Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Theoretical and Numerical Study of Solar Co-Generation Under Climatic Conditions in the Region (Rabat-Salé-Kénitra) of Morocco

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



In this paper, a numerical study of a new design for the solar co-generation system is presented. The process consists of integrating several solar cells with the Parabolic Trough Solar Concentrator (PTSC). The goal of the additional cells is to receive the lost sunlight reflected by the parabolic trough mirror. The hybrid model performance is then analyzed and monitored by the Software Matlab. The program based on the development of mathematical equations algorithm which characterized the efficiency of the two devices. These algorithms consist of the two basic designs. The first design is to simulate the thermal system and the second the distribution of solar cells on PTSC. The effectiveness of this proposed model was verified by using the DNI data within a year in the (Rabat-Salé-Kénitra) region in Morocco. The results obtained are related to voltage and energy produced by the new system. These results are examined and their quality compared to several published experimental measurements related to the performance of the two systems used. At all, they indicate a positive compatibility between numerical studies and experimental studies. Thus, these results clearly indicate a significant improvement in the efficiency for the solar co-generation system.
Copyright © 2020 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Solar Co-Generation; Electrical and Thermal Efficiency; Matlab Simulink; PVGIS

Full Text:



Roberto Cantoni, Karen Rignall, Kingdom of the Sun: a critical, multiscalar analysis of Morocco’s solar energy strategy, Energy Research & Social Science,Volume 51, May 2019, Pages 20-31.

T. Bouhal, Y. Agrouaz, T. Kousksou, A. Allouhi, T. El Rhafiki, A. Jamil, M. Bakkas, Technical feasibility of a sustainable Concentrated Solar Power in Morocco through an energy analysis, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 81, Part 1, January 2018, Pages 1087-1095.

Badr Chegari, Mohamed Tabaa, Fouad Moutaouakkil, Emmanuel Simeu, Hicham Medromi, Contribution of thermos-physical parameters of thermal insulation and renewable energies to the energy performance of a building in different climates regions of Morocco, Journal of Building Engineering,Available online 5 January 2020, Pages 101-164.

Julia Terrapon-Pfaff, Thomas Fink, Peter Viebahn, El Mostafa Jamea, Social impacts of large-scale solar thermal power plants: Assessment results for the Noor I power plant in Morocco, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 113, October 2019, Pages 109-259.

Aqachmar Z, Allouhi A, Jamil A, Gagouch B, Kousksou T, Parabolic trough solar thermal power plant Noor I in Morocco, Energy (2019).

Dounia Dahlioui, Bouchra Laarabi, Abdelfettah Barhdadi, Investigation of soiling impact on PV modules performance in semi-arid and hyper-arid climates in Morocco, Energy for Sustainable Development,Volume 51, August 2019, Pages 32-39.

A. E. Kabeel, Mohamed Abdelgaied, Observational study of modified solar still coupled with oil serpentine loop from cylindrical parabolic concentrator and phase changing material under basin, Solar Energy, Volume 144, 1 March 2017, Pages 71-78.

Hassan Fathabadi, Novel low-cost parabolic trough solar collector with TPCT heat pipe and solar tracker: Performance and comparing with commercial flat-plate and evacuated tube solar collectors, Solar Energy ,Volume 195, 1 January 2020, Pages 210-222.

Moucun Yang, M. A. Moghimi, Yuezhao Zhu, Runpeng Qiao, Yinfen Wang, Robert A. Taylor, Optical and thermal performance analysis of a micro parabolic trough collector for building integration, Applied Energy, Volume 260, 15 February 2020, 114234.

M. Valizade, M. M. Heyhat, M. Maerefat, Experimental study of the thermal behavior of direct absorption parabolic trough collector by applying copper metal foam as volumetric solar absorption, Renewable Energy, Volume 145, January 2020, Pages 261-269.

B. S. Jinshah K. R. Balasubramanian, Thermo-mathematical model for parabolic trough collector using a complete radiation heat transfer model – A new approach, Solar Energy, Volume 197, February 2020, Pages 58-72.

Evangelos Bellos, Christos Tzivanidis, Enhancing the performance of a parabolic trough collector with combined thermal and optical techniques, Applied Thermal Engineering,volume164,January 2020,114496.

Yashun Lu, Guiqiang Li, Y, G, Akhlaghi, Qingdong Xuan, Gang Pei, Jie Ji, Xudong Zhao, Effect of grid and optimization on improving the electrical performance of compound parabolic concentrator photovoltaic cells, Solar Energy, Volume 196, 15 January 2020, Pages 607-615.

Jorrit Gosens, Christian Binz, Rasmus Lema, China’s role in the next phase of the energy transition: Contributions to global niche formation in the Concentrated Solar Power, Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, Volume 34, March 2020, Pages 61-75.

Mohamed Ali Abazan, Wael M. El-Maghlany, Mohammed Hassab, Fuad Abu lfotuh,10 MW Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plant operated by 100% solar energy: Sizing and techno-economic optimization, Alexandria Engineering Journal, Volume 59, Issue 1, February 2020, Pages 39-47.

Xing Li, Zhifeng Wang, Ming Yang, Yakai Bai, Guofeng Yuan, Proposal and performance analysis of solar cogeneration system coupled with absorption heat pump, Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 159, August 2019, Article 113873.

Shye Yunn Heng, Yutaka Asako, Tohru Suwa, Lit Ken Tan, Jane Oktavia Kamadinata, Performance of a small-scale solar cogeneration system in the equatorial zone of Malaysia, Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 184, 15 March 2019, Pages 127-138.

Hamdy Hassan, M. Salem Ahmed, Mohamed Fathy, Experimental work on the effect of saline water medium on the performance of solar still with tracked parabolic trough collector (TPTC), Renewable Energy,Volume 135, May 2019, Pages 136-147.

Jamel Madiouli, Ashraf lashin , Ihab Shigidi, Irfan Anjum Badruddin, Amir Kessentini, Experimental study and evaluation of single slope solar still combined with flat plate collector, parabolic trough and packed bed, Solar Energy, Volume 196, 15 January 2020, Pages 358-366.

Mohana Alanazi, Mohsen Mahoor, Amin Khodaei, Co-optimization generation and transmission planning for maximizing large-scale solar PV integration, International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Volume 118, June 2020, 105723.

Kee-Hoon Kim, Sung-Bae Cho, An efficient concentrative photovoltaic solar system with Bayesian selection of optimal solar tracking algorithms, Applied Soft Computing, Volume 83, October 2019, 105618.

B. S. Jinshah, K. R. Balasubramanian, Thermo-mathematical model for parabolic trough collector using a complete radiation heat transfer model – A new approach, Solar Energy, Volume 197, February 2020, Pages 58-72.

Durgesh Kumar, Pritish Mishra, Ashutosh Ranjan, Dharmendra, Kumar Dheer, Lawrence Kumar, A simplified simulation model of silicon photovoltaic modules for performance evaluation at different operating conditions, Optik, Volume 204, February 2020, 164228.

Ramzi Ben Messaoud, Extraction of uncertain parameters of single and double diode model of a photovoltaic panel using Salp Swarm algorithm, Measurement, Volume 154, 15 March 2020, 10744615 March 2020, 107446.

Yuting Jia, Fengming Ran, Chuqiao Zhu, Guiyin Fang, Numerical analysis of photovoltaic-thermal collector using nanofluid as a coolant, Solar Energy, Volume 196, 15 January 2020, Pages 625-636.

Elif Begum Elcioglu, Alper Mete Genc Ziya Haktan Karadeniz, Mehmet Akif Ezan, Alpaslan Turgut, Nanofluid figure-of-merits to assess thermal efficiency of a flat plate solar collector, Nanofluid figure-of-merits to assess thermal efficiency of a flat plate solar collector, Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 204, 15 January 2020, 112292.

Saad Eddin Lachhab, A. Bliya, E. Al Ibrahimi,L. Dlimi, Theoretical analysis and mathematical modeling of a solar cogeneration system in Morocco, AIMS Energy, volume 7(6), November 2019,page 743–759.

E. Al Ibrahmi, S. E Lachhab, F. Hamdaoui, I. El Amrani, A. Achhar, L. Dlimi, Modeling of a cylindro-parabolic solar collector and simulation by Matlab software, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 8, Issue 10, October-2017.

B. E. Psiloglou, H. D. Kambezidis, D. G. Kaskaoutis, D. Karagiannis, J. M. Poloc, Comparison between MRM simulations, CAMS and PVGIS databases with measured solar radiation components at the Methoni station, Greece, Renewable Energy, Volume 146, February 2020, Pages 1372-1391.

Gunay Omer, Abdullah Hakan Yavuz, Rasit Ahiska, Kagan Ekrem Calisal, Smart thermoelectric waste heat generator: Design, simulation and cost analysis, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments,Volume 37, February 2020, 100623.

Tamer M. Ismail, Khaled Ramzy, Basem E. Elnaghi, M. N. Abelwhab, M. Abd El-Salam, Using MATLAB to model and simulate a photovoltaic system to produce hydrogen, Energy Conversion and Management,Volume 185, 1 April 2019, Pages 101-129.

Samson Shittu, Guiqiang Li, Xudong Zhao, Jinzhi Zhou, Xiaoli Ma, Yousef Golizadeh Akhlaghi, Experimental study and exergy analysis of photovoltaic-thermoelectric with flat plate micro-channel heat pipe, Energy Conversion and Management,Volume 207, 1 March 2020, 112515.

M. M. Heyhat, M. Valizade, Sh.Abdolahzade, M. Maerefat, Thermal efficiency enhancement of direct absorption parabolic trough solar collector (DAPTSC) by using nanofluid and metal foam, Energy, Volume 192, 1 February 2020, 116662.

Djemaa Guerraiche, Cherif Bougriou, Khelifa Guerraiche, Loreto Valenzuela, Zied Driss, Experimental and numerical study of a solar collector using phase change material as heat storage, Journal of Energy Storage, Volume 27, February 2020, 101133.

A. Tihane, M. Boulaid, A. Elfanaoui, M. Nya , A. Ihlal, Performance analysis of mono and poly-crystalline silicon photovoltaic modules under Agadir climatic conditions in Morocco, Materials Today: Proceedings, 1 July 2019.

Abdellatif Bouaichi, Aumeur El Amrani, Malika Ouhadou, Aberrazak Lfakir, Choukri Messaoudi, In-situ performance and degradation of three different photovoltaic module technologies installed in arid climate of Morocco, Energy (2019).

Benyachou, B., Bahrar, M., Gueraoui, K., Optimization and Control of a Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) Based on a Dual-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) to Improve Wind Turbine Efficiency, (2020) International Journal on Engineering Applications (IREA), 8 (2), pp. 47-57.

Romli, F., Salim, S., Preliminary Study of Passengers’ Body Heat Harvesting Potential in Commercial Transport Aircraft, (2020) International Journal on Engineering Applications (IREA), 8 (1), pp. 32-40.

Belgada, R., Gueraoui, K., Mzerd, A., Taibi, M., Ouhimmou, S., Benbih, H., Mathematical and Numerical Modeling of Energy Recovery of Sunflower Waste, (2019) International Journal on Engineering Applications (IREA), 7 (5), pp. 160-168.

Mirjat, B., Baloch, M., Memon, A., Qazi, S., Jumani, T., Tahir, S., Ishak, D., Wind Energy Potential Assessment and Mapping Through Various Distribution Techniques: an Experimental Investigation for Wind Zone, (2019) International Journal on Energy Conversion (IRECON), 7 (1), pp. 29-37.

Bouali, C., Marouani, R., Schulte, H., mami, A., Photovoltaic System Enhancing Power Quality of Electrical Network, (2019) International Journal on Energy Conversion (IRECON), 7 (1), pp. 1-11.

Prodromidis, G., Tsiaras, E., Coutelieris, F., Autonomous Buildings with Electricity by Renewables, (2018) International Journal on Energy Conversion (IRECON), 6 (5), pp. 153-159.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize