Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Photovoltaic Panel Emulators, Design and Implementation Using Rapid Prototyping Technique

Mohamed Ajaamoum(1*), M. Kourchi(2), B. Bouachrine(3), A. Ihlal(4), L. Bouhouch(5)

(1) ESTA (High School of Technologies of Agadir), Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
(2) University Ibn Zohr Agadir, Morocco
(3) Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
(4) Faculty of Sciences, University Ibn Zohr, Agadir, Morocco
(5) ESTA (High School of Technologies of Agadir), Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
(*) Corresponding author



Photovoltaic emulators (PVE) are power electronic systems that are able to reproduce the output "Current-Voltage" characteristics of photovoltaic panels in various operating conditions. They are indispensable for the design and evaluation of the operational components of a photovoltaic energy system, such as battery chargers and Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT). Those emulators prevent the experimental testing process on a site and ensure considerable savings in time and cost. In this article, we adopt the rapid prototyping technique incorporating an acquisition board and the toolbox "Real Time Windows Target" of Matlab. For that, we propose to use direct blocs schemes in Simulink in order to simulate and control a hardware target emulating a photovoltaic panel. The experimental platform's obtained results show that the characteristics of the designed emulator output are in good agreement with those of a real photovoltaic panel, under different conditions of temperature, irradiation and load.
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Photovoltaic; Emulator; Rapid Prototyping; Buck Converter; Acquisition Board

Full Text:



E. Durán, M. Sidrach-de-Cardona, J. Galán, J.M. Andújar, Measurement Method for PV Modules based on DC-DC Converters with Microcontroller, Power Electronics and Applications, EPE'09, 13th European Conference on, Barcelona, Spain, 8-10 Sept. 2009, pp. 1-10.

Woojoo Lee, Younghyun Kim, Yanzhi Wang, Naehyuck Chang, Massoud Pedram, Versatile High-Fidelity Photovoltaic Module Emulation System, Low Power Electronics and Design (ISLPED) 2011 International Symposium on, Fukuoka, Japan, 1-3 Aug. 2011, pp. 91-96.

H. Nagayoshi, I-V curve simulation by multi-module simulator using I-V magnifier circuit, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 82, 1-2, 2004, pp. 159-167.

M.G. Villalva, J.R. Gazoli and E.R. Filho, Comprehensive Approach to Modeling and Simulation of Photovoltaic Arrays, Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, Vol. 24, Issue 5, May 2009, pp. 1198-1208.

Ting-Chung Yu and Tang-Shiuan Chien, Analysis and simulation of characteristics and maximum power point tracking for photovoltaic systems, Power Electronics and Drive Systems, 2009. PEDS 2009. International Conference on, Taipei, Taiwan, 2-5 Nov. 2009. pp. 1339-1344.

P. Sanchis, I. Echeverria, A. Ursua, O. Alonso, E. Gubia, and L. Marroyo, Electronic converter for the analysis of photovoltaic arrays and inverters, Power Electronics Specialist Conference, 2003, PESC'03, IEEE 34th Annual, Vol. 4, 15-19, June 2003, pp. 1748-1753.

J.M. Enrique, E. Duran, M. Sidrach-de-Cardona, J.M. Andujar, M.A. Bohorquez, and J. Carretero, A new approach to obtain I-V and P-V curves of photovoltaic modules by using DC-DC converters, Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2005, Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE, Lake Buena Vista, FL, USA, 3-7 Jan. 2005, pp. 1769-1772.

M. Cirrincione, M. Di Piazza, G. Marsala, M. Pucci, and G. Vitale, Real time simulation of renewable sources by model-based control of DC/DC converters, Industrial Electronics, 2008, ISIE 2008, IEEE International Symposium on, Cambridge, England, June 30 - July 2, 2008, pp. 1548-1555.

G. Martin-Segura, J. Lopez-Mestre, M. Teixido-Casas and A. Sudria-Andreu, Development of a photovoltaic array emulator system based on a full-bridge structure, Electrical Power Quality and Utilisation, 2007, EPQU 2007, 9th International Conference on, Barcelona, Spain, 9-11 Oct. 2007, pp. 1-6.

Hu, Y., Chen, Z., Zhang, D., Wang, H., Xing, H., Design and operation studies of a Stand-Alone PV generation system, (2013) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 8 (5), pp. 1578-1585.

Ludovic Protin, Stéphan Astier, Convertisseurs photovoltaïques, Techniques de l'ingénieur Génie Electrique, Doc D3 360, 1997, pp. 13-15.

A. Koran, K. Sano, Rae-young Kim and Jih-Sheng Lai, Design of a Photovoltaic Simulator With a Novel Reference Signal Generator and Two-Stage LC Output Filter, Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, Vol. 25, Issue 5, 2010, pp. 1331-1338.

O.-M. Midtgard, A simple photovoltaic simulator for testing of power electronics, Power Electronics and Applications, 2007 European Conference on, Aalborg, Danemark, 2-5 Sept. 2007, pp. 1-10.

H. Nagayoshi and M. Atesh, Partial shading effect emulation using multi small scale module simulator units, Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2005, Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE, Lake Buena Vista, FL, USA, 3-7 Jan. 2005, pp. 1710-1713.

J. Ollila, A medium power PV-array simulator with a robust control strategy, Control Applications, 1995, Proceedings of the 4th IEEE Conference on, Albany, NY, 28-29 Sep 1995, p. 40-45.

Long BUN, Détection et Localisation de Défauts pour un Système PV, Thèse de Doctorat de l'Université de Grenoble, Génie Electrique, 2011.

Dylan D.C. Lu , Quang Ngoc Nguyen, A photovoltaic panel emulator using a buck-boost DC/DC converter and a low cost micro-controller, Solar Energy, Vol. 86, Issue 5, May 2012, pp. 1477-1484.

Blorfan, A., Flieller, D., Wira, P., Sturtzer, G., Merckle, J., A new approach for modeling the photovoltaic cell using orcad comparing with the model done in Matlab, (2010) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 3 (5), pp. 948-954.

Zahran, M., Atia, Y., Besheer, A.H., PV pumping system characterization using virtual monitoring environment, (2013) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 8 (1), pp. 182-189.

Artur Ziviani, Thiago B. Cardozo, Antônio Tadeu A. Gomes, Rapid prototyping of active measurement tools, Computer Networks: The International Journal of Computer and Telecommunications Networking, Vol. 56 Issue 2, February 2012, pp. 870-883.

C. Roncero-Clemente, E. Romero-Cadaval, V. M. Minambres, M. A. Guerrero-Martinez, J. Gallardo-Lozano, PV Array Emulator for Testing Commercial PV Inverters, Elektronika Ir Elektrotechnika, Vol. 19, N. 10, 2013, pp. 71-75.

Jee-Hoon Jung, Shehab Ahmed, Real-time simulation model development of single crystalline photovoltaic panels using fast computation methods, Solar Energy, 86(6), 2012, pp. 1826-1837.

Eftichios Koutroulis, Kostas Kalaitzakis, Vasileios Tzitzilonis, Development of an FPGA-based system for real-time simulation of photovoltaic modules, Microelectronics Journal, Vol. 40, Issue 7, 2009, pp. 1094-1102.

Maria Carmela Di Piazza , Gianpaolo Vitale, Photovoltaic field emulation including dynamic and partial shadow conditions, Applied Energy 87 (2010) pp814–823.

Sebt-Ahmadi, S.M., Ebrahimi, S., Pirnazari, A., Ranjbar, A.-M., An optimal hybrid power generation scheme in a power system - A practical experience, (2013) International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE), 8 (5), pp. 1566-1577.

MSX-64 PDF Spec sheet, MSX-60 and MSX-64 Photovoltaic Modules, 1997 Solarex, 630 Solarex Court, Frederick, MD 21703 USA, Website: download/download/?d=0&file=custom%2Fupload%2FSolarex-MSX64_1.pdf.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize