct an investigation for other overhead line configuration.
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Electromagnetic Transient Program; Back Flashover Voltage; Overhead Line

Full Text:



A. Ametani, “A Method of a Lightning Surge Analysis Recommended in Japan Using EMTP,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 2, No. 2, April, pp. 867-875, 2005.

C.A. Nucci, “A Survey on Cigre And IEEE Procedures for the Estimation of The Lightning Performance of Overhead Transmission and Distribution Lines,” 2010 Asia-Pacific International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, April 12-16, 2010, Beijing, China.

J.A. Martinez, “Lightning Performance Analysis of Overhead Transmission Lines Using the EMTP” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 2200-2210, 2005.

H.X. Yao, et al. “A New Tool for Lightning Performance Assessment of Overhead Transmission Lines,” 7th Asia-Pacific International Conference on Lightning, November 1-4, 2011, Chengdu, China.

J.G. Anderson, “Lightning Performance of Transmission Lines”, in Transmission Line Reference Book : 345 kV and Above, 2nd edition revised, California : Electric Power Research Institute, 1987.

A. Ametani, “Lightning Surge Analysis by EMTP and Numerical Electromagnetic Analysis Method,” 30th International Conference on Lightning Protection – ICLP 2010 (Cagliary, Italy – September 13th-17th, 2010), 2010.

B.J.C. Burrows, “The Franklin Lightning Rod – An Update”, in International Conference on Lightning and Power Systems, Conference Publication No. 236, London : The Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1984.

M. Darveniza, et al. “Modelling for Lightning Calculations,” IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, vol. PAS-98, No. 6, Nov./Dec. pp. 1900-1908, 1979.

D.W. Deno, and L.E. Zaffanella, “Field Effects of Overhead Transmission Lines and Stations”, in Transmision Line Reference Book : 345 kV and Above, 2nd edition revised, California : Electric Power Research Institute, 1987.

A. Greenwood, “Lightning”, in Electrical Transient in Power Systems, 2nd edition, NU : J. Wiley & Sons, Ch. 14, pp.463-489, 1991.

M. Hibbert, EEP210 : Abnormal Systems Voltages Unit Outline, Brisbane : School of Electrical and Electronics System Engineering, QUT, 1995.

IEEE Working Group on Lightning Performance of Transmision Lines, “A Simplified Method for Estimating Lightning Performance of Transmission Lines,” IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, vol. PAS-104, No. 4, April pp. 919-932, 1985.

E.R. Whitehead, “Protection of Transmission Lines”, in Lightning, Golde, R. H. Edited, London : Academic Press, 1977.

Ble, F.Z., Lehtonen, M., Sihvola, A., Kim, C., Cross-correlation method for power arcing source monitoring system, (2014) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 9 (2), pp. 440-452.

F. Z. Ble, et. al., Power Arcing Source Location Using First Peak of Arrival of RF-Signal, (2014) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 9 (4), pp. 873-881.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize