Enhancement of Indoor Localization by Path-Loss Reduction Using Modified RSSI Technique

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Localization is one of the most challenging and important issue in wireless sensor networks (WSN), especially if cost effective approaches are demanded. Distance measurement based on RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indication) is a low cost and low complexity of the distance measurement technique, and it is widely applied in the range-based localization of the WSN. The RSS (Received Signal Strength) used to estimate the distance between an unknown node and a number of reference nodes with known co-ordinates. Location of the target node is then determined by trilateration. Log-normal shadowing model can better describe the relationship between the RSSI value and the distance. Due to the Non-line of sight and multipath transmission effects in the indoor environment, the distance error or ranging error will be large. It is a challenging task to optimize the transmission power of WSNs, in presence of path loss, because although increasing the transmission power reduces the residual energy, it also reduces the number of retransmissions required. In this paper, experimental results that are carried out to analyze the sensitivity of RSSI measurements in an indoor environment for various power levels are presented. Along with the reduction in the Distance error through improved RSSI technique, Path-loss also reduced comparatively.
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Localization; Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI); Power Levels; Anchor; Path-Loss

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