Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Selection Criteria for the Implementation of a Power Generation Cycle Using Carbon Dioxide as Working Fluid and Solar Thermal Energy

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



The increase in energy demand and the high levels of pollution are high impact factors nowadays. Therefore, there is an interest in using energy like sources of waste heat and renewable energy. This paper describes a method for selecting solar-powered power cycles that use carbon dioxide as a working fluid. The method considers factors such as ambient conditions, reliability, capital investment, and maintenance costs. An analytic hierarchy process is used to determine the weighting factors for each criterion and the option weights for each cycle. The results show that the most important aspects of solar energy power generation are the ambient conditions and reliability. The significance of this research is that it provides some fundamental criteria for selecting and implementing power generating cycles that use CO2 as a working fluid and solar thermal energy.
Copyright © 2022 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Analytic Hierarchy Process; Carbon Dioxide; Power Generation; Selection Criteria; Thermal Solar Energy

Full Text:



Y. Chen, Thermodynamic Cycles using Carbon Dioxide as Working Fluid - CO2 Transcritical Power Cycle Study, KTH Industrial Engineering and Management, 2011.

G. Qiu, Selection of working fluids for micro-CHP systems with ORC, Renew Energy, vol. 48, pp. 565-570, 2012.

D. Milani, M. T. Luu, R. McNaughton, and A. Abbas, A comparative study of solar heliostat assisted supercritical CO2 recompression Brayton cycles: Dynamic modelling and control strategies, Journal of Supercritical Fluids, vol. 120, pp. 113-124, 2017.

G. Valencia Ochoa, J. Duarte Forero, and J. P. Rojas, A comparative energy and exergy optimization of a supercritical-CO2 Brayton cycle and Organic Rankine Cycle combined system using swarm intelligence algorithms, Heliyon, vol. 6, no. 6, p. e04136, 2020.

X. Wang, Q. Liu, J. Lei, W. Han, and H. Jin, Investigation of thermodynamic performances for two-stage recompression supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle with high temperature thermal energy storage system, Energy Convers Manag, vol. 165, pp. 477-487, Jun. 2018.

R. Mamlook, B. A. Akash, and S. Nijmeh, Fuzzy sets programming to perform evaluation of solar systems in Jordan, Energy Convers Manag, vol. 42, no. 14, pp. 1717-1726, 2001.

N. H. Afgan and M. G. Carvalho, Multi-criteria assessment of new and renewable energy power plants, Energy, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 739-755, 2002.

F. Begić and N. H. Afgan, Sustainability assessment tool for the decision making in selection of energy system-Bosnian case, Energy, vol. 32, no. 10, pp. 1979-1985, 2007.

J. J. Wang, Y. Y. Jing, C. F. Zhang, and J. H. Zhao, Review on multi-criteria decision analysis aid in sustainable energy decision-making, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 2263-2278, 2009.

M. F. Serrano Guzmán, D. D. Pérez Ruiz, J. F. Galvis Martínez, and M. L. Rodriguez Sierra, Weighted sums evaluation applied for selection of nonconventional energy sources, Prospectiva, vol. 15, no. 2, p. 7, 2017.

M. M. Samy, R. E. Almamlook, H. I. Elkhouly, and S. Barakat, Decision-making and optimal design of green energy system based on statistical methods and artificial neural network approaches, Sustain Cities Soc, vol. 84, p. 104015, Sep. 2022.

M. T. Luu, D. Milani, R. McNaughton, and A. Abbas, Analysis for flexible operation of supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle integrated with solar thermal systems, Energy, vol. 124, pp. 752-771, 2017.

F. Sitorus and P. R. Brito-Parada, The selection of renewable energy technologies using a hybrid subjective and objective multiple criteria decision making method, Expert Syst Appl, vol. 206, p. 117839, Nov. 2022.

A. Garg, S. Su, F. Li, and L. Gao, Framework of model selection criteria approximated genetic programming for optimization function for renewable energy systems, Swarm Evol Comput, vol. 59, Dec. 2020.

Y. Liu and J. liang Du, A multi criteria decision support framework for renewable energy storage technology selection, J Clean Prod, vol. 277, Dec. 2020.

M. Usman, D. Jonas, and G. Frey, A methodology for multi-criteria assessment of renewable integrated energy supply options and alternative HVAC systems in a household, Energy Build, vol. 273, p. 112397, Oct. 2022.

Y. Chen, W. Pridasawas, and P. Lundqvist, Dynamic simulation of a solar-driven carbon dioxide transcritical power system for small scale combined heat and power production, Solar Energy, vol. 84, no. 7, pp. 1103-1110, 2010.

B. Zhang, X. Peng, Z. He, Z. Xing, and P. Shu, Development of a double acting free piston expander for power recovery in transcritical CO2 cycle, Appl Therm Eng, vol. 27, no. 8-9, pp. 1629-1636, 2007.

Y. Song, J. Wang, Y. Dai, and E. Zhou, Thermodynamic analysis of a transcritical CO2 power cycle driven by solar energy with liquified natural gas as its heat sink, Appl Energy, vol. 92, pp. 194-203, 2012.

J. Wang, P. Zhao, X. Niu, and Y. Dai, Parametric analysis of a new combined cooling, heating and power system with transcritical CO2 driven by solar energy, Appl Energy, vol. 94, pp. 58-64, 2012.

X. X. Xu, C. Liu, X. Fu, H. Gao, and Y. Li, Energy and exergy analyses of a modified combined cooling, heating, and power system using supercritical CO2, Energy, vol. 86, pp. 414-422, 2015.

Y. Ahn et al., Review of supercritical CO2 power cycle technology and current status of research and development, Nuclear Engineering and Technology, vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 647-661, 2015.

H. Hu, C. Guo, H. Cai, Y. Jiang, S. Liang, and Y. Guo, Dynamic characteristics of the recuperator thermal performance in a S-CO2 Brayton cycle, Energy, vol. 214, p. 119017, 2021.

L. de Santoli, G. lo Basso, D. A. Garcia, G. Piras, and G. Spiridigliozzi, Dynamic simulation model of trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump application for boosting low temperature distribution networks in dwellings, Energies (Basel), vol. 12, no. 3, 2019.

X. Wang, Q. Liu, J. Lei, W. Han, and H. Jin, Investigation of thermodynamic performances for two-stage recompression supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle with high temperature thermal energy storage system, Energy Convers Manag, vol. 165, no. January, pp. 477-487, 2018.

E. Cayer, N. Galanis, M. Desilets, H. Nesreddine, and P. Roy, Analysis of a carbon dioxide transcritical power cycle using a low temperature source, Appl Energy, vol. 86, no. 7-8, pp. 1055-1063, 2009.

H. Yamaguchi, X. R. Zhang, K. Fujima, M. Enomoto, and N. Sawada, Solar energy powered Rankine cycle using supercritical CO2, Appl Therm Eng, vol. 26, no. 17-18, pp. 2345-2354, 2006.

J. S. Baek, E. A. Groll, and P. B. Lawless, Piston-cylinder work producing expansion device in a transcritical carbon dioxide cycle. Part II: Theoretical model, International Journal of Refrigeration, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 141-151, 2005.

F. E. Ciarapica and G. Giacchetta, Managing the condition-based maintenance of a combined-cycle power plant: An approach using soft computing techniques, J Loss Prev Process Ind, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 316-325, 2006.

Ourabah, L., Elkari, b., Chaibi, Y., Aamoud, A., Labriji, E., A New Hybrid Multicriteria Approach Using Fuzzy Graph Controller and Dijkstra's Algorithm for Urban Traffic Congestion, (2021) International Review of Automatic Control (IREACO), 14 (5), pp. 275-286.

Mora, E., Ordóñez Bueno, M., Gómez, C., Structural Vulnerability Assessment Procedure for Large Areas Using Machine Learning and Fuzzy Logic, (2021) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 12 (6), pp. 358-370.

Cardenas, J., Valencia, G., Duarte Forero, J., Comparative Analysis of Supercritical CO2 Brayton Cycles with Simple and Partial Cooling Configurations, (2020) International Journal on Energy Conversion (IRECON), 8 (5), pp. 153-161.

Rojas, J., Duarte Forero, J., Valencia, G., Thermodynamic Analysis of an Energy Recovery System in High Power Thermal Engine Based on a Supercritical CO2 Brayton Cycle, (2020) International Journal on Energy Conversion (IRECON), 8 (1), pp. 8-15.


Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize