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Adaptive Algorithm for Beacon and Superframe Values in IEEE802.15.4 Based Networks

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The IEEE 802.15.4 standard was proposed by IEEE TG4 and has been commercially adopted to specify protocols for the physical and MAC layers. Despite the diverse nature and goals intended from WSN applications, they all must work in a way that enables them to befit from features provided by the standard. This is directly related to the chosen Beacon and Superframe orders (BO, SO) combination values. The studies of Marwa Salaymeh et al. (2013) investigated the standard behavior of the protocols as it is applied on CBR applications implemented on a seven star topology scenarios and reveals the optimal range of combinations for Bo and So. Moreover, an adaptive algorithm that converges to the network current performance has been proposed in order to adaptively change Bo and So to improve the overall performance. For different topologies and different application behaviors the optimal combination values may significantly vary. Thus for VBR-based applications, different topologies will be investigated and analyzed in order to revel the optimal (Bo,So) combinations. A new modified approach based on our analysis will be presented. The new approach will operate in two modes; Evaluating Options Mode (EOM) and non-EOM mode in which the approach will adapt and move to different values in order to gain better performance, if possible. The analysis phase and the implementation of the new approach have been test in QualNet version 5.2 simulation environment. The new approach could gain performance improvements of up to 10% of the pervious performance based on the defined performance metric.
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Wireless Sensor Networks; IEEE802.15.4; Beacon; Superframe; Energy Consumption

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