Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Cross-Correlation Method for Power Arcing Source Monitoring System

Frank Zoko Ble(1*), Matti Lehtonen(2), Ari Sihvola(3), Charles Kim(4)

(1) Aalto University / Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Finland
(2) Aalto University / Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Finland
(3) Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Howard University, United States
(4) Aalto University / Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Finland
(*) Corresponding author



Power arcs do not only cause important economic loss, but also lead to serious deterioration of the entire power system equipment. With the aging of the distribution networks, the development of power arcs detection and location techniques has been paid more attention. Once an arcing fault has been detected at a monitoring station its location is obtained from the electromagnetic radiation signals. The most common location techniques are based on Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA), Directional Finding (FD) and Propagation Attenuation (PA). In this paper, cross-correlation method in connection with TDOA is used to locate power arcing faults. In the experiment, strategically placed antennas and the arrival time’s delay of dominant component of the wide-band electromagnetic signals radiated from the sources are used. The power electric arc was produced by a tree leaning on a current conducting cable. The experiment proves that cross-correlation method combined with TDOA can be used to locate power arcs accurately.
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Cross-Correlation; Power Arc; Electromagnetic Radiation; Antenna; Arc Source Location; Signal Processing; Time Delay Estimation

Full Text:



Bartlett, E.J.; Moore, P.J.; “Remote sensing of power system arcing faults”, Advances in Power System Control, Operation and Management, 2000. APSCOM-00. 2000 International Conference on Vol. 1 , 2000, pp. 49–53.

Moore, P.J.; Portugues, I.E.; Glover, I.A.; “Radiometric location of partial discharge sources on energized high-Voltage plant”, Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on Vol. 20, 2005, pp. 2264-2272.

Shihab, S.; Wong, K.L.; “Detection of faulty components on power lines using radio frequency signatures and signal processing techniques”, Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, 2000. IEEE Vol. 4, 2000, pp. 2449–2452.

Young, D.P.; Keller, C.M.; Bliss, D.W.; Forsythe, K.W.; “Ultra-wideband (UWB) transmitter location using time difference of arrival (TDOA) techniques”, Signals, Systems and Computers, 2003. Conference Record of the Thirty-Seventh Asilomar Conference on Vol. 2 , 2003, pp. 1225–1229.

Sun, Y.; Stewart, B.G.; Kemp, I.J.; “Alternative cross-correlation techniques for location estimation of PD from RF signal”, Universities Power Engineering Conference, 2004. UPEC 2004. 39th International Vol. 1, 2004, pp. 143–148.

Chye Huat Peck; Moore, P.J.; “A direction-finding technique for wide-band impulsive noise source”, Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on Vol. 43, 2001, pp. 149–1544.

Yang, L.; Judd, M.D.; Bennoch, C.J.; “Time delay estimation for UHF signals in PD location of transformers [power transformers]”, Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, 2004. CEIDP '04. 2004 Annual Report Conference, 2004, pp. 414-417.

Azaria, M.; Hertz, D.; “IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing”, Vol. 32, 1984, pp. 280-285.

Soeta, Y.; Uetani, S.; Ando, Y.; “Autocorrelation and cross-correlation analyses of alpha waves in relation to subjective preference of a flickering light”, Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2001. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Vol. 1, 2001, pp. 635– 638.

Alavi, B.; Pahlavan, K.; “Modeling of the TOA-based distance measurement error using UWB indoor radio measurements”, Communications Letters, IEEE Vol. 10, 2006, pp. 275–277.

Mallat, Achraf; Louveaux, J.; Vandendorpe, L.; “UWB based positioning: Cramer Rao bound for Angle of Arrival and comparison with Time of Arrival”, 2006 Symposium on Communications and Vehicular Technology, pp. 65–68.

Alsindi, N.; Xinrong Li; Pahlavan, K.; “Analysis of Time of Arrival Estimation Using Wideband Measurements of Indoor Radio Propagations”, Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on Vol. 56, 2007, pp. 1537-1545.

Rohrig, C., Kunemund, F., “Mobile Robot Localization using WLAN Signal Strengths”. Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems: Technology and Applications, 2007. IDAACS 2007. 4th IEEE Workshop, pp. 704 - 709

Bo-Chieh Liu, Ken-Huang Lin “Accuracy Improvement of SSSD Circular Positioning in Cellular Networks”. Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transaction, pp. 1766 - 1774

Motter, P. , Allgayer, R.S. ; Muller, I. ; Pereira, C.E. ; Pignaton de Freitas, E. “Practical issues in Wireless Sensor Network localization systems using received signal strength indication”. Sensors Applications Symposium (SAS), 2011 IEEE, pp. 227 - 232

Chih-Chun Lin, She-Shang Xue; Yao, L. “Position Calculating and Path Tracking of Three Dimensional Location System Based on Different Wave Velocities”. Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, 2009. DASC '09. Eighth IEEE International Conference, pp. 436 - 441

El Arja, H., Huyart, B.; Begaud, X. “Joint TOA/DOA measurements for UWB indoor propagation channel using MUSIC algorithm”. Wireless Technology Conference, 2009, pp. 124 - 127

Born, A.,Schwiede, M. ; Bill, R. “On distance estimation based on radio propagation models and outlier detection for indoor localization in Wireless Geosensor Networks”, Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN), International Conference 2010, pp. 1 - 6

Fugen Su, Weizheng Ren; Hongli Jin, “Localization Algorithm Based on Difference Estimation for Wireless Sensor Networks”. Communication Software and Networks. ICCSN '09. International Conference, 2009, pp. 499 - 503

Bing-Fei Wu , Cheng-Lung Jen ; Kuei-Chung Chang, “Neural fuzzy based indoor localization by Kalman filtering with propagation channel modeling”. Systems, Man and Cybernetics. ISIC. IEEE International Conference, 2007, pp. 812 - 817

Benkic, K., Malajner, M.; Planinsic, P.; Cucej, Z. “Using RSSI value for distance estimation in wireless sensor networks based on ZigBee”. Systems, Signals and Image Processing, 2008. 15th International Conference, 2008, pp. 303 - 306

Suk-Un Yoon, Liang Cheng; Ghazanfari, E.; Pamukcu, S.; Suleiman, M.T. “A Radio Propagation Model for Wireless Underground Sensor Networks”. Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM 2011), 2011, pp. 1 – 5.

Jean-Marie Floc'h, Ahmad El Sayed Ahmad, Jean-Michel Denoual, Hatem Rmili, Design of Printed Dipole Antenna with Reflector and Multi-Directors, (2012) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 2 (6), pp. 407-413.

Seema Nagar, Uma Nagar, R. S. Meena, Design of Compact Dualband CPW-Fed Patch Antennafor Wireless Communication, (2013) International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation (IRECAP), 3 (4), pp. 210-213.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize