AC-DC Optimal Power Flow Incorporating Shunt FACTS Devices Using HVDC Model and Particle Swarm Optimization Method

N. Mezhoud(1*), S. Leulmi(2), A. Boukadoum(3)

(1) Department of Electrical Engineering, University of August 20th, 1955, Algeria
(2) Department of Electrical Engineering, University of August 20th, 1955, Algeria
(3) LES Laboratory at the University of August 20th, 1955, Algeria
(*) Corresponding author


DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)

Abstract


This paper presents an efficient and reliable evolutionary-based approach to solve the AC-DC optimal power flow (OPF) incorporating shunt FACTS devices in electrical power networks. Our main goal is to minimize the objective function necessary for a best balance between the energy production and its consumption which is presented in a nonlinear function, taking into account the constraints of equality and of inequality. The objective is to minimize the total cost of the generations and also the active power losses with incorporating shunt FACTS devices such as the static VAr compensator (SVC). Furthermore, we will consider in detail the study of the AC-DC OPF under the use of the HVDC-link and the SVC. This optimization is based, on the application of the particle swarm optimization (PSO) method. Incorporation of the PSO method as a derivative-free optimization technique in solving AC-DC OPF problem relieves, significantly, the assumptions imposed on the optimized objective functions. The PSO method has been examined and tested on the standard IEEE 14-bus test system with different objectives that reflect active power losses minimization and active power generation cost minimization. The PSO results have been compared to those that reported in the literature recently. The results are promising and show the effectiveness and robustness of PSO method.
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Optimization; Newton-Raphson Method (NRM); Power Flow (PF); High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC); Voltage Source Converter (VSC); DC-link; FACTS; SVC; AC-OPF; DC-OPF; PSO Method

Full Text:

PDF


References


[1] Javad Lavei, Anders Rantzer and Stephen Low, "Power flow Optimization Using Positive Quadratic Programming", Preprints of the 18th IFAC World Congress Milano (Italy) August 28 - September 2, 2011.

[2] Jong Yul Kim, Hwa-Seok Lee and June Ho Park, "A Modified Particle Swarm Optimization for Optimal Power Flow", Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, Korea, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 413-419, 2007.

[3] L. Slimani and T. Bouktir, "Iterative Non-deterministic Algorithms in Optimal Power Flow: A Comparative Study", Journal of Electrical Systems, Algeria, 7-4 (2011) 458-477, Copyright © JES 2011.

[4] Chi Su and Zhe Chen, "An Optimal Power Flow (OPF) Method With Improved Power System Stability", Department of Energy Technology Aalborg University, Denmark UPEC2010, 31 St Aug-3rd Sept 2010.

[5] Mohamed Laouer, Ahmed Allali, Kaddour Hachemi, Hamid Bouzeboudja and Abdelkader Chaker,"Study of the Load Flow in the AC/DC Electrical Supply Networks", High Efficiency Maximum Power Point Tracking Control in Photovoltaic-Grid Connected Plants, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, Technical University of Košice, Slovak Republic, ISSN 1335-8243, 2007.

[6] H. Ambriz-Pérez, E. Acha and C. R. Fuerte-Esquivel, "High Voltage Direct Current Modelling in Optimal Power Flows", Electrical Power and Energy Systems, USA, 157 – 168 © 2008.

[7] T. Smed, G. Andersson, G. B. SheblC and L. L. Grigsby, "A New Approach to the AC/DC Power Flow", IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 6, No. 3, 0885-8950/91/0700-1238W1.00 © 1991 IEEE, August 1991.

[8] N. M. Jothi Swaroopan.and P. Somasundaram, "Fuzzified PSO Algorithm for DC-OPF Of Interconnected Power System", Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Pakistan, © 2005 - 2010 JATIT & LLS. All Rights Reserved.

[9] N. Mezhoud, A. Boukadoum, S. Leulmi and F. Boukhenoufa, "Optimal Power Flow Solution Incorporating Shunt FACTS Devices (SVC) Using Newton’s Method".10rth International Conference on Electrical Networks, ICEN'10, Sedi Bel-Abbes, Algeria, September 28 - 29, 2010.

[10] Linda Slimani and Tarek Bouktir, "Optimal Power Flow Solution of the Algerian Electrical Network Using Differential Evolution Algorithm", e-ISSN: 2087-278X (p-ISSN: 1693-6930), Telkomnika, pp. 199-210, Vol.10, No.2, June 2012.

[11] M. A. Abido, "Optimal Power Flow Using Particle Swarm Optimization", Electrical Power and Energy System, USA, Elsevier Science Ltd, 0142-0615/02/$ ©, 2002.

[12] C. Kumar and Ch. Padmanabha Raju, "Constrained Optimal Power Flow using Particle Swarm Optimization", International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering Website: www.ijetae.com (ISSN 2250-2459, Volume 2, Issue 2, February 2012)

[13] M. Balasubba Reddy1, Y. P. Obuleshé and S. Sivanaga Raju, "Particle Swarm Optimization Based Optimal Power Flow for Volt-VAr", ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, ISSN 1819-6608, Vol. 7, No. 1, JANUARY 2012.

[14] K. S. Pandya and S.K. Joshi, "A Survey of Optimal Power Flow Methods", Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Pakistan, Vol. Xx, N°: YY, 2008.

[15] T. Anibal de Azevedo, A. Carlos Castro, R. L. Aurelio Oliveira and Secundino Soares, " Security Constrained Optimal Active Power Flow Via Network Model and Interior Point Method", 206 Revista Controle & Automação, Brasil, Vol. 20, No. 2/Abril, Maio Junho 2009.

[16] H. Amhriz-Pérez, E. Acha, and C. R. Fuerte- Esquivel, "Advanced SVC Models for Newton-Raphson Load Flow and Newton Optimal Power Flow Studies", IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 15, N°. 1, February 2000.

[17] C. R. Fuerte-Esquivel, E. Acha, H. Ambriz-Perez, "Integrated SVC and Step-Down Transformer Model for Newton-Raphson Load Flow Studies", IEEE Power Engineering Review, February 2000, 0272-1724/00$10.0 2 © 2000, IEEE, 2000.

[18] S. Suresh Reddy, S. Sarat kumar and Dr. S. V. J. Kumar, "Load Flow Solution for ill-Conditioned Power Systems Using Runge- Kutta and Iwamoto Methods With FACTS Devices". Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Pakistan, © 2005 - 2009 JATIT. All Rights Reserved.

[19] Y. K. Fun, D. Niebur, CO. Nwankpu, H. Kwatny and R. Fischl, "Multiple Power Flow Solutions of Small Integrated AC/DC Power Systems", ISCAS 2000, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, May 28-31, 2000, Geneva, Switzerland, 0-7803-5482-6/99/$10.00 ©, IEEE 2000.

[20] A. Panosyan and B. R. Oswald, "Modified Newton-Raphson Load Flow Analysis for Integrated AC/DC Power Systems", Institute of the Electric Power Systems", 39th International Conference Universities Power Engineering, 1223–1227, Vol. 2, 1-86043-365-0, INSPEC, Bristol, UK, 6-8. Sep. 2004.

[21] Qinghai Bai, "Analysis Of Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm", Computer And Information Science, USA, Vol. 3, No. 1, February, 2010.

[22] J. Hazra and A. K. Sinha, "A Multi-Objective Optimal Power Flow Using Particle Swarm Optimization", European Transactions on the Electrical Power, DOI: 10.1002/etep.494. Euro. Trans. Electr. Power 2010.

[23] Davoud Sedighizadeh and Ellips Masehian, "Particle Swarm Optimization Methods, Taxonomy and Application", International Journal of Computer Theory and Engineering, 1793-8201, Canada, Vol. 1, No. 5, December 2009.

[24] K. Y. Chan, G. T. Y. Pong and K. W. Chan, "Investigation of Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization Methods for Solving Transient-Stability Constrained Optimal Power Flow Problems", Engineering Letters, China, 16:1, EL_16_1_10. Advance Online Publication, 19 February 2008.

[25] Taher Niknam, Bahman Bahmani Firouzi and Amir Ostadi, "A New Fuzzy Adaptive Particle Swarm Optimization for Daily Volt/VAr Control in Distribution Networks Considering Distributed Generators", Applied Energy, Canada, Elsevier Science Ltd, 0306-2619/$ ©, 2010.

[26] M. Anitha, S. Subramanian and R. Gnanadass, "A Novel PSO Algorithm for Optimal Production Cost of the Power Producers with Transient Stability Constraints", J. Electromagnetic Analysis & Applications, Copyright © 2009 SciRes, JEMAA, India, 265-274, December 2009.

[27] N. Mezhoud, “Contribution to the Mixed AC-DC OPF Study of an Electrical Power Systems Using Intelligent FACTS Devices”, Doctorate Thesis (will be presented in few months), Supervised by S. Leulmi and A. Boukadoum, Electric Power Systems Laboratory of Skikda, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of August 20th, 1955, Skikda 21000, Algeria.

[28] Barzegari, A., Barforoushi, T., Asgharpour, H., Lesan, S., A new algorithm based on particle swarm optimization for solving power economic dispatch considering valve-point effects and emission constraints, (2011) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 4 (3), pp. 1303-1311.

[29] Hoseynpoor, M., Najafi, M., Ebrahimi, R., Davoodi, M., Power system stability improvement using comprehensive FACTS devices, (2011) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 4 (4), pp. 1660-1665.

[30] Zare, A., Ghasemi, M., Effects of FACTS devices on voltage stability for different static load models, (2010) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 3 (4), pp. 560-567.

[31] Jumaat, S.A., Musirin, I., Othman, M.M., Moklis, H., Comparison of FACTS device installation in power transmission system, (2012) International Review on Modelling and Simulations (IREMOS), 5 (4), pp. 1679-1689.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize