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Ultracapacitors and Batteries Integration in Wind Energy Hybrid System - Frequencies Distribution Method

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This paper deals the integration of energy storage devices (Ultracapacitors and batteries) in wind energy applications, to absorb the short and long term fluctuations. The studied hybrid system includes a wind generator emulator, a diesel generator emulator, an Ultracapacitors module, a battery’s module and a programmable electric load. The originality of this contribution is related to wind power frequency distribution between the hybrid sources by using two low pass filters. The wind’s current is filtered to generate the reference values of the Ultracapacitors and battery’s currents. In this paper, the proposed strategy is detailed and the converters control methods are presented. An experimental tests bench is designed in the laboratory to validate the proposed energy management strategy. The control laws are implemented in Microchip Microcontroller (PIC18F4431). The performances of the energy management are illustrated through some simulations and experimental results
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