Reliable and Energy Efficient Congestion Control Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

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In wireless sensor networks (WSN), the transport mechanism necessitates certain functionalities such as reliability, rate control, energy efficiency and fairness, despite of congestion detection technique.  Also, since most of the existing literature works is receiver driven, it does not distinguish node level and network level congestion. Hence, in this paper, we propose a reliable and energy efficient congestion control protocol in WSN. In this technique, energy efficient paths are established among source and sink that contains the nodes with sufficient energy levels. If the sink finds that the reliability index of the data transmission path is below the threshold, it chooses the alternate path with good reliability index. For detecting congestion in node level as well as network level, condition based on queue length, link bandwidth and MAC contention are executed. If congestion is detected, an efficient rate control mechanism is employed that adaptively alters the data transmission rate. By simulation results, we show that the proposed technique improves fairness, reliability and energy efficiency.
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Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN); Distributed Power Control (DPC); MAC Overhead (MAC_O)

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