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Reliable Collaboration in a Distributed Collaborative Environment: Modeling and Computing

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Recently, the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has changed the word on how we work, learn, and interact as social distancing guidelines have led to a more virtual existence, both personally and professionally. Distributed Collaborative Environment (DCE) is one of the best solution platforms to work collaboratively and remotely in a safe environment. These environments are based on the concept of collaborative activity in achieving a common goal. However, the collaborators must work together within these activities to achieve their common purposes. The reliability of collaboration during an activity is the key element in achieving a common purpose. Most of the proposed collaboration models for DCE do not help the users choose, during the activity, whom to collaborate with? and for what reason the collaboration is needed? In this work, we propose an innovative model of collaboration in a distributed collaborative environment (DCE) to ensure reliable collaboration during activities. The proposed model allows us to answer questions such as who can collaborate? What is the collaboration value? Why do we collaborate? Our model is based on a collaborative relationship that should be existing between collaborators during an activity. The proposed model considers two components of collaboration (Direct and Indirect) for evaluating the collaborative relationship. The discussion and simulation of medical scenarios within a distributed collaborative healthcare system show the effectiveness and reliability of our collaboration model. In addition, it offers managers a global vision of the collaboration management in such environment.
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Distributed Collaborative Environment; Collaboration Model; Collaboration Direct; Collaboration Indirect; Activity; Reliability

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