Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Green Cognitive Radio Networks by Using Coalitional Game Approach in Partition Form

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



Green energy in cognitive radio (CR) network is capable of liberating the network from energy constraints, the energy is lost when CR users sense and utilize the unused spectrum for data communications. Green energy in CR increases the network availability and so prolongs developing network applications. The CR network performances seriously based on exploiting the available spectrum without losing energy and wasting time. In our work, a coalitional game approach is applied to enhance system performances, we study the coalitional formation process in partition form with transferable utility (TU). In our paper a new coalition value formula is proposed based on the data transmission rate and energy efficiency. Our approach uses the Shapley value to evaluate the users utilities in coalitions. We use a strategic learning algorithm to learn the Nash equilibrium, a theoretical proof of convergence is defined. Finally, we provide numerical results to validate the proposed approach. Coalitional game tool improves secondary users battery life and network performances.
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Cognitive Radio; Energy Consumption; System Performance; Resource Allocation; Opportunistic Access; Coalitional Game; Partition Form

Full Text:



A. Goldsmith, S. Jafar, I. Maric, and S. Srinivasa, Breaking spectrum gridlock with cognitive radios: An information theoretic perspective, Proc. IEEE, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 894-914, May 2009

Chen, J., Zhang, C., Channel allocation strategy based on cognitive radio network, (2012) International Review on Computers and Software (IRECOS), 7 (7), pp. 3704-3709.

Anita Garhwal and Partha Pratim Bhattacharya, A Survey on Spectrum Sensing Techniques in Cognitive Radio, IJNGN Vol.3 No.4, December 2011

A. Ghasemi and E. Sousa, Collaborative spectrum sensing for opportunistic access in fading environments, in Proc. IEEE DySPAN, 2005, pp. 131-136.

Syed Yusof, S.K., Shu'aibu, D.S., Hosseini, H., Sheikh Ahmed, B.O., Queuing aware earliest deadline first scheduling for cognitive radio network, (2013) International Review on Computers and Software (IRECOS), 8 (8), pp. 1751-1759.

Zhao Q, Tong L, Swami A, Chen Y. Decentralized cognitive MAC for opportunistic spectrum access in ad hoc networks: a POMDP framework, IEEE journal on Selected Areas Commun, 2007

G. Scutari and J.-S. Pang, Joint sensing and power allocation in non convex cognitive radio games: Nash equilibria and distributed algorithms, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 59, no. 7, pp. 4626-4661, 2013

D. Niyato, E. Hossain, and Z. Han, Dynamics of multiple-seller and multiple-buyer spectrum trading in cognitive radio networks: a game theoretic modeling approach, IEEE Trans. Mobile Comput., vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 1009-1022, Aug. 2009

Mouna Elmachkour, Imane Daha Belghiti, Abdellatif Kobbane, Essaid Sabir, Jalel Ben-Othman, Green Opportunistic Access for Cognitive Radio Networks: A Minority Game Approach, ICC, 2013

Li Yan, Yang Zeng, Collaborative Spectrum Sensing using Coalitional Games in Cognitive Radio Networks, IEEE, 2008

W. Saad, Z. Han, R. Zheng, A. Hjorungnes, T. Basar, and H. V. Poor, Coalitional games in partition form for joint spectrum sensing and access in cognitive radio networks, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Signal Process., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 195-209, Apr. 2012

W. Saad, Coalitional Game Theory for Distributed Cooperation in Next Generation Wireless Networks, DISSERTATION FOR THE DEGREE OF PHILOSOPHIAE DOCTOR IEEE, Oslo 2010

J. von Neumann and O. Morgenstern, Theory of Games and Economic Behavior, Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press, 1944

Walid Saad, Zhu Han, Merouane Debbah, Are Hjorungnes, and Tamer Basar, Coalitional Game Theory for Communication Networks, IEEE Signal Processing MAGAZINE, 2009

Dapeng Li, Youyun Xu, Xinbing Wang, and Mohsen Guizani, Coalitional Game Theoretic Approach for Secondary Spectrum Access in Cooperative Cognitive Radio Networks, 844 IEEE Trans on wireless communications, vol. 10, no. 3, MARCH 2011

Ekram Hossain, Zhu Han, Game theory for Cognitive Radio Networks, IEEE GLOBECOM, 2009

Mouna El machkour, Abdellatif Kobbane, Essaid Sabir and Mohammed El koutbi, New insights from a delay analysis for cognitive radio networks with and without reservation, IWCMC, 2012

Z. Damljanovic, Cognitive radio access discovery strategies, in Proc. Int. Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks, and Digital Signal Processing, Graz, Austria, Jul. 2008.

Aumann, R. J. and R. B. Myerson, Endogenous Formation of Links between Players and of Coalitions: An Application of the Shapley Value, in The Shapley Value, A. E. Roth (ed.), Cambridge University Press, 175-191, 1988

JH. Tembine, Distributed Strategic Learning for Wireless Engineers, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, 496 pages, May 2012

Emna Trigui, Moez Esseghir and Leila Merghem Boulahia, On using multi agent systems in cognitive radio networks: A Survey, International Journal of Wireless & Mobile Networks (IJWMN) Vol. 4, No. 6, December 2012

Mouna Elmachkour, Abdellatif Kobbane, Essaid Sabir, Jalel Ben-othman, Mohammed El koutbi , Data Traffic-Based Analysis of Delay and Energy Consumption inCognitive Radio Networks with and without Resource Reservation, International journal of communications systems, Int. J. Commun. Syst. 2014


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize