The Unified Power Flow Controller: a Possible Solution to Support Wind Energy Penetration in the Power System
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Improving power systems transfer capability, voltage level control, damping electromechanical power oscillations and reducing transient swings becomes a great concern for national and/or private energy companies. Around the word, in particular in emerging countries, energy demand is in very fast growth. Developments of conventional and renewable energy production sources follow closely such fast increase in energy absorption. But, in general, developments in transmission lines and in hard and software control equipments are well delayed which implies a dangerous gap between the demand and the transmission capacity. Failures can give rise to power oscillation, voltage drop and high frequency deviations; resulting in system integrity rapid collapse by transient stability mechanism. New technology alternatives as FACTS can positively support conventional control systems as PSSs, AVRs and TGs. The paper deals with this problem and aims to show that UPFC is a suitable device in particular to reinforce variable wind energy penetration in the power system
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