A Practical Study of a Rectangular Basin Solar Distillation with Single Slope Using Paraffin Wax (PCM) Cells
One of the most effective methods of solar water desalination without energy exhaustion is the use of thermal energy storage materials such as paraffin wax (PCM). These materials have been approved as one of the most acceptable alternatives for energy supply in distillation plants. These materials (sensible and latent) are used in the solar still to store energy in sunshine hours and release in evening hours to increase production at nighttime. In this study, the effect of using PCM Cells was investigated experimentally in a rectangular-basin solar still with a single slope, and according to Kirkuk city climate in Iraq. Two solar stills were investigated in the current work using two different techniques for the desalination process. The first type (A) is a simple type saline water distiller, which represents the conventional distiller with single inclined from the horizontal (30 degrees). The second type (B) is a suggested type with an integrated PCM in the basin. The basin coated with black colour to absorb the greatest amount of solar energy. Amount of water distilled produced from the two patterns collected in a similar working condition and compared to indicate the performance enhancement. The results showed that starting from the early hours till 5 pm, the accumulated water volumes for solar distillation type A is more than that of solar distillation type B, due to the absorbed part of solar heat energy (charging process) by the PCM. After 5 pm the productivity of type B becomes more than type A, where the paraffin wax becomes a source of heat energy up to the end of the day (discharging process). Generally, the ratio of water productivity for type B is increased by about 32% than that of type A over the long day period.
Copyright © 2019 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.
Arunkumar, T., Raj, K., Rufuss, D. D. W., Denkenberger, D., Tingting, G., Xuan, L., & Velraj, R. (2019). A review of efficient high productivity solar stills. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 101, 197-220.
Yan, C., Wang, J., Du, H., Zhu, L., Jiang, T., Jiang, H, & Wang, B. (2019). Solar Thermal Electrochemical Process (STEP) action to biomass: Solar thermo-coupled electrochemical synergy for efficient breaking of biomass to biofuels and hydrogen. Energy Conversion and Management, 180, 1247-1259.
Panchal, H. N., & Patel, S. (2017). An extensive review on different design and climatic parameters to increase distillate output of solar still. Renewable and Sustainable energy reviews, 69, 750-758.
Muftah, A. F., Alghoul, M. A., Fudholi, A., Abdul-Majeed, M. M., & Sopian, K. (2014). Factors affecting basin type solar still productivity: A detailed review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 32, 430-447.
Saadi, Z., Rahmani, A., Lachtar, S., & Soualmi, H. (2018). Performance evaluation of a new stepped solar still under the desert climatic conditions. Energy Conversion and Management, 171, 1749-1760.
Hegazy, A. A. (2001). Effect of dust accumulation on solar transmittance through glass covers of plate-type collectors. Renewable energy, 22(4), 525-540.
El-Sebaii, A. A. (2011). On effect of wind speed on passive solar still performance based on inner/outer surface temperatures of the glass cover. Energy, 36(8), 4943-4949.
Ayuthaya, R. P. N., Namprakai, P., & Ampun, W. (2013). The thermal performance of an ethanol solar still with fin plate to increase productivity. Renewable energy, 54, 227-234.
Rabhi, K., Nciri, R., Nasri, F., Ali, C., & Bacha, H. B. (2017). Experimental performance analysis of a modified single-basin single-slope solar still with pin fins absorber and condenser. Desalination, 416, 86-93.
Srivastava, P. K., & Agrawal, S. K. (2013). Winter and summer performance of single sloped basin type solar still integrated with extended porous fins. Desalination, 319, 73-78.
Rajaseenivasan, T., & Srithar, K. (2016). Performance investigation on solar still with circular and square fins in basin with CO2 mitigation and economic analysis. Desalination, 380, 66-74.
Murugavel, K. K., & Srithar, K. (2011). Performance study on basin type double slope solar still with different wick materials and minimum mass of water. Renewable Energy, 36(2), 612-620.
Kabeel, A. E., Omara, Z. M., & Essa, F. A. (2014). Improving the performance of solar still by using nanofluids and providing vacuum. Energy Conversion and Management, 86, 268-274.
Sahota, L., & Tiwari, G. N. (2016). Effect of Al2O3 nanoparticles on the performance of passive double slope solar still. Solar Energy, 130, 260-272.
Kumar, R. A., Esakkimuthu, G., & Murugavel, K. K. (2016). Performance enhancement of a single basin single slope solar still using agitation effect and external condenser. Desalination, 399, 198-202.
Rahbar, N., & Esfahani, J. A. (2012). Experimental study of a novel portable solar still by utilizing the heatpipe and thermoelectric module. Desalination, 284, 55-61.
Rahbar, N., Esfahani, J. A., & Asadi, A. (2016). An experimental investigation on productivity and performance of a new improved design portable asymmetrical solar still utilizing thermoelectric modules. Energy Conversion and Management, 118, 55-62.
Rajaseenivasan, T., Elango, T., & Murugavel, K. K. (2013). Comparative study of double basin and single basin solar stills. Desalination, 309, 27-31.
Rajaseenivasan, T., & Murugavel, K. K. (2013). Theoretical and experimental investigation on double basin double slope solar still. Desalination, 319, 25-32.
Rajaseenivasan, T., Raja, P. N., & Srithar, K. (2014). An experimental investigation on a solar still with an integrated flat plate collector. Desalination, 347, 131-137.
Saeedi, F., Sarhaddi, F., & Behzadmehr, A. (2015). Optimization of a PV/T (photovoltaic/thermal) active solar still. Energy, 87, 142-152.
Singh, D. B., & Tiwari, G. N. (2017). Exergoeconomic, enviroeconomic and productivity analyses of basin type solar stills by incorporating N identical PVT compound parabolic concentrator collectors: a comparative study. Energy Conversion and Management, 135, 129-147.
Bhardwaj, R., Ten Kortenaar, M. V., & Mudde, R. F. (2015). Maximized production of water by increasing area of condensation surface for solar distillation. Applied energy, 154, 480-490.
Ayoub, G. M., & Malaeb, L. (2014). Economic feasibility of a solar still desalination system with enhanced productivity. Desalination, 335(1), 27-32.
Malaeb, L., Aboughali, K., & Ayoub, G. M. (2016). Modeling of a modified solar still system with enhanced productivity. Solar Energy, 125, 360-372.
Abdul-Wahab, S. A., & Al-Hatmi, Y. Y. (2013). Performance evaluation of an inverted absorber solar still integrated with a refrigeration cycle and an inverted absorber solar still. Energy for Sustainable Development, 17(6), 642-648.
Halima, H. B., Frikha, N., & Slama, R. B. (2014). Numerical investigation of a simple solar still coupled to a compression heat pump. Desalination, 337, 60-66.
Al-Kayiem, H. H., & Lin, S. C. (2014). Performance evaluation of a solar water heater integrated with a PCM nanocomposite TES at various inclinations. Solar Energy, 109, 82-92.
El-Sebaii, A. A., Al-Ghamdi, A. A., Al-Hazmi, F. S., & Faidah, A. S. (2009). Thermal performance of a single basin solar still with PCM as a storage medium. Applied Energy, 86(7-8), 1187-1195.
Sampathkumar, K., Arjunan, T. V., Pitchandi, P., & Senthilkumar, P. (2010). Active solar distillation—a detailed review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(6), 1503-1526.
Asbik, M., Ansari, O., Bah, A., Zari, N., Mimet, A., & El-Ghetany, H. (2016). Exergy analysis of solar desalination still combined with heat storage system using phase change material (PCM). Desalination, 381, 26-37.
Thirugnanam, C., & Marimuthu, P. (2013). Experimental analysis of latent heat thermal energy storage using paraffin wax as phase change material. International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology (IJEIT), 3(2), 372-376.
Naeem, L. A., Al-Hattab, T. A., & Abdulwahab, M. I. (2016). Study of the Performance of Paraffin Wax as a Phase Change Material in Packed Bed Thermal Energy Storage System. Iraqi Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, 17(4), 25-33.
Barford, N. C. (1985). Experimental measurements: precision, error and truth. Wiley.
Velmurugan, V., Pandiarajan, S., Guruparan, P., Subramanian, L. H., Prabaharan, C. D., & Srithar, K. (2009). Integrated performance of stepped and single basin solar stills with mini solar pond. Desalination, 249(3), 902-909.
Feilizadeh, M., Estahbanati, M. K., Ahsan, A., Jafarpur, K., & Mersaghian, A. (2016). Effects of water and basin depths in single basin solar stills: An experimental and theoretical study. Energy conversion and management, 122, 174-181.
Nazari, S., Safarzadeh, H., & Bahiraei, M. (2019). Experimental and analytical investigations of productivity, energy and exergy efficiency of a single slope solar still enhanced with thermoelectric channel and nanofluid. Renewable Energy, 135, 729-744.
Dunkle RV. Solar water distillation: the roof type still and a multiple effect diffusion still. Devel Heat Trans, ASME, Proc Int Heat Transfer 1961;5:895–902.
Badran, O. O., & Abu-Khader, M. M. (2007). Evaluating thermal performance of a single slope solar still. Heat and mass transfer, 43(10), 985-995.
J.A. Duffie, W. Beckman, Solar Engineering of Thermal Process, John Wiley & Sons Inc, New York, 1991.
Dashtban, M., & Tabrizi, F. F. (2011). Thermal analysis of a weir-type cascade solar still integrated with PCM storage. Desalination, 279(1-3), 415-422.
Haji-Sheikh, A., Eftekhar, J., & Lou, D. (1982). Some thermophysical properties of paraffin wax as a thermal storage medium. In 3rd Joint Thermophysics, Fluids, Plasma and Heat Transfer Conference (p. 846).
Kabeel, A. E. (2009). Performance of solar still with a concave wick evaporation surface. Energy, 34(10), 1504-1509.
Ashraf Elfasakhany; Talal K. Kassem; Abdel-Fattah Mahrous & Kassim K. Matrawy. (2016). Study of Heat Storage Using of PCM In Solar Distiller. Wulfenia 23(5):19-33.
Shalaby, S. M., El-Bialy, E., & El-Sebaii, A. A. (2016). An experimental investigation of a v-corrugated absorber single-basin solar still using PCM. Desalination, 398, 247-255.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Please send any question about this web site to firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2005-2020 Praise Worthy Prize