Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Modeling and Simulation of a Novel Photovoltaic Solar System

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



This paper presents a new solar system for photovoltaic application. Three tilted photovoltaic panels arranged so each panel normal vector form an angle of 120° regarding the remaining vectors. The panels assembly rotates permanently with a controlled velocity around a central axis and collect solar radiation alternately. However, in classical photovoltaic solar systems; either traditional fixed panels or tracking systems, the PV panels have a fixed position or a preset trajectory which is tracked slowly during the daytime. Therefore, these systems are subject to several defects as temperature elevation, dust deposition and lifecycle reducing. The current research provides model simulation and experimental tests of the new solar system in order to determine the performances and establish a scientific comparison regarding classical systems. Generally, the simulation results and the experimental findings are similar and show an important behavior in terms of overcoming the panels’ temperature elevation, the dust deposition, and ensuring the power generation.
Copyright © 2017 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Elevation Tracking; Solar Radiation; Rotary System; Solar Tracking Model

Full Text:



MASEN – Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy – Rabat (MASEN Website).

J.Kern and I.Harris, On the optimum tilt of a solar collector, Sol. Energy, vol. 17, pp. 97-102, 1975.

C.L. Cheng, Charles S. S. Jimenez, M.C. Lee. Research of BIPV optimal tilted angle, use of latitude concept for south orientated plans, Renewable Energy vol. 34, pp.1644–1650, 2009.

A. Georgiev, P. Roth, H. Boudinov, Design and construction of a system for sun-tracking, Renewable Energy vol. 29, pp. 393–402, 2004.

T. P. Chang, Output energy of a photovoltaic module mounted on a single-axis tracking system, Applied Energy vol 86 pp. 2071–2078, 2009.

J.K. Kaldellis, Marina Kapsali, Kosmas A. Kavadias, Temperature and wind speed impact on the efficiency of PV installations. Experience obtained from outdoor measurements in Greece, Renewable Energy, vol. 66, pp. 612-624, 2014.

Laura Maturi, Giorgio Belluardo, David Moser, Matteo Del Buono, BiPV system performance and efficiency drops: overview on PV module temperature conditions of different module types, Energy Procedia vol. 48, pp. 1311 – 1319, 2014.

E. Skoplaki, J.A. Palyvos, Operating temperature of photovoltaic modules: A survey of pertinent correlations, Renewable Energy vol. 34, pp. 23–29, 2009.

E. Skoplaki, A.G. Boudouvis, J.A. Palyvos, A simple correlation for the operating temperature of photovoltaic modules of arbitrary mounting, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells vol. 92, pp. 1393–1402, 2008.

C. Schwingshackl, M. Petitta, J.E. Wagner, G. Belluardo, D. Moser, M. Castelli, M. Zebisch and A. Tetzlaff, Wind effect on PV module temperature: Analysis of different techniques for an accurate estimation, Energy Procedia, vol.40, pp. 77 – 86, 2013.

El-Shobokshy, M.S., Hussein, F.M., Effect of dust with different physical properties on the performance of photovoltaic cells, Sol. Energy 51 (6), 505–511, 1993.

Mani, M., Pillai, R., Impact of Dust on Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Performance: Research Status, Challenges and Recommendations. Centre for Sustainable Technologies, Indian Institute of Science, 2010.

R. Ajdid, M. Ouassaid, M. Maaroufi, Evaluation of potential solar irradiance on fixed and two-axes solar panel in Morocco, IRSEC, IEEE Conference 2014.

R. Ajdid, M. Ouassaid, M. Maaroufi, Power Output Evaluation of Polycrystalline PV Panel under Various Irradiances and Temperatures in Moroccan Regions, ICEIT, IEEE Conference 2015.

Photovoltaics Report, Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, ISE, PSE AG July 2017.

R. Ajdid, M. Ouassaid, M. Maaroufi, The performances of PV technologies in solar tracking system under Moroccan climatic conditions, ICEIT, IEEE Conference 2015.

A. Rabl, Active Solar Collectors and Their Applications (Oxford University Press, 1985).

D.T. Reindl, W. A. Beckman, and J. A. Duffie, Evaluation of Hourly Tilted Surface Radiation Models, Solar Energy, Vol. 45, No 1, pp. 9-17, 1990.

D. Wlodarczyk, H. Nowak, Statistical Analysis of Solar Radiation Models onto Inclined Planes for Climatic Conditions of Lower Silesia in Poland, Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Vol. IX, 2009 .

R. Perez, P. Ineichen, R. Seals, J. Michalsky, and R. Stewart, Modeling daylight availability and irradiance components from direct and global irradiance, Sol Energy Vol. 44, No. 5, pp. 271-289, 1990.

K.R. Ajao, R.M. Ambali, M.O. Mahmoud, Determination of the Optimal Tilt Angle for Solar Photovoltaic Panel in Ilorin, Nigeria, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review, vol 6, pp. 87 -90, 2013.

J.Kern and I.Harris, On the optimum tilt of a solar collector, Sol. Energy, vol. 17, pp. 97-102, 1975.

G. Lewis, Optimum tilt of solar collector, Solar & Wind Technology Vol 4, No 3, pp 407-410, 1987.

Mohd Azmi bin Hj Mohd Yakup, A.Q. Malik, Optimum tilt angle and orientation for solar collector in Brunei Darussalam, Renewable Energy, vol. 24, 223–234, 2001.

Y. Jiang, J. A. AbouQahoud, Matalab/Pspice Hybrid Simulation Modeling of Solar PV Cell/Module, 978-1-4244-8085-2/11, IEEE 2011.

T. Bennett, A. Zilouchian, R. Messenger,Photovoltaic model and converter topology considerations for MPPT purposes, Solar Energy (2012).

Krismadinta, N. Abd.Rahim, H. W. Ping, J. Selvaraj, Photovoltaic module modelling using Simulink/Matlab, Proceedia, Vol. 17, pp. 527-546, 2013.

G.K. Singh, Solar power generation by PV (photovoltaic) technology : A review, Energy, vol. 53, pp. 1-13, 2013.

M. E. Basoglu, B. Cakir, Comparisons of MPPT performances of isolated and non-isolated DC–DC converters by using a new approach, Renwable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 60, pp. 1100-1113, 2016.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize