Assessment of Potential Location for Ocean Wave Energy Converter Installation in Southern Waters of Lampung, Banten and Sukabumi
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A vast source of potential energy resources like ocean waves are provided by nature. The ocean waves are converted into power and recently they have increased up to an important sector of renewable ocean energy. As one of the paths of the water mass movement from Java Sea to the Indian Ocean and a direct receiver of swell from Indian Ocean, Sunda Strait in between Sumatra and Java plays a role in contributing the new potential wave energy. Along southern waters of Lampung to Banten, the ocean wave characteristics have been simulated for 25 years (1991-2015) by using Simulating Waves Nearshore numerical model with 1-hour temporal resolution and 0.03°×0.03° grid resolution. The specified significant wave height have been converted into wave power and have been analyzed to find a potential location on installation of Wave Energy Converter in southern waters of Lampung, Banten, and Sukabumi by using parameters to determine the location such as Coefficient of Variation, Optimum Hotspot Identifier, wave power, depth, distance from shore, and Wave Development Index. The results ascertain 14 potential locations for installing the converter with stable wave power at above 20 kW/m in average. A further selection has been carried out by selected parameter of depth and distance from the shore and yielded 3 chosen locations at S1 (near Lampung), J3 (Binuangeun), and J1 (Deli Island). Since the final selection with Wave Development Index analysis has revealed the similar WEC’s durability and the similar assumed investment for the converter on the 3 locations, an additional investigation has been performed by reviewing the population demographic and suitable WEC. It has resulted that J3 at Binuangen, South Banten is the most potential location for installation of WEC terminator type Wave Dragon.
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