Energy Based Efficiency Evaluation of Cluster and Tree Based Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks


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Abstract


The wireless arena has been experiencing exponential growth in the last couple of years. In twenty- first century, due to recent advances in sensor and wireless communication technologies have enabled a new generation of massive-scale Wireless sensor network (WSN) and is not-too-distant future when miniature, low-cost sensors may be literally sprayed onto walls, roads, or machines, creating a digital skin that can observe a variety of interested physical phenomena. Due to the severe energy constraint of a sensor node, network architectures and protocol are important aspects in the design of Wireless sensor network due to their big impact on the energy consumption. Since last couple of years to prolong the network lifetime of a tiny sensor node various researchers have proposed a number of energy efficient routing protocols. Up till now, their performance superior or worse cannot be inspected without any suspicion by conventional techniques because of their transformed behavior in different environments. The aspire of this research is to evaluate the performance among energy efficient routing protocols in Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) based on metrics Overhead, Delay, Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) and Congestion over Energy consumption and Network lifetime. The current research work can be utilized to guide protocol designing, application-specific protocol selection and modification of the existing routing protocols in Wireless sensor networks. Simulations between Energy Efficient Cluster based Data Gathering Protocol ECDGP and Energy Efficient Data Collection Protocol-Tree Based EEDCP-TB confirms their results in term of Overhead, Delay, Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR) and Congestion on Energy consumption and Network lifetime.
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Keywords


Wireless Sensor Network; Energy Efficient; Routing; Protocol; Cluster; Tree

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