Fault-Tolerant Control Against Speed Sensor Failure in Induction Motor Drives


(*) Corresponding author


Authors' affiliations


DOI's assignment:
the author of the article can submit here a request for assignment of a DOI number to this resource!
Cost of the service: euros 10,00 (for a DOI)

Abstract


A large number of adjustable speed drives in industry and emerging applications require high dynamic performances, robustness against parameter variation and also reliability. Parameter detuning and mechanical speed sensor faults lead to a deterioration of the performances and even to instability. Therefore condition monitoring is becoming mandatory. Using knowledge of the motor condition, a fuzzy-based approach is applied to discriminate load and parameter variations from the speed sensor faults. Both simulation and experimental results are presented in terms of accuracy in the detection of speed sensor faults and knowledge extraction feasibility. The study reported in this paper is also concerned with the development of a drive tolerant to the speed sensor failure. The proposed system adaptively reorganizes itself to sustain the best control performance.
The control reorganization is managed by a voting algorithm system that assures smooth transition from the nominal controller to the sensorless one and back to the encoder-based controller.
Simulations tests using collected experimental data, in term of speed and torque responses, have been carried out on a 1.2 kW induction motor to evaluate the consistency and the performance of the proposed fault-tolerant control approach


Copyright © 2014 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.

Keywords


Adaptive Observer; Fault-Tolerant Control; Induction Motor Drive; Kalman Filter; Speed Sensor Diagnosis

Full Text:

PDF


References


M. Zeraoulia, M.E.H. Benbouzid and D. Diallo, "Electric motor drive selection issues for HEV propulsion systems: A comparative study," IEEE Trans. Vehicular Technology, vol. 55, n° 6, Nov. 2006 pp. 1756 – 1764, Nov. 2006.

M.E.H. Benbouzid, “Bibliography on induction motors faults detection and diagnosis”, IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion, vol.14, pp. 1065-1073, Dec. 1999.

R. Isermann, Process fault diagnosis based on modeling and estimation methods – a survey, Automatica, Vol. 20, pp. 387-404, 1984.

Seddique, G.S. Yadava and B. Singh,  Applications of artificial intelligence techniques for induction machine stator diagnosis,  in Proc. IEEE SDEMPED 2003 Conference-symposium on Diagnosis for Electric Machines, Power Electronics and Drives, pp. 29-34, 24626 August 2003.

M.E.H Benbouzid, G.B. Kliman, “What Stator Current Processing Based Technique to Use for Induction Motor Rotor Faults Diagnosis?”; IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion, vol.18, n°2, pp. 238-244, June 2003.

R. M. Tallan and al. “A survey of methods for detection of stator-related faults in induction machines”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol.43, n° 4, pp. 920-933, July/Aug. 2007.

M.A.S.K. Khan, T.S. Radwan, M.A. Rahman; “Real-Time Implementation of Wavelet Packet Transform-Based Diagnosis and Protection of Three-Phase Induction Motors”, IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion, vol.22, n°3, pp. 647-655, Sept. 2007.

J.H. Jung, B-H. Kwon, “On Line Diagnosis of Induction Motors Using MCSA”, IEEE Trans. on Ind. Electronics, vol.53, n°6, pp. 1842-1852, Dec. 2006.

G.G. Yen, H. LW. Ho, "On line Multiple-Model-Based Fault Diagnosis and Accommodation," IEEE Trans. Ind. Electronics, vol. 50, n°2, pp. 296-312, April 2003.

O. Ondel, E. Boutleux, G. Clerc; “ A Method to Detect Broken Bars in Induction Machine Using Pattern Recognition Techniques”, IEEE Trans. on Ind. Appl. vol.42, N°4, pp. 916-923, July/August. 2006.

D. Diallo, M. Benbouzid and al. “Electrical Machines Diagnosis: Chap. 9, “ Wiley, ISBN 978-1-84821-263-3, 2011.

F. Zidani, M.E.H. Benbouzid, D. Diallo and R. Nait-Said,  A Fuzzy-Based Approach for the Diagnosis of Fault Modes in a Voltage-Fed PWM Inverter Induction Motor Drive,  IEEE Trans. on Ind. Electronics, vol.55, N°2, Feb. 2008.

A.K. Sood, A.A. Fahs, and N.A. Henan  Engine fault analysis, Part I: statistical methods,  IEEE Trans. on Ind. Electronics, vol. 32, pp. 294-300, Nov. 1985.

A.K. Sood, A.A. Fahs, and N.A. Henan Engine fault analysis, Part II: Parameter estimation approach,  IEEE Trans. on Ind. Electronics, vol. 32, pp. 294-300, Nov. 1985.

S. Altug, M.Y. Chow and H.J. Trussell,  Fuzzy inference systems implemented on neural architectures for motor fault detection and diagnosis,  IEEE Trans. on Ind. Electronics, vol. 46, n°6, pp. 1069-1079, Dec. 1999.

F. Zidani, D. Diallo, M.E.H. Benbouzid, E. Berthelot, “Diagnosis of speed sensor failure in induction motor drive”, IEEE IEMDC Conference, 2007, Antalya, Turkey.

D. Diallo, M.E.H. Benbouzid and A. Makouf, "A fault-tolerant control architecture for induction motor drives in automotive applications," IEEE Trans. Vehicular Technology, vol. 53, n°6, pp. 1847-1855, November 2004

W. Zhao, M. Cheng, W. Hua, H. Jia and R. Cao, “Back-EMF harmonic analysis and fault-tolerant control of flux-switching permanent-magnet machine with redundancy,” IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics, vol. 58, n°5, pp. 1926-1935, May 2011.

A. Sayed-Ahmed, B. Mirafzal, and N.A.O. Demerdash, “Fault-tolerant technique for Δ-connected AC-motor drives,” IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion, vol. 26, n°2, pp. 646-653, June 2011.

Z. Sun, J. Wang, G.W. Jewell and D. Howe, “Enhanced optimal torque control of fault-tolerant PM machine under flux-weakening operation,” IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics, vol. 57, n°1, pp. 344-353, January 2010.

A.M.S. Mendes, A.J.M. Cardoso; “Fault-Tolerant Operating Strategies Applied to Three-Phase Induction Motor Drives”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electronics, vol. 53, n° 6, pp 1807-1817, Dec. 2006.

M. Muenchhof, M. Beck and R. Isermann, “Fault-tolerant actuators and drives—Structures, fault detection principles and applications,” Annual Reviews in Control, vol.33, n°2, pp. 136-148, December 2009.

J.H. Hu, D. Yin and Y. Hori, “Fault-tolerant traction control of electric vehicles,” Control Engineering Practice, vol. 19, n°2, pp. 204-213, February 2011.

Y. Zhang et al., “Bibliographical review on reconfigurable fault-tolerant control systems,” Annual Reviews in Control, vol. 32, pp. 229-252, 2008.

D.U. Campos-Delgado et al.,“Fault-tolerant control in variable speed drives: a survey,” IET Electric Power Applications, vol.2, n°2, pp. 121-134, March 2008.

A. Fekih, “Effective fault tolerant control design for nonlinear systems: application to a class of motor control system,” IET Control Theory & Applications, vol. 2, n°9, pp. 762-772, September 2008.

N. Eva Wu, “Coverage in fault-tolerant control,” Automatica, vol. 40, pp. 537-548, 2004.

C. Bonivento et al., “Implicit fault-tolerant control: Application to induction motors,” Automatica, vol. 40, pp. 355-371, 2004.

Y. Jeong and al.; “Fault Detection and Fault-Tolerant Control of Interior Permanent-Magnet Motor Drive System for Electric Vehicle”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 41, n° 1, pp 46-51, Jan./Feb. 2005.

J. Holtz; “Sensorless Control of Induction Machines – With or Without Signal Injection?”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electronics, vol. 53, n°1, pp.7-30, Feb. 2006.

M. Hilairet, F. Auger; “Frequency estimation for sensorless control of induction motors,” IEEE ICASSP 2001, Salt Lake City, Utah (US), May 2001.

K. Ohyama and al.; “Comparative Analysis of Experimental Performance and Stability of Sensorless Induction Motor Drives”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electronics, vol. 53, N°1, pp.178-186, Feb. 2006.

H. Kubota, K. Matsuse, T. Nakano; “DSP-based speed adaptive flux observer of induction motor”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Applications, Vol. 29, n° 2, pp. 152-156, March-April 1993.

S.R. Bowes, A. Sevinc, D. Holliday; “`New natural observer applied to speed-sensorless DC servo and induction motors”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electronics, vol. 51, n°5, pp.1025-1032, Oct. 2004.

R. Marino, P. Tomei, C.M. Verrelli; “A global tracking control for speed-sensorless induction motors,'' Automatica, vol. 40, pp. 1071--1077, 2004.

M.S. Grewal, A.P. Andrews; “Kalman filtering, theory and practice”, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1993.

M. Hilairet, F. Auger, C. Darengosse, “Two efficient Kalman filters for flux and velocity estimation of induction motors”, Proc IEEE PESC'00, Vol. 2, pp 891-896, June 2000.

A. Akrad, M. Hilairet, D. Diallo, “Design of a fault tolerant controller based on observers for a PMSM drive”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Elec., vol.58, N° 4, pp. 1416-1427, April 2011.

M. Hilairet, D. Diallo, M.E.H. Benbouzid, “A Self-Reconfigurable and fault tolerant induction motor control architecture for hybrid electric vehicle”, IEEE ICEM Conference, 2006, Ghania, Greece.

G. Latif-Shabgahi, J.M. Bass, S. Bennett, “History-based weighted average voter: a novel software voting algorithm for fault-tolerant computer systems", Parallel and Distributed Processing, 2001. Proceedings. Ninth Euromicro Workshop on page(s): 402-409.

Y. Leung, "Maximum Likelihood Voting for Fault Tolerant Software with Finite Output Space", IEEE Trans. Reliability, vol. 14, n°3, pp. 419 - 427, Sept. 1995.

F. Auger, M. Hilairet, J.M. Guerrero, S. Katsura, E. Monmasson, T. Orlowska-Kowalska, “ Industrial Applications of the Kalman Filter: A Review, ” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 60, n°12, pp. 5458-5471, 2013.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Please send any question about this web site to info@praiseworthyprize.com
Copyright © 2005-2023 Praise Worthy Prize