Extraction of Cardiovascular Structures Using Artificial Neural Network and Mathematical Morphology

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This paper deals with image processing algorithm that gives a solution for the problem of medical image segmentation. Biological neural network is an artificial abstract model of different parts of the brain or nervous system, featuring essential properties of the system using biologically realistic models. Artificial Neura Networks (ANNs) have been developed for a wide range of applications such as image analysis, enhancement, segmentation, feature extraction and pattern recognition. Among these, image segmentation is more important as it is widely used for object recognition. The watershed transformation algorithm used for segmentation of blood vessels from angiographic images results in some faulty segmented pixels while the use of neural network technique increases the performance with occurrence of some errors. Artificial neural network results in improved quality of image segmentation reflecting the mean square error to be minimum. The proposed algorithm using the combination of morphological filters and back propagation neural network are used for extracting blood vessels from angiographic images of human heart as they have linear structure and Gaussian like profile. Results on various medical data from a set of normal patients are presented and show that this algorithm can be used as a robust segmentation tool.
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Angiocardiography; Artificial Neural Network; Back Propagation; Image Segmentation; Morphological Operations

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