Analysis of Depth Based Routing Protocols in Under Water Sensor Networks

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Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UW-ASNs) have the potential to enable many applications such as environmental monitoring, undersea exploration and distributed tactical surveillance. Under water acoustic communication is preferred over Electromagnetic communication (radio and optical communication) due to higher propagation delay along with high attenuation of radio communication while the effect of scattering is higher at optical communication.
Fundamental differences between underwater acoustic propagation and terrestrial radio propagation might need a new criteria for the design of networking protocols. Under water acoustic communication is difficult due to the fact of Energy consumption, delay, and propagation speed along with node mobility in under water environment.
The prime objective is to find out a good performance metrics considering the problems associated with the Depth Based Routing, and to analyze Energy Efficient Depth Based Routing with a priority value based on the distance between source node and the forwarding node, Novel Energy Efficient Depth Based Routing considering its depth, residual energy, fitness value between source node, forwarding node and the sink. NS2 based Aquasim in a 500*500 environment, is considered, with a maximum of 100 nodes positioned in random way point.
The results using simulation has been taken with varying Number of Nodes, Report Interval, Packet Size, Pause Time and Transmission range which shows that Novel Energy Efficient Depth Based Routing, and Energy Efficient Depth Based Routing outperforms Depth Based Routing at various situations since the conventional routing used considers only depth.

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Depth Based Routing; Energy Efficient Depth Based Routing; Holding Time; Novel Energy Efficient Depth Based Routing and Residual Energy

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