Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Effect of Aluminum Waste on Mortar Thermo-Mechanical Behavior

(*) Corresponding author

Authors' affiliations



This study examines the effect of aluminum (Al) waste additions on the mechanical performance of mortars at high temperatures. The tested mortars have been formulated with different proportions (0%, 2.5%, 5%, 7.5%, and 10%) by weight of sand after being exposed to five temperatures (50 °C, 150 °C, 200 °C, 400 °C, and 600 °C) without imposed load during heating. Workability, setting time of cement, air content, density, mass loss of mortar, thermal conductivity, porosity and mechanicals strength have been examined. The test results indicate a considerable decrease in workability and strength density of the mortar with the addition of Al. This composite has a well thermal conductivity result with 2.5Al and environmentally friendly than ordinary mortar. Further, the experimental data obtained have suggested that the compressive and the flexural tensile strength have been significantly reduced by 90 % in the mortar samples incorporating 10% Al after being exposed to the high temperature of 600 °C. Moreover, the mechanical strength of that mortar has been quite high at the age of 28 days at elevated temperatures in comparison with that measured at 20 °C. The strength of the mortar with Al can be sufficient for some applications where a lightweight, low-strength mortar is required. The use of Al in the production of low-strength concrete can contribute to more sustainable construction.
Copyright © 2023 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Mechanical Strength; Aluminum Waste; High Temperatures; Porosity; Mortar

Full Text:



M.E. Schlesinger, Aluminum recycling. CRC press, 2013. .

C. Meyer, The greening of the concrete industry. Cement and concrete composites, 31(8), 601-605, (2009).

F. Puertas, M. T. Blanco-Varela, T. Vazquez, Behaviour of cement mortars containing an industrial waste from aluminium refining: Stability in Ca (OH) 2 solutions. Cement and Concrete research, 29(10), 1673-1680, 1999.

R. Alzubaidi, Recycling of Aluminum Byproduct waste in concrete production. Jordan Journal of civil engineering, 11(1), 2017.

T. M Borhan, H. Janna, Thermal properties of cement mortar containing waste aluminium fine aggregate. Journal of Kerbala University, 12, 193-200, 2016.

Son, Ki Sang and Lee, Soo Kyung, 2004. Temperature Effect Of Concrete Strength Property Mixing With Waste Aluminum Drink Can. AOFST 6.

A. U. Elinwa, E. Mbadike, The use of aluminum waste for concrete production. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 10(1), 217-220, 2011.

D. J. Janssen, M. B. Snyder, Resistance of concrete to freezing and thawing (No. SHRP-C-391). 1994.

A. Klovas, M. Daukšys, The Influence of Admixtures on the Technological Properties of Fresh Concrete Mixture, Materials Science, 21(4), 595-600 (2015).

J. Sun, Y. Yang, Performance of New Non-Clinker Aluminum Dross Cement Curing Agent. 3rd International Conference on New Energy and Renewable Resources (ICNERR 2018).

O. M. Ofuyatan, A. A. Ivoke, A. M. Olowofoyeku, A. Adesina, J. Oluwafemi,. Effect of waste aluminium shavings on the bond characteristics of laterized concrete. Advances in materials Research, 8(1), 25-36, 2019.

S. Muzenski, I. Flores-Vivian, K. Sobolev, Ultra-high strength cement-based composites designed with aluminum oxide nano-fibers. Construction and Building Materials, 220, 177-186, 2019.

G. Mailar, B. M. Sreedhara, D. S. Manu, P. Hiremath, K. Jayakesh, Investigation of concrete produced using recycled aluminium dross for hot weather concreting conditions. Resource-Efficient Technologies, 2(2), 68-80, 2016.

N. Tebbal, Z. E. A. Rahmouni, Influence of local sand on the physicomechanical comportment and durability of high performance concrete. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2016.

A. S. Aadi, T. K. M. Ali, R. A. A. Ali, M. M. Salman, The mechanical properties of green mortar contained aluminum wastes as substitution of sand. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2021, vol. 42, p. 3002-3009.

A. Meshram, R. Jha, S. Varghese, Towards recycling: Understanding the modern approach to recover waste aluminium dross. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2021, vol. 46, p. 1487-1491.

A. Paktiawal, M. Alam, An experimental study on effect of aluminum composite panel waste on performance of cement concrete. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 2021, vol. 12, no 1, p. 83-98.

I. A.Channa, A. Saand, Mechanical behavior of concrete reinforced with waste aluminium strips. Civil Engineering Journal, 2021, vol. 7, no 7, p. 1169-1182.

S. E. Mohammadyan-Yasouj, N. Heidari, H. Shokravi, Influence of waste alumina powder on self-compacting concrete resistance under elevated temperature. Journal of Building Engineering, 2021, vol. 41, p. 102360.

NF EN 933-1, Tests to determine the geometric characteristics of aggregates - Part 1: Determination of granularity - Particle size analysis by sieving. 2006.

A STM C 305-99, Standard practice for mechanical mixing of hydraulic cement pastes and mortars of plastic consistency, ASTM Book of Standards 04.01.

NF EN - (196- 3). Methods of testing cements - Part 3: Determination of setting time and stability.

NF EN - (197-1). Cement - Part 1: composition , specification and conformity criteria for common cements.

NF EN 196-1. Cement test methods - Part 1: determination of strengths.

AFPC-AFREM Durability of concrete working group . Recommended test methods for measuring the parameters associated to durability. Proceedings of the Technical Days AFPC-AFREM: Concrete Durability. Dec. 11-12. 1998.

ASTM E 119-00 a . Standard test methods for fire test of building construction and materials. American National Standards Institute. Committee E05; 2000.

ASTM C177 - 19. Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus.

S. Barzgar, B. Lothenbach, M. Tarik, A. Di Giacomo, C. Ludwig, The effect of sodium hydroxide on Al uptake by calcium silicate hydrates (CSH). Journal of colloid and interface science, 572, 246-256. (2020).

A. Barzegar, T. Ghaffari, A. Parizad, Effect of incorporating aluminum oxide nanoparticles on thermal conduction and flexural strength of acrylic resins. Dental Research Journal, 2022, vol. 19. p. 1-6.

E. L'Hôpital, B.Lothenbach , G. Le Saout, D.Kulik, K. Scrivener, Incorporation of aluminium in calcium-silicate-hydrates. Cement and Concrete Research, 75, 91-103. (2015).

E. G. D.Araújo, J. A. S. Tenório, Cellular concrete with addition of aluminum recycled foil powders. In Materials science forum (Vol. 498, pp. 198-204). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. (2005).

N. Tebbal, Z. E. A. Rahmouni, Valorization of aluminum waste on the Mechanical Performance of mortar subjected to cycles of freeze-thaw. Procedia Computer Science, 158, 1114-1121. (2019).

S.Schreck, J. Lundquist, W. Shaw, (.US Department of Energy Workshop Report-Research Needs for Wind Resource Characterization (No. NREL/TP-500-43521). 2008. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States).

N. Tebbal, Z.Rahmouni, M. Maza, Combined effect of silica fume and additive on the behavior of high performance concretes subjected to high temperatures. Mining Science, vol. 24, 2017, 129−145.

M. Belouadah , Z. E. A. Rahmouni, N.Tebbal, Effects of glass powder on the characteristics of concrete subjected to high temperatures. Advances in concrete construction, 2018, vol. 6, no 3, p. 311.

L. Zuda, P. Rovnaník, P. Bayer, R. Černý, Effect of high temperatures on the properties of alkali activated aluminosilicate with electrical porcelain filler. International Journal of Thermophysics, 2008, vol. 29, p. 693-705.

G. Ma, D. Wang, Z. Liu, S. Bi, Y. Zan, B. Xiao, Z. Ma, Effect of hot pressing temperature on microstructure and tensile properties of SiC/Al-Zn-Mg-Cu Composites. Acta Metall Sin, 2019, vol. 55, no 10, p. 1319-1328.

A. Dias, V. D. F. C. Lins, Scale morphologies and compositions of an iron-manganese-aluminum-silicon alloy oxidated at high temperatures. Corrosion science, 1998, vol. 40, no 2-3, p. 271-280.

R. M. Pinto, V. Gund, R. A. Dias, K. K. Nagaraja, K. B. Vinayakumar, CMOS-Integrated Aluminum Nitride MEMS: A Review. Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 2022, vol. 31, Issue: 4, p 500 - 523.

T. M Borhan, H. Janna, Thermal properties of cement mortar containing waste aluminium fine aggregate. Journal of Kerbala University, 2016, vol. 12, p. 193-200.

T. M. Loganathan, I.Burhan, S. K. B.Abdullah, M. T. H. Sultan, K.Singh, S. Singh, U. Amran . Physical, Mechanical, Thermal Properties of Bio-phenolic Based Composites. Phenolic Polymers Based Composite Materials, 2021, p. 169-190.

D. P. Hochstein, C. Meyer. Measurement and Prediction of Thermal Conductivity of Cement Paste. ACI Materials Journal, 2016, vol. 113, no 3.

M. Albitar, P. Visintin, M. S. Mohamed Ali, et al. Assessing behaviour of fresh and hardened geopolymer concrete mixed with class-F fly ash. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 2015, vol. 19, p. 1445-1455.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2024 Praise Worthy Prize