A Novel Energy Metric for Optimal Energy Efficient Sensor Communications

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations

DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)


As low powered, battery operated nodes are used in wireless sensor networks, conservation of energy at all levels of system design is very essential. In this paper, we focus on the efficient transmission of data over a noisy channel by selecting optimal energy efficient values for the physical layer parameters. We introduce an energy metric called “Effectually Received bit Energy” (ERE) which is the amount of energy spent in a successful transmission over a given channel. By minimizing this metric, we find the optimum hop distance and optimal transmit energy for different modulation schemes. The results which are obtained in this paper can be useful to the network designers for selecting the suitable hop distance, transmit energy and the modulation scheme that will help in maximizing the lifetime of the network
Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Wireless Sensor Networks; AWGN Channel; Transmit Energy; AQDBPSK Modulation; Hop Distance; Packet Size; Energy Metric

Full Text:



D.CulleR J.Hill, M.Horton. K.Pister, A.Woo, from http://www.sensormag.com April 1, 2002


X.Miao, J.Chu,, L.Zhang, J.Qiao, “Development of Wireless Sensor Network for Dam Monitoring”, Journal of Information & Computational Science Vol 9, Issue 6, pp 1609–1616,2012

G.Liu, R.Tan, R.Zhou, G.Xing, W.Song, J.Lees, “Volcanic Earthquake Timing Using Wireless Sensor Networks”, In the Proc of the 12th International conference on Information processing in sensor networks pp:91, 2013

I.Akyildiz,. W.Su,. Y.Sankarasubramaniam. and E.Cayirci., “A Survey on Sensor Networks”, IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. 40, Issue 8, pp 102-114,2002

A.J.Hartwell, G.G.Messier and J.R.Davies, “ Optimizing Physical Layer Energy Consumption for Wireless Sensor Networks”. In Proceedings of IEEE 65th Vehicular Technology Conference,2007. VTC2007-Spring, pp:76-79, 2007 .

R.Srivastava., E.C.Koksal, “Energy Optimal Transmission Scheduling in Wireless Sensor Networks”, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol 9,Issue: 5,pp 1550-1560,2010.

A.E.Gamal, C.Nair, B.Prabhakar, E.U.Biyikoglu and S.Zahedi. “Energy-efficient scheduling of packet transmissions over wireless networks Twenty first Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and communications societies” Vol.3, pp 1773-1782,2002.

W.Ye,, J.Heidemann, and D.Estrin, “An energy-efficient MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks,” in the Proc of the 2002 Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies(INFOCOM ’02), Vol.3, pp. 1567–1576,2002.

IEEE Computer Society, IEEE std 802.15.4 – 2003 The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., New York, USA, 2003.

K.Jin, and D.Cho, “A MAC algorithm for energy-limited ad-hoc networks”, in Proceedings of IEEE 52nd Vehicular Technology Conference Fall , Vol 1, pp. 219–222,2002.

A.J.Goldsmith. and S.B.Wicker, “Design challenges for energy constrained ad hoc wireless networks”, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 8–27,2002.

Kalai Kumar, K., Baburaj, E., Performance analysis of cross layer communication in wireless sensor network to improve throughput and utility maximization, (2013) International Review on Computers and Software (IRECOS), 8 (11), pp. 2634-2641.

S.Cui, A.J.Goldsmith and A.Bahai., “Energy-constrained modulation optimization”, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications Vol 4, Issue 5, pp 2349-2360, 2005.

S.Cui., A.J.Goldsmith, and A.Bahai “Modulation optimization under energy constraints”, Proceedings of IEEE International conference ICC’03, pp :2805-2811,2003.

S.Verdu “Spectral efficiency in the wideband regime”, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 48, pp. 1319-1343, 2002.

Y.Zhang, Ye li. D.Qiao. “Energy Quality System Quality for wireless communication”, IEEE Journal of Networks, Vol.6, No 2, 2011.

G.Schaefar, “Potentials of Opportunistic routing in energy constrained wireless sensor networks”, Lecture notes in Computer Science Vol. 5432, pp 118-133,2009.

M.J.Holland,. R.G.Aures,. W.B.Heinzelman, “Experimental Investigation of Radio Performance in Wireless Sensor Networks”, In the proc of the 2nd IEEE Workshop on Wireless Mesh Networks, pp: 140-150, 2006.

R.Vidhyapriya, and P.Vanathi., “Energy Efficient Data Compression in Wireless Sensor Networks”, The International Arab Journal of Information Technology, Vol. 6, No. 3,2009.

K.Schwieger., H.Nuszkowski, and G.Fettweis., “Analysis of Node Energy Consumption in Sensor Networks”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol.2920, pp 94-105,2004.

J.Ammer and J.Rabaey. “The Energy-per-Useful-Bit Metric for Evaluating and Optimizing Sensor Network Physical Layers Sensor and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks”, SECON '06,2006 3rd Annual IEEE Communications Society Vol 2. pp 695-700, 2006.

T.Wang, W.Heinzelman, “Link Energy Minimization in IR-UWB Based Wireless Networks In the proceedings of IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications” Vol 9, Issue 9, pp 2800-2811.

E.Modiano, “An adaptive algorithm for optimizing the packet size used in wireless ARQ protocols”, ACM journal Wireless Networks, Vol. 5, Issue 4, pp 279–286, 1999.

Y.Sankarasubramaniam,. I.E.Akyildiz, and S.W.Mclaughlin, “ Energy Efficiency based Packet Size Optimization in Wireless Sensor Networks” , In Proc of the IEEE International Workshop on Sensor Network Protocols and Applications pp 1–8,2003

J.Korhonen. and Y.Wang, “Effect of Packet Size on Loss Rate and Delay in Wireless Links”, In the proc of IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, Vol.3, pp:1608-1613, 2005.

P.Litteri, and M.Srivastava,. “Adaptive frame length control for improving wireless link throughput, range, and energy efficiency” INFOCOM In the proc.of the Seventeenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, Vol.2 pages: 564-571, 1998

I.Mobin and R.J.Mondragon. “A Simulation Based Study of Energy Efficient Packet Size Estimation for Ad-hoc Networks” PGNET,2011.

M.C.Oto., O.B.Akan.O.B, “Energy-Efficient Packet Size Optimization for Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks”, IEEE Transactions on wireless communications Vol 11, Issue4,2012.

A.Sudhir Babu, S.K.V.Rao, “Evaluation of BER for AWGN, Rayleigh and Rician Fading Channels under Various Modulation Schemes”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Vol. 26– No.9,2011.

S.Cui., A.J.Goldsmith., and A.Bahai, “Energy-efficiency of MIMO and cooperative MIMO techniques in sensor networks”, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communication, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1089–1098, 2004.

W.A.Chao, S.C.Sodini and A.Chandrakasan, “Energy efficient modulation and MAC for asymmetric RF microsensor system”. In Proc. of the IEEE International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design- ACM DL, pp: 106-111, 2001

J.Proakis, Digital communications V Edition, NewYork: Mc Graw Hill, 2005.

Y.Poberezhskiy, “Novel Modulation Techniques and Circuits for Transceivers in body sensor networks”, IEEE Journal on emerging and selected topics in circuits and systems, Vol 2, No.1, 2012.

Azimiyan, F., Kheirkhah, E., Jalali, M., Classification of routing protocols in wireless sensor networks, (2012) International Review on Computers and Software (IRECOS), 7 (4), pp. 1614-1623.

Mansouri, H., Benhaddou, S., Medromi, H., Energy security optimization in wireless sensor network based on multi agent system architecture, (2012) International Review on Computers and Software (IRECOS), 7 (2), pp. 518-524.

Sun, S., Zhang, Q., Chen, M., Xu, B., An evolutionary based routing protocol for clustered wireless sensor networks, (2012) International Review on Computers and Software (IRECOS), 7 (3), pp. 1380-1385.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize