Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Determining the Impact of Vehicle Traffic on Selected Noise Level Indicators in the Vicinity of the Unsignalized Intersection - A Case Study

Putu Alit Suthanaya(1*), Putu Preantjaya Winaya(2), Pandu Anantakusuma(3)

(1) Udayana University, Indonesia
(2) Udayana University, Indonesia
(3) Udayana University, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding author



There is a growing concern about the negative impact of road traffic noise on mental and physical health in developing countries. Road traffic noise models are important for preparing prevention and mitigation plans in order to minimize noise levels. The majority of the researches have focused to model traffic noise on-road section for uninterrupted flow conditions. Research on traffic noise modeling for interrupting flow situations has been mainly focused on the intersection controlled by traffic light and roundabouts. A little attention has been given to model traffic noise at unsignalized intersections. The objective of this study has been to investigate the contribution of the traffic parameters and performances on the noise level at unsignalized intersections based on simple regression and multiple linear regression analyses. The noise level indicators have included Leq, L10, L50 and L90. The results have indicated that the traffic performance variables such as the degree of saturation and the average delay had a positive correlation with the traffic noise level. However, traffic volume had a higher relationship with the noise level compared to the traffic performance variables. Since the traffic composition has been dominated by motorcycles, it has been found out that the volume of motorcycles was the best predictor of the variation in traffic noise level.
Copyright © 2021 Praise Worthy Prize - All rights reserved.


Traffic Noise; Traffic Parameters; Traffic Performances; Unsignalized Intersection; Regression

Full Text:



Y.E. Lee, M. Jerrett, Z. Ross, F.P. Coogan, and Seto, Y.W.E. Assessment of Traffic Related Noise in Three Cities in United State, Environ Res, Vol. 9:132-182, 2008.

C. Guarnaccia, Analysis of Traffic Noise in a Road Intersection Configuration, Wseas Transactions on Systems, Vol 8(Issue 9): 865-874, 2010.

B. Griefahn, M. Basner, Disturbances of sleep by noise, In Proceedings of the Acoustics, Gold Coast, Australia, 2-4 November 2011.

H. Meijker, P. Knipschild, and H. Sallé, Road Traffic Noise Annoyance in Amsterdam, Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health, Vol. 56:285-297, 1985.

J. Méline, A. Van Hulst, F. Thomas, N. Karusisi, and B. Chais, Transportation Noise and Annoyance Related to Road Traffic in the French Record Study, Int. J. Health Geogr. Vol. 12, 44, 2013.

A. Muzet, Environmental Noise, Sleep and Health. Sleep Med. Rev, Vol. 11:135-142, 2007.

E. Okokon, A. Turunen, S. Ung-Lanki, A.K. Vartainen, P. Tiittanen, and T. Lanki, Road Traffic Noise: Annoyance, Risk Perception, and Noise Sensitivity in the Finnish Adult Population, Int. J. Env. Res. Public Health, Vol. 12:5712-5734, 2015.

M. Chetoni, E. Ascari, F. Bianco, L. Fredianelli, G. Licitra, and L. Cori, Global Noise Score Indicator for Classroom Evaluation of Acoustic Performances in Life Gioconda Project, Noise Mapp, Vol. 3:157-171, 2016.

W. Babisch, Traffic Noise and Cardiovascular Disease: Epidemiological Review and Synthesis. Noise Health, Vol. 2:9-32, 2000.

S.A. Stansfeld, M.P. Matheson, Noise Pollution: Non-auditory Effects on Health, British Medical Bulletin, Vol. 68:243-257, 2003.

L. Goines, L. Hagler, Noise Pollution: A Modern Plague, Southern Medical Journal-Birmingham Alabama, Vol. 100:287, 2007.

Meliani, M., Echaabi, J., Mallil, E., Maziri, A., Insulating Bricks Filled with Cellulose Fibers, Packed in Recycled Plastic and Covered with Mortar Coating, (2020) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 11 (6), pp. 294-303.

J. Quartieri, N.E. Mastorakis, C. Guarnaccia, A. Troisi, S.D. Ambrosio, and G. Iannone, Traffic Noise Impact in Road Intersections. Int. Jour. of Energy and Environment, Vol. 1(4):1-8, 2010.

FHWA. Traffic Noise Prediction Model US. Washington: Department of transportation, Federal highway administration national technical information service, 1978.

TRB. Highway noise-Generation and control. National Cooperative Highway Research Program. Vol. Report 173, Washington: Transportation Research Board, 1976.

S. Givargis, M. Mahmoodi, Converting the UK Calculation of Road Traffic Noise (CORTN) to A Model Capable of Calculating LAeq, 1h for the Tehran's roads. Applied Acoustics, Vol. 69(11):1108-1113, 2008.

The Federal Minister of Transport (Hrsg.): Road noise guidelines (RLS-90). Bonn, 1990.

G. Cannelli, K. Glück, and S. Santoboni, A Mathematical Model for Evaluation and Prediction of the Mean Energy Level of Traffic Noise in Italian Towns. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, Vol. 53(1):31-36, 1983.

Directive 2002/49/EC of the European Parliament and of Council of June 25 2002 relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise. Official Journal of the European Communities. L189,12-25, 2002.

K. Ishii, Prediction of Road Traffic Noise (Part 1), Method of Practical Calculation, J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn.(J), Vol. 31:507-517, 1975.

Heutschi, K. SonRoad, New Swiss Road Traffic Noise Model. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, Vol. 90(3):548-554, 2004.

J. Kragh, A. Svein, and H.G. Jonasson, Nordic environmental noise prediction methods. Nord 2000, Summary report. Delta, Denmark. 2002.

S. Sakamoto, Y. Okada, A. Fukushima, T. Matsumoto, and T. Tajika, Road traffic noise prediction model 'ASJ RTN-Model 2018" Proposed by The Acoustical Society of Japan-Part 1: Outiline of the Calculation Model, Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress on Acoustics, in Aachen, Germany. pp. 3690-3695, 9-13 September, 2019.

M. Ece, L. Tosun, K. Ekinci, and N.S. Yalçindağ, Modeling of road traffic noise and traffic flow measures to reduce noise exposure in Antalya metropolitan municipality. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering, Vol. 16:1-10, 2018.

K. Tsukui, Y. Oshino, G.V. Blokland, and H. Tachibana, Study of the road traffic noise prediction method applicable to low-noise road surfaces, Acoust. Sci. & Tech, Vol. 31(1):102-112, 2010.

K. Shalini, B. Kumar, Development of traffic noise model (TNM) using regression analysis in Varanasi City, India, International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET), Vol. 9(4): 70-76, 2018.

T. Džambas, S. Ahac, and V. Dragčević, The impact of intersection type on traffic noise levels in residential areas, 3rd International Conference on Road and Rail Infrastructure, Split, Croatia, April 2014.

A. Lau, Y. Lee, B. Dawson, and N. Mackenzie, Noise modelling of road intersections. Inter-Noise, 1-10, 2014.

E.M. Salomons, Traffic noise and vehicle movement at a controlled intersection. Noise Control Engineering Journal, Vol. 62(1):10-26, 2014.

K. Tsukui, Y. Oshino, Basic Study of the Increase in Road Traffic Noise Caused by the Installation of Traffic Lights. Japan Automobile Research Institute Journal, Vol. 23(10), 2001.

E.E. Quiñones, B.C.F. Bustillo, and L.M. Mehrvar, A traffic noise model for road intersections in the city of Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Vol. 47:149-161, 2016.

F. Li, M. Cai. J.K. Liu, and Z. Yu, Dynamic traffic noise simulation at a signalized intersection among buildings. Noise Control Engineering Journal, Vol. 59(2):202-210, 2011.

A.M. Arif, M.A. Ali, Differentiating Sources of Noise at Busy Road Intersections in Dhaka City, 3rd International Conference on Environment, Chemistry and Biology IPCBEE vol.78 (2014) © (2014) IACSIT Press, Singapore.

A. Cyril, B.I. Koshy, Modelling of road traffic noise. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2(1):125-130, 2013.

M. Khajehvand, A.A. Rassafi, and B. Mirbaha, Modeling traffic noise level near at-grade junctions: Roundabouts, T and cross intersections. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 102752, 2021.

P.M. Nelson, Transportation noise reference book, Butterworths, London, 1987.

D. Covaciu, D. Florea, and J. Timar, Estimation of the noise level produced by road traffic in roundabouts. Applied Acoustics, Vol. 98:43-51, 2015.

Hassouna, F., Performance Analysis of Modern Roundabouts as an Alternative to Conventional Signalized Intersections: a Comprehensive Review, (2020) International Review of Civil Engineering (IRECE), 11 (5), pp. 229-235.

E.S. Okonofua, R.E. Irughe, and M. Ekun, Traffic noise monitoring at road intersection in urban settlement: case study of Ramat Park Benin City. Nigerian Journal of Technology (NIJOTECH), Vol. 35(4), 713 - 717, 2016.

M. Motylewicz, W. Gardziejczyk, Statistical model for traffic noise prediction in signalised roundabouts. Bulletin of The Polish Academy of Sciences Technical Sciences, Vol. 68(4), 937-948, 2020.

Department of Transport, Calculation of Road Traffic Noise. (Her Majesty's Stationary Office, London, 1988).

Directorat General Bina Marga, Indonesian Highway Capacity Manual (IHCM) (Department of Public Work, Jakarta, 1997).

T. Marian, B. Janusz, Effects of traffic conditions on traffic noise at signalized intersection, Euro-Noise'95, Lyon, Vol. 1, 1995.

E. Mutasem, S. Hayssam, Noise Control at Congested Urban Intersections: Sensitivity Analysis of Traffic Management Alternative, Noise Control Engineering Journal, Vol. 48(6): 206-213, 2000.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Please send any question about this web site to
Copyright © 2005-2022 Praise Worthy Prize